Sri City or Satyavedu Reserve Infracity Pvt. Ltd. is an integrated business city (township) located on NH 16 in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Much of the Sri City area is in Chittoor District and a smaller area along the NH16 is in Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh, India.
|• Total||69.88697 km2 (26.98351 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Sri City is an Integrated Business City located along the NH-16 in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Being at proximity of 55 km north of Chennai, the facility has a seamless connectivity to road, air and sea ports all within 100 km radius. Sri City SEZ is characterized by its strong industrial base, productive workforce, and excellent industrial relations. It encompasses a multiproduct Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and a Free Trade and Warehousing Zone (FTWZ). Several Industrial Units belonging to diverse sectors like Automotive, Engineering, Electronics, Renewable Energy, Power, Paper, Toys, Furniture, Food Processing, Pharmaceutical, Textile, and allied industries have their presence in the SEZ.
Sri City SEZ started in 2007 by Dr Y.S Rajasekhar Reddy late Chief Minister of United Andhra Pradesh with an objective of radically transforming the economic landscape of the backward regions of Satyavedu and Varadiahpalem mandals in Andhra Pradesh. It became operational in 2009 and is now one of the most coveted business destinations in the country. At present the zone spans a total of 1088.581 Hectares, which includes a Processing Area of 609.780 Ha, Non-Processing Area of 478.801 Ha, and a Free Trade & Warehousing Zone of 24.12 Ha.
The Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR), India's satellite/rocket launching centre is located at Sriharikota, on the eastern side of the Pulicat Lake which separates Sri City and the satellite launching station.
The name Sri City is inspired by the title sri derived from Sanskrit. Sri is the sacred sound of cosmic auspiciousness and abundance in the Hindu religion. Written as sri, shree, sree or shri, it stands for abundance, auspiciousness, affluence, grace, wealth, light, luster, splendor, beauty, loveliness and authority. The symbol has been used since Vedic times. Holiness is attached to the word when written or spoken. It is also added before a name to show respect. Sri is the beginning of the name of renowned temple towns in the region such as Srirangam, Srikalahasti, Sriperumbudur and Sriharikota. The world-famous temple city of Tirupati the abode of Lord Sri Venkateshwara (aka Srinivasa, Balaji) is also located near Sri City. After the symbol aum (ॐ) and the swastika, sri is the most popular symbol used in Hinduism. Sri is also the sacred of Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity.
The district has hundreds of monuments, memorial rocks and memorials. The historical memorials date back to over 1000 years.
The history of the district, which was carved out in 1905 from then Cuddapah, Nellore and North Arcot districts, has been shaped by the ups and downs of several Dravidian kingdoms. It was a British military post until 1884. Back to 1000 years when the region was dominated by Vijayanagara Empire and is linked with the Aravidu dynasty.
It is situated between north latitudes of 13°29’50" & 13°34’40" and east longitudes of 79°57’30" & 80°02’50", at an average elevation of about 20 metres above MSL (66 ft) covering parts of Chittoor district and Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. It is alongside NH 5 which forms part of the Golden Quadrilateral. A creek (Karipeti Kalava) flows through Sri City passing through a number of lakes on the way to joining Pulicat Lake north of Tada. There is a state forest on the western boundary. The Telugu Ganga project carrying Krishna River water to Chennai passes along the western boundary of Sri City.
The soils of the area can be broadly classified as:
- Latosolic developed on the coastal laterite
- Yellow podzolic soils formed on the sandy sheet of alluvium
- The transition located at the contact of laterite and alluvium is podozolic–latosolic soil
- mid-May to mid-August – southwest monsoon
- mid-August to mid-October – transition / calm period
- mid-October to mid-January – northeast monsoon
- mid-January to mid-May – transition / calm period
Trees – Red sanders wood is the speciality of this area. It is the heartwood of Pterocarpus santalinus, a small tree indigenous to Southern India and the Philippines. During the Middle Ages it was classed as a spice and used for culinary purposes, and at one time it was supposed to possess medicinal properties. It is also called raktachandan. The literal meaning of raktachandan is blood coloured sandalwood. This kind of wood has a special and rust red colour and it is used to carve a number of products including panels, framework and traditional dolls.
Among the birds, the large grey babbler, great grey shrike, king crow, myna, bee-eater hoopoe, swift, vulture, eagle, kite, owl, sand grouse, quail, partridge, green pigeon and peacock are found in the district. Herbivores in the district include sambar, blackbuck, chital, wild sheep, mouse deer, hare and rabbit.
Sricity Nature Society works towards preservation of natural biodiversity and conservation of flora and fauna in and around Sri City through various intervention programs and awareness activities with the help of the student and resident communities in and around Sri City.
