Louisville Bats

  (Redirected from Springfield Redbirds)

The Louisville Bats are a Minor League Baseball team of the Triple-A East and the Triple-A affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds. They are located in Louisville, Kentucky, and are named in dual reference to the winged mammal and baseball bats, such as those manufactured locally under the Louisville Slugger brand. The team plays their home games at Louisville Slugger Field, which opened in 2000. The Bats previously played at Cardinal Stadium from 1982 to 1999.

Louisville Bats
Founded in 1982
Louisville, Kentucky
Louisville Bats logo.svg LouisvilleBatsCapNavy.png
Team logo Cap insignia
Minor league affiliations
ClassTriple-A (1982–present)
LeagueTriple-A East (2021–present)
DivisionMidwest Division
Previous leagues
Major league affiliations
TeamCincinnati Reds (2000–present)
Previous teams
Minor league titles
League titles (4)
  • 1984
  • 1985
  • 1995
  • 2001
Division titles (8)
  • 1983
  • 1985
  • 1998
  • 2001
  • 2003
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
Team data
NameLouisville Bats (2002–present)
Previous names
  • Louisville RiverBats (1999–2001)
  • Louisville Redbirds (1982–1998)
ColorsRed, navy, white[1]
     
MascotBuddy Bat
BallparkLouisville Slugger Field (2000–present)
Previous parks
Owner(s)/
Operator(s)
MC Sports Acquisition[2]
PresidentVacant[3]
ManagerPat Kelly

The club began play as the Louisville Redbirds in the Triple-A American Association (AA) in 1982. Louisville won three AA championships: in 1984, 1985, and 1995 as the top affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals. They joined the Triple-A International League (IL) in 1998 following the dissolution of the AA after the 1997 season. The Redbirds rebranded as the Louisville RiverBats in 1999; this was shortened to Bats in 2002. Their lone IL championship was won in 2001 with Cincinnati. In conjunction with Major League Baseball's restructuring of Minor League Baseball in 2021, the Bats were shifted to the Triple-A East.

HistoryEdit

American Association (1982–1997)Edit

In 1982, the St. Louis Cardinals moved their Triple-A team of the American Association (AA), the Springfield Redbirds, from Springfield, Illinois, to Louisville, Kentucky, where they became the Louisville Redbirds. They played their home games at Cardinal Stadium, which was located at the Kentucky Exposition Center and seated over 30,000 people.[4] The stadium previously hosted the Louisville Colonels from 1957 to 1972.[4]

During their inaugural 1982 season, the Redbirds broke the minor league attendance record by drawing 868,418 people to Cardinal Stadium.[5] On the field, the team narrowly missed the playoffs when they finished in second place, just one-and-a-half games out of first at 73–62.[6] In 1983, the Redbirds became the first minor league team to draw over one million fans in a single season (1,052,438).[4] The team improved to league-best 78–57 and won the Eastern Division title, which qualified them for the postseason. Though Louisville won the semifinals versus the Oklahoma City 89ers, 3–2, they lost the AA championship to the Denver Bears, 4–0, in the finals.[7] Manager Jim Fregosi was selected as the AA Manager of the Year.[8] The franchise was awarded the 1983 John H. Johnson President's Award, recognizing them as the "complete baseball franchise—based on franchise stability, contributions to league stability, contributions to baseball in the community, and promotion of the baseball industry."[9]

 
Jim Fregosi led Louisville to win back-to-back AA titles in 1984 and 1985.

Fergosi led the Redbirds to win back-to-back American Association championships in 1984 and 1985. The 1984 squad won the semifinals against the Indianapolis Indians, 4–2, before winning their first league title over the Denver Zephyrs, 4–1.[10] Their second came the next season after winning the 1985 Eastern Division title and defeating Oklahoma City, 4–1, in the only round of playoffs.[11] Fergosi won his second Manager of the Year Award for the 1985 campaign.[8]

