Square and Compass, Worth Matravers
The Square and Compass is a Grade II listed public house in Worth Matravers, Dorset. Built in the 18th century as a pair of cottages before becoming a public house, the Square and Compass got its name in 1830 from a landlord who had been a stonemason. The building includes a museum of fossils and other local artefacts and the pub is one of only nine nationally that has been included in every edition of CAMRA's Good Beer Guide.
|Square and Compass|
The Square and Compass
|Former names||The Sloop|
|Architectural style||18th century cottage|
|Classification||Grade II listed|
In 2015, the landlord built a sculpture of tree trunks, dubbed Woodhenge. He was told to take it down by the local council, but after an online petition he was allowed to keep it standing for two years.
The public house was originally built in the 18th century as a pair of cottages. In 1776 it became 'The Sloop', an alehouse with connections to smuggling. In approximately 1830 the landlord, Charles Bower, changed the name to the Square and Compass, as he had been a stonemason. It was bought by Charlie Newman in 1907, great-grandfather of the current proprietor of the same name. At the time it included oil lamps, no running water or flushing toilets and no bar counter. The lights are now powered by electricity and there is running water, but there is still no bar counter - drinks are served through two serving hatches.
The pub is named after Square and Compasses, the tools used by carpenters and stonemasons. It is known as Sqump to its regulars, the Square and Compass was popular amongst the Telecommunications Research Establishment scientists in Purbeck, who knew the inn as Sine and Cosine.
The public house includes a small museum which displays fossils and local artefacts. The artefacts were collected by the current landlord and his father, with the majority of fossils collected locally. In 2014, the Square and Compass won the Good Pub Guide's award for Unspoilt Pub of the Year. It is one of just nine pubs, known as the 'Perfect Nine', to have featured in all 37 editions of CAMRA's Good Beer Guide.
The Square and Compass was built in the 18th century of rubble stone walls, stone chimney stacks and a stone stale roof. It is a single story building with an attic, which has been converted to include dormer windows. The nearby outbuildings which are of a similar construction have been converted to include garage doors. The building is built on a T-shape plan; there is a two-story wing to the left of the building which extends to the front and rear, which has plastered walls. The structure became a Grade II listed building on 13 December 1984.
Inside the pub are two simple rooms with flagstones, a woodburner and basic furniture. There is no bar, instead drinks are served through two serving hatches. In the garden outside the benches and tables are made of stone. It is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors.
The landlord of the Square and Compass, Charlie Newman, built a tree trunk sculpture known as Woodhenge, in the field near the public house. The trunks were originally planned to be used for firewood, before Newman built the structure, which was complete in time for the summer solstice in 2015. Built from two trees, one 7.6 metres (25 ft) high, Newman described the Woodhenge as "a bit of fun". The structure is 10 metres (33 ft) wide and 3.5 metres (11 ft) high, weighing about 35 tonnes (34 long tons; 39 short tons). Newman was initially instructed to dismantle the sculpture by Purbeck District Council after a complaint from the public, as the field is within the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and did not meet planning regulations. After an online petition, the council decided that the structure could remain for two years.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Square and Compass, Worth Matravers.|
- Historic England. "The Square and Compass Inn (1151928)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- "Square and Compass - About". squareandcompasspub.co.uk. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
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- The dictionary of pub names. Ware, Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Editions. 2006. p. 370. ISBN 9781840222661.
- Haysom, Peter Jackson, David (2014). Covert radar and signals interception. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Aviation. p. 15. ISBN 9781783462681.
- Jenkins, Terence (2013). "An unsung hero of medicine". Further afield with Terence Jenkins. Leicester: Matador. p. 53. ISBN 9781783060283.
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- Edgell, Tim. Dorset Pubs & Breweries. Amberley Publishing Limited. p. 50. ISBN 9781445627885.
- "Square and Compass". Historic England. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- Brandwood, Geoff (2013). Britain's best real heritage pubs. St. Albans: CAMRA. pp. 36–37. ISBN 9781852493042.
- "Petition to halt Jurassic Coast's 'Woodhenge' removal". BBC News. 30 July 2015.
- "Purbeck pub owner creates 'Woodhenge' - but council want to take it down". Bournemouth Echo. 28 July 2015.
- "Jurassic Coast's wooden Stonehenge in Dorset allowed to stay". BBC News. 27 January 2016.