Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Yadadri

Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple or simply known as Yadadri or Yadagirigutta temple,[1] (also known as Pancha Narasimha Kshetram and Rishi Aradhana Kshetram)[2] is a Hindu temple situated on a hillock in the small town of Yadagirigutta in the Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district of the Indian state of Telangana. The temple is an abode of Narasimha, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

Yadadrigutta Temple
శ్రీ లక్ష్మీ నరసింహ స్వామి వారి ఆలయం
Bhongir/Bhuvanagiri town
Temple on Hilltop
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictYadadri Bhuvanagiri
DeityLord Narasimha and Lakshmi
Location
LocationYadagirigutta
StateTelangana
CountryIndia
Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Yadadri is located in Telangana
Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Yadadri
Location in Telangana
Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Yadadri is located in India
Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Yadadri
Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Yadadri (India)
Geographic coordinates17°35′21″N 78°56′41″E / 17.5892°N 78.9446°E / 17.5892; 78.9446Coordinates: 17°35′21″N 78°56′41″E / 17.5892°N 78.9446°E / 17.5892; 78.9446
Architecture
TypeDravidian Architecture
Website
https://yadadritemple.telangana.gov.in/
Hillock of Yadadri

In 2016 a large expansion and rebuilding of the temple began and completed by March 2022.[3]

Temple legendEdit

According to Skanda Purana, Yada Maharishi, son of venerated Maharshi Rishyasringa performed penance here to Lord Vishnu as Narasimha. Being pleased with his penance lord appeared before him and manifested himself in five forms: Jwaalaa Narasimha, Gandabheranda Narasimha, Yogananda Narasimha, Ugra Narasimha and Lakshmi Narasimha .[4] Yada Maharishi begged Narasimha to remain on the hill in these forms. For this reason, the Lakshmi-Narasimhadeva temple on the hilltop has deities of Narasimha in all five forms embedded in stone in the main cave. Historically, the temple has followed the Thenkalai tradition of the Vaishnava Agama Shastras as followed in South India.[5]

Deities in the templeEdit

The temple is in a cave about 12 feet high by 30 feet long, located in back of the temple hall, by the rear pillar. You take a stairway down into the chamber and then toward the back. Jwala Narasimha is in the shape of serpent, while Yogananda Narasimha appears sitting in meditation in yoga pose. You will also see silver deities of Lakshmi-Narasimha, which are quite striking in appearance and lends presence of seeing them. To the right of the temple main door is a Hanuman temple. You'll see a long horizontal gap in the rock just below Hanuman. This is said to be where Gandabheranda Narasimha manifested. This is a very popular temple. It is said that any wish of a sincere devotee visiting this temple will be fulfilled.[6][7] The sanctum sanctorum or Garbhagriha is located in a cave, under a huge slating rock, which covers half the abode.

New Yadadri TempleEdit

A new temple is being built at the old temple site. For use until the new temple is completed, a temporary temple, Balalayam, was built. The entire Yadadri temple renovated with the Krishna Sila (Black stone) is going to become known for its uniqueness.[8] The new temple has been inaugurated on 28 March 2022 by Chief Minister of Telangana K. Chandrasekhar Rao.[9]

Donations and RenovationsEdit

The Chief Minister of Telangana, K. Chandrashekhar Rao initiated the renovation of the temple, and approved a final layout [10] Major renovation of the temple is being taken up with a budget of ₹1800 crores.[11][12] The work started in 2016 and is being executed and completed in March 2022 by Yadadri Temple Development Authority (YTDA).[13] The temple owned 39 kilos of gold and 1,753 tonnes of silver for lining the gopurams and walls in the temple. The centuries-old practice of using lime mortar to join different stone parts is being used.[14] The YTDA acquired around 1900 acres by spending ₹300 crores.[15] He also constructed houses near vishnu gundam (a place for taking bath).

The Seventh Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan during his time had passed a grant of Rs.82,825 to this temple.[16][17][18]

SectionsEdit

The sections of the temple include the main temple, Mukha Mandapam, seven gopurams (domes) with wooden roofs, vratha peetham, Swamy Vari Udyana Vanam, kalyana mandapam, satram etc. The pillars of 12 Alvars (those immersed in God) in the main temple is a significant feature.[19]

The temple entrance arch will depict Mahābhūta (the five elements). there is vishnu gundam. It is also proved that when we bath, all bad things are washed away from us.