The 1987 team made a return to the postseason, but they were eliminated by Indianapolis, 3–2, in the semifinals.[12] Outfielder Lance Johnson was honored with both the AA Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award and Rookie of the Year Award.[8] Louisville regularly finished third or fourth in their four-team division over the next six seasons. A pair of Redbirds won league awards, however, during this period. René Arocha was selected as the 1992 Most Valuable Pitcher, and catcher Todd Zeile was the 1989 Rookie of the Year.[8] The team qualified for a playoff spot in 1994, but they were quickly swept out of the semifinals, 3–0, by Indianapolis.[13] The Redbirds came back in 1995 to sweep Indianapolis in the semis before winning a third AA championship versus the Buffalo Bisons, 3–2, behind manager Joe Pettini.[14]

International League (1998–2020)Edit

Louisville experienced a number of changes around the turn of the millennium. The American Association, of which the Redbirds had been members since 1982, disbanded after the 1997 season. Its teams were absorbed by the two remaining Triple-A leagues—the International League (IL) and Pacific Coast League (PCL), with Louisville joining the IL. Their 16-year relationship with the St. Louis Cardinals also ended after the 1997 season when the Cardinals chose to move their Triple-A affiliation to the Memphis Redbirds, a PCL expansion team which was located closer to St. Louis. Louisville then became the top farm club of the Milwaukee Brewers in 1998. They started their time in the IL by winning the Western Division title, but in the Governors' Cup playoffs, they were eliminated in the semifinals by the Durham Bulls, 3–0.[15] In 1999, the team rebranded as the Louisville RiverBats.[16] The name was a dual reference to Louisville's location on the Ohio River and baseball bats, such as those manufactured locally under the Louisville Slugger brand. Their new logos incorporated a bat (the animal) swinging a baseball bat.[17] After a second season with the Brewers, Louisville entered into a new affiliation with the Cincinnati Reds in 2000. They also left Cardinal Stadium for the new US$27.8 million Louisville Slugger Field.[18] Located in downtown Louisville, the new ballpark seats 13,131 people with a more intimate setting than their previous facility.[19]

 
Louisville Slugger Field, home of the Louisville Bats since 2000

In 2001, manager Dave Miley led the RiverBats to an 84–60 record and the Western Division title. They defeated the Norfolk Tides, 3–2, in the semifinals to advance to the final round against the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons. Louisville won the first game of the series, 2–1, before the September 11 terrorist attacks resulted in the cancellation of the rest of the playoffs. The RiverBats were declared the International League champions for 2001.[20]

Louisville dropped "River" from its name to become simply the Louisville Bats in 2002.[16] Outfielder Raúl González won that season's IL MVP Award.[21] The team returned to the playoffs in 2003, with another division title, but they were ousted in the semifinals by Durham, 3–1.[22] In 2007, first baseman Joey Votto was selected for the IL Rookie of the Year Award.[21] The Bats made three consecutive trips to the postseason from 2008 to 2010 with back-to-back-to-back division titles, but they were eliminated by Durham each time in the semifinals.[23][24][25] Rick Sweet won the IL Manager of the Year Award in 2008 and 2009, and Justin Lehr won the Most Valuable Pitcher Award in 2009.[21] Typically finishing third or fourth out of four teams in the Western Division, Louisville did not again qualify for the Governors' Cup playoffs after 2010.

Right fielder Aristides Aquino was selected as the 2019 IL Rookie of the Year.[21] The start of the 2020 season was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic before being cancelled on June 30.[26][27]

Triple-A East (2021–present)Edit

Following the 2020 season, Major League Baseball assumed control of Minor League Baseball in a move to increase player salaries, modernize facility standards, and reduce travel. The Cincinnati Reds retained Louisville as their Triple-A affiliate, but the International League disbanded, and the Bats followed the other IL teams into the Triple-A East.[28] Louisville ended the season in sixth place in the Midwestern Division with a 51–68 record.[29] No playoffs were held to determine a league champion; instead, the team with the best regular-season record was the declared the winner.[30] However, 10 games that had been postponed from the start of the season were reinserted into the schedule as a postseason tournament called the Triple-A Final Stretch in which all 30 Triple-A clubs competed for the highest winning percentage over that stretch.[30] Louisville finished the tournament tied for 18th place with a 4–5 record.[31]

