Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple

Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple or Sri Perumal Temple (Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் ஸ்ரீநிவாசப் பெருமாள் கோயில்) is one of the oldest temples in Singapore. It is located in Little India within the planning area of Kallang along Serangoon Road, where its tall Gopuram (tower) shows the different incarnations of Lord Vishnu. This large complex, dedicated to Vishnu, dates from 1855, but the 20-metres-tall Gopuram was only built in 1966 at a cost of S$300,000. The temple's five-tier Gopuram was a donation from P. Govindasamy Pillai, one of the earliest Indian migrants to Singapore. In 1978, the temple was gazetted as a National monument of Singapore.[1]

Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple
ஸ்ரீ ஸ்ரீநிவாசப்பெருமாள் கோவில்
斯里尼瓦沙柏鲁马兴都庙
Níwǎshā Bòlŭmă Xīngdūmiào
Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple, Sep 06.JPG
The gopuram of Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DeityVishnu
Location
Location397 Serangoon Road, Singapore 218123
CountrySingapore
Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple is located in Singapore
Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple
Location in Singapore
Geographic coordinates1°18′47.8″N 103°51′22.3″E / 1.313278°N 103.856194°E / 1.313278; 103.856194Coordinates: 1°18′47.8″N 103°51′22.3″E / 1.313278°N 103.856194°E / 1.313278; 103.856194
Architecture
TypeDravidian architecture
CreatorP. Govindasamy Pillai
Completed1855; 167 years ago (1855)
Designated10 November 1978; 43 years ago (1978-11-10)
Reference no.17
Website
Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple
Sri Srinivasa Temple entrance hallway.
Main entrance hallway of Sri Srinivasa Temple.

HistoryEdit

In 1851, the temple's land was purchased from the East India Company and finished construction in 1855. It was initially known as Sri Narasimha Perumal Temple.

A wedding hall was constructed and was officially opened on 19 June 1965 by the first president of Singapore, Yusof Ishak.

In the period that followed, on the advice of elders, the temple's main deity was changed from Narasimha Perumal to Srinivasa Perumal and the temple was renamed as Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple.[2]

On 10 November 1978, the temple was gazetted as a national monument of Singapore.[3]

ArchitectureEdit

The area around the Perumal Temple was once filled with ponds and vegetable gardens. A stream used to lead into the temple and was an important source for devotees to ritually cleanse themselves before beginning worship. Inside the temple's inner courtyard, a well marks the spot where the stream used to flow. There is also a Tulasi (basil) plant, the Hindus' symbolic holy bush.

Inside the temple you will find a statue of Perumal, or Vishnu, his consorts Lakshmi and Andal, and his bird-mount, Garuda. Perumal Temple is at the centre of the Hindu trinity made up of Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver, and Shiva the destroyer. The temple is dedicated to Krishna, one of the incarnations of Vishnu. Perumal is another name for Krishna and statues of him - coloured blue to signify blue-blood - are everywhere in the temple. There are also statues, Lakshmi and Andal, the goddesses of wealth and beauty respectively, and of his mount, the mythical Garuda bird. The temple ceiling is dominated by a colourful circular pattern depicting the nine planets of the universe.

There are separate sanctums for Chakrathaazhvar and Lord Hanuman.

This temple is the starting point for devotees during the annual Thaipusam festival. Devotees, their tongues and cheeks pierced by great metal skewers supporting kavadi (cage-like constructions decorated with wire and peacock feathers), make their way to the Chettiar Hindu Temple on Tank Road in this colourful procession. This is done in gratitude or supplication to Lord Murugan.

AccessEdit

The temple is accessed within walking distance of Farrer Park MRT station on the North East line.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple | Infopedia". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  2. ^ "Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple".
  3. ^ "164-year-old Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple restored in consecration ceremony witnessed by PM Lee". The Straits Times. 22 April 2018.