Sri City forms part of Satyavedu and Varadaiahpalem mandals of Chittoor District. It is part of the Satyavedu constituency and Tirupati MP constituency. As per 2011 census the total population of the satyavedu constituency is 2,77,010, with a literacy rate of 78.98, well over national rate of Literacy in India which stand at 74.04%.
Moving with times, Sri City has emerged into a business hub for large and medium scale industries, such as Engineering, Electronics, Automotive, Aerospace, Apparel, Renewable Energy, Biotech/Pharma, Sporting Equipment & Toys, Logistics and Warehousing, IT/ITES/BPO, Education & Training Institutes, other Eco-Friendly Industries.
The Industrial Zone includes a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) for Export Oriented Industry and Domestic Tariff Zone (DTZ) for Domestic Industry. It is a business destination for global companies to establish Manufacturing, Services and Trading operations in India.
The SEZ is administered by Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) & Industrial Area Local Authority (IALA). The Government appointed officer controls the planning and building approval processes. A Commissioner appointed by the Government of India, Ministry of Commerce, administers the (SEZ) area.
Sricity is located in close proximity to Asian Highway 45. The Tirupati Airport is the nearest domestic airport (82 km) and Chennai International Airport is the nearest international airport (86 km). Tada and Arambakkam railways stations are nearest railway stations to Sricity. Chennai Port and Ennore Ports are the nearest port to the town. While, Krishnapatnam Port is located 100 km (62 mi) to the north of Sri City.
Places of interestEdit
The district boasts few of the finest ancient/modern temples of the country. The archaeological treasures unearthed from the town and its adjoining areas occupy the pride of place at different museums. The Chandragiri Fort is known for its architectural marvels including the Srikalahasti temple.
Tirumala Venkateswara Temple at Tirupati, Goddess Padmavathi temple at Thiruchanoor, Srikalahasti temple, Chengalamma temple in Sullurpeta, Parshwanatha Jain Temple at Chandragiri etc., are the nearby religious tourist destinations to Sricity.
Pulicat Lake, Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary, Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary Tada Falls or Ubbalamadugu Falls, Nagalapuram Falls, Satish Dhawan Space Center are the nearby tourist destinations.
List of Companies in Sri City
- "Sri city".
- "SEZ Benefits in India".
-  Tirupati MP also pointed out that Sri City was in close proximity to NH16 & 2 International Airports – Chennai and Tirupati.
-  Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR) located on the eastern side of the Pulicate Lake separating Sricity and the Satellite Launching Station – Source – Google Maps
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Places to visit near sriharikota (shar) | About Sriharikota-Source-Website on Sriharikota Range (SHAR)
-  Meaning of Sri / Shri / Shree / Sree
-  Cheruvi-Sricity-Temple-visit-Source-Temples Revival-Voluntary organization by Indian youngsters to revive & maintain our past glory- temples!!
-  Complete District History
-  Sri City, Andhra Pradesh-Source-Google Maps
-  Geobotany of red sanders ( Pterocarpus santalinus ) – a case study from the southeastern portion of Andhra Pradesh by K. K. Raju and A. Nagaraju
-  People from different states like Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha work in Sri City
- "WELCOME TO CENSUS OF INDIA : Census India Library". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- Demographics of India, 2001 Census
- "Financial Express". financialexpress.com. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "SEZ India - Customers, Clients, Special Economic Zone, VRV, Venture, Busanaremaja Agracipta, EURA, BFG, Free Trade Zone, Industrial Park, SEZ". www.sricity.in. Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
-  Multi-product SEZ at Nellore-Source-Financial Express
-  SEZs Assisted by APIIC-Source-Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation
-  Sri City Master-planned by Jurong Consultants, Singapore – Source – Site Selection Magazine Online
-  Sri City SEZ eyes Rs 20,000-cr turnover-Source-The Hindu Business Line
- "'Set up Nano car project in Sathyavedu SEZ'". The Hindu. 31 August 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "TADA/Tada (3 PFs) Railway Station Map/Atlas – India Rail Info". India Rail Info. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Train Arrival Timings Sullurupeta/SPE-Source-indiarailinfo.com
- Special Economic Zones in India: Recent Developments and Future Prospects, Sri City distance from Chennai, Ennore and Krishnapattnam Ports, refer Page 8-Source-Indian Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore 
-  Images of Changalamma Temple at Sullurpeta on Nellore District Website-Source Govetment of India
- "Parshvanath Temple built in the 15th Century-Chandragiri". Archived from the original on 23 September 2010.
- "Pulicat Lake Tourism".
-  Google Map showing Driving directions from Sricity to Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary
- "'Save Tada Falls' Mission Sees Massive Clean-Up". indiaprwire.com. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
-  Ladies trek to Nagalapuram, Dec 2010