Season-by-season recordsEdit

Table key
League The team's final position in the league standings
Division The team's final position in the divisional standings
GB Games behind the team that finished in first place in the division that season
  Class champions (1983–present)
  League champions (1982–present)
* Division champions (1982–present)
^ Postseason berth (1982–present)
Season-by-season records
Season League Regular season Postseason MLB affiliate Ref.
Record Win % League Division GB Record Win % Result
1982 AA 73–62 .541 2nd (tie) 2nd (tie) 1+12 St. Louis Cardinals [6]
1983
*
AA 78–57 .578 1st 1st 3–6 .333 Won Eastern Division title
Won semifinals vs. Oklahoma City 89ers, 3–2
Lost AA championship vs. Denver Bears, 4–0[7]
St. Louis Cardinals [32]
1984
^  
AA 79–76 .510 4th 12+12 8–3 .727 Won semifinals vs. Indianapolis Indians, 4–2
Won AA championship vs. Denver Zephyrs, 4–1[10]
St. Louis Cardinals [33]
1985
*  
AA 74–68 .521 3rd 1st 4–1 .800 Won Eastern Division title
Won AA championship vs. Oklahoma City 89ers, 4–1[11]
St. Louis Cardinals [34]
1986 AA 64–78 .451 7th 4th 16 St. Louis Cardinals [35]
1987
^
AA 78–62 .557 2nd 1 2–3 .400 Lost semifinals vs. Indianapolis Indians, 3–2[12] St. Louis Cardinals [36]
1988 AA 63–79 .444 8th 4th 26 St. Louis Cardinals [37]
1989 AA 71–74 .490 5th 4th 15+12 St. Louis Cardinals [38]
1990 AA 74–72 .507 4th 3rd 11+12 St. Louis Cardinals [39]
1991 AA 51–92 .357 8th 4th 30 St. Louis Cardinals [40]
1992 AA 73–70 .510 4th 3rd 13+12 St. Louis Cardinals [41]
1993 AA 68–76 .472 6th 3rd 13+12 St. Louis Cardinals [42]
1994
^
AA 74–68 .521 4th 11+12 0–3 .000 Lost semifinals vs. Indianapolis Indians, 3–0[13] St. Louis Cardinals [43]
1995
^  
AA 74–70 .514 4th 14 6–2 .750 Won semifinals vs. Indianapolis Indians, 3–0
Won AA championship vs. Buffalo Bisons, 3–2[14]
St. Louis Cardinals [44]
1996 AA 60–84 .417 7th 4th 24 St. Louis Cardinals [45]
1997 AA 58–85 .406 8th 4th 28+12 St. Louis Cardinals [46]
1998
*
IL 77–67 .535 5th 1st 0–3 .000 Won Western Division title
Lost semifinals vs. Durham Bulls, 3–0[15]
Milwaukee Brewers [47]
1999 IL 63–81 .438 11th 3rd 21+12 Milwaukee Brewers [48]
2000 IL 71–73 .493 9th 3rd 10 Cincinnati Reds [49]
2001
*  
IL 84–60 .583 3rd 1st 4–2 .667 Won Western Division title
Won semifinals vs. Norfolk Tides, 3–2
Won IL championship vs. Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons, 1–0[a][20]
Cincinnati Reds [50]
2002 IL 79–65 .549 6th 2nd 2 Cincinnati Reds [51]
2003
*
IL 79–64 .552 2nd 1st 1–3 .250 Won Western Division title
Lost semifinals vs. Durham Bulls, 3–1[22]
Cincinnati Reds [52]
2004 IL 67–77 .465 10th 2nd 13 Cincinnati Reds [53]
2005 IL 66–78 .458 11th 4th 23 Cincinnati Reds [54]
2006 IL 75–68 .524 6th 3rd 1+12 Cincinnati Reds [55]
2007 IL 74–70 .514 7th 2nd 8+12 Cincinnati Reds [56]
2008
*
IL 88–56 .611 1st (tie) 1st 1–3 .250 Won Western Division title
Lost semifinals vs. Durham Bulls, 3–1[23]
Cincinnati Reds [57]
2009
*
IL 84–58 .592 1st 1st 2–3 .400 Won Western Division title
Lost semifinals vs. Durham Bulls, 3–2[24]
Cincinnati Reds [58]
2010
*
IL 79–64 .552 3rd 1st 2–3 .400 Won Western Division title
Lost semifinals vs. Durham Bulls, 3–2[25]
Cincinnati Reds [59]
2011 IL 73–71 .507 8th 3rd 15 Cincinnati Reds [60]
2012 IL 51–93 .354 14th 4th 38 Cincinnati Reds [61]
2013 IL 69–75 .479 9th 3rd 11 Cincinnati Reds [62]
2014 IL 68–75 .476 9th 4th 10+12 Cincinnati Reds [63]
2015 IL 64–80 .444 11th 3rd 19 Cincinnati Reds [64]
2016 IL 71–73 .493 6th 2nd 11 Cincinnati Reds [65]
2017 IL 56–86 .394 13th 4th 23 Cincinnati Reds [66]
2018 IL 61–76 .445 13th 4th 11 Cincinnati Reds [67]
2019 IL 59–81 .421 13th (tie) 4th 22 Cincinnati Reds [68]
2020 IL Season cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic)[27] Cincinnati Reds [69]
2021 AAAE 51–68 .429 15th 6th 17+12 4–5 .444 Won series vs. Toledo Mud Hens, 3–2
Lost series vs. Columbus Clippers, 3–1
Placed 18th (tie) in the Triple-A Final Stretch[31]
Cincinnati Reds [29]
Totals 2,721–2,832 .490 37–40 .481