Temple architectureEdit

 
The main gopuram in 2014.

The architecture of the temple is based on Agama Shashtra. The temple is built entirely in stone. The temple was earlier built on 2 acres. After demolishing all structures on the temple hillock, the base for the temple is now 14 acres.

DesignEdit

The principal film set designer is Anand Sai and lead architect P Madhusudhan, chosen for their understanding of the ancient designs based on silpa and Agama principles. The entire temple is built in stone. The stone designs in Yadadri were provided by the chief sthapathi of the temple, Sundararajan Srinivasan.[20]

SculpturesEdit

Three types of stones are being used for the temple like Krishna Sila (also known as Purusha Sila) for presiding deities in the sanctum sanctorum; Sthri Sila for deities of Goddesses; and Napunsaka Sila used for flooring, walls etc. Black granite stone is also used, based on the temple architecture of the Kakatiya Dynasty in Telangana. The black granite stone has tiny pores, and it becomes strong and hard when milk, curd, oil and other liquids get into those pores, according to learned shilipis (sculpture experts).

TransportEdit

Yadagirigutta is well connected by both rail and road. It is about 55 km from Uppal, a major suburb of Hyderabad and 65 km from Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station at Hyderabad. A new bus stand is built on a 15 acres, as a part of new temple development.[21] The proposed Hyderabad Regional Ring Road passes through Yadagirigutta.

The nearest railway stations are Raigiri about 5 km away and Bhuvanagiri, a major town of Hyderabad Metropolitan Region about 13 km away. Raigir railway station has been renamed as Yadadri(YADD) by South Central Railway in line with the new nomenclature of the temple town.[22] The Hyderabad MMTS - Phase II is planned, to be extended from Ghatkesar to Raigir station, which is 5 km from Yadagirigutta.[23] A metro train is proposed between Uppal and Yadagirigutta.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Yadagirigutta is now renamed as Yadadri". 6 March 2015.
  2. ^ Yadadri Development in Bangaru Telangana
  3. ^ "1,000-year old Yadadri temple in Telangana gets complete makeover". 24 March 2021.
  4. ^ "Yadadri Development in Bangaru Telangana". The Hans India.
  5. ^ Sri Vaishnava Divya Desams (108 Tiruppathis Sung by Azhwars): Along with a Selected List of Some Abhimana Sthalams in India. Sri Visishtadvaitha Pracharini Sabha. 1972. p. 132.
  6. ^ Knapp, Stephen (1 January 2009). Spiritual India Handbook. Jaico Publishing House. ISBN 9788184950243 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "History of the Cult of Narasimha in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh: From Ancient to the Modern Period". Radha & Sons. 21 June 1989 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ "Telangana to get its own Tirumala in Yadadri temple project".
  9. ^ "Telangana CM KCR Performs Pooja at Grand Inauguration of Yadadri Temple". 28 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Yadadri temple layout finalised". 1 September 2015.
  11. ^ "Telangana rebuilds ancient temple". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Telangana's Yadadri temple artisans hammer away at religious divides". 2 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Telangana: After 5 years of renovation, Yadadri temple to reopen on March 28 next year | Hyderabad News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  14. ^ "Yadadri temple works in Telangana at brisk pace".
  15. ^ "Master Plan for Developing Yadadri Temple". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Nizam gave funding for temples, and Hindu educational institutions". missiontelangana. 28 May 2013. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  17. ^ "A 'miser' who donated generously". thehindu. 24 May 2013.
  18. ^ "Nizam gave funding for temples, and Hindu educational institutions". missiontelangana. 28 May 2013. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  19. ^ "Yadadri temple works in Telangana at brisk pace".
  20. ^ "Yadagirigutta: Making a temple out of a mountain". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  21. ^ "Bus stand to be developed in 15 acres at Yadagirigutta".
  22. ^ "Raigir station renamed as Yadadri by SCR". 21 September 2020.
  23. ^ "Prabhu's boost to KCR'S temple tourism dream - Times of India". The Times of India.

External linksEdit