Korabl-Sputnik 4 (Russian: Корабль-Спутник 4 meaning Ship-Satellite 4) or Vostok-3KA No.1, also known as Sputnik 9 in the West, was a Soviet spacecraft which was launched in 1961. Carrying the mannequin Ivan Ivanovich, a dog named Chernushka, some mice and a guinea pig, it was a test flight of the Vostok spacecraft.
|Harvard designation||1961 Theta 1|
|Mission duration||1 hour, 41 minutes|
|Launch mass||4,700 kilograms (10,400 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||9 March 1961, 06:29:00UTC|
|Rocket||Vostok-K 8K72K s/n E103-14|
|Launch site||Baikonur 1/5|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||9 March 1961, 08:09:54UTC|
|Perigee altitude||173 kilometres (107 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||239 kilometres (149 mi)|
Korabl-Sputnik 4 was launched at 06:29:00 UTC on 9 March 1961, atop a Vostok-K carrier rocket flying from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. It was successfully placed into low Earth orbit. The spacecraft was only intended to complete a single orbit, so it was deorbited shortly after launch, and reentered on its first pass over the Soviet Union. It landed at 08:09:54 UTC, and was successfully recovered. During the descent, the mannequin was ejected from the spacecraft in a test of its ejection seat, and descended separately under its own parachute.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
- Wade, Mark. "Vostok". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- Gray, Tara (1998). "A Brief History of Animals in Space". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 3 May 2007.
- Wade, Mark. "Soyuz". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2010.