Logos and colorsEdit

 
Buddy Bat, the team mascot

The Louisville Redbirds based their original visual identity on that of their major league parent, the St. Louis Cardinals, from 1982 to 1998. The team's uniforms were of red and white, while their logo featured a cardinal preparing to swing a baseball bat.[70] When they rebranded as the RiverBats in 1999, their color scheme became purple and green, while the logo depicted a bat swinging a baseball bat.[71] When this moniker was shortened to "Bats" in 2002, the palate was switched to purple, black, and gold, and the logo to an abstract bat shape.[72] The Bats' current color scheme of red, navy blue, and white was adopted in 2016. Additionally, the rebranding updated the logo to depict a flying bat in front of a moon, which resembled a baseball, while gripping a baseball bat in its talons.[73]

Radio and televisionEdit

Since 2019, Jim Kelch has been the play-by-play announcer for Bats radio broadcasts. He previously served in the role from 1989 to 2009 before leaving to work for the Cincinnati Reds broadcast team from 2010 to 2017.[74] Other Louisville broadcasters that went on to broadcast for MLB teams include Joe Buck (1989–1990), Todd Kalas (1991), and Mark Neely (1992–1994).

As of 2019, all Bats home and road games were broadcast on WKRD 790 AM. Live audio broadcasts are also available online through the team's website and the MiLB First Pitch app.[74] Games can be viewed through the MiLB.TV subscription feature of the official website of Minor League Baseball, with audio provided by a radio simulcast.[75]

RosterEdit

Players Coaches/Other

Pitchers

Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders


Manager

Coaches

60-day injured list

  7-day injured list
* On Cincinnati Reds 40-man roster
~ Development list
# Rehab assignment
∞ Reserve list
‡ Restricted list
§ Suspended list
± Taxi squad
† Temporarily inactive list
Roster updated August 17, 2021
Transactions
→ More rosters: MiLB • Triple-A East
Cincinnati Reds minor league players

AchievementsEdit

AwardsEdit

The franchise has been awarded these honors by Minor League Baseball.

Minor League Baseball Awards
Award Season Ref.
John H. Johnson President's Award 1983 [9]

Seven players, two managers, and two executives have won league awards in recognition for their performance with Louisville.[8][21]

American Association Awards
Award Recipient Season Ref.
Most Valuable Player Lance Johnson 1987 [8]
Most Valuable Pitcher René Arocha 1992 [8]
Rookie of the Year Lance Johnson 1987 [8]
Rookie of the Year Todd Zeile 1989 [8]
Manager of the Year Jim Fregosi 1983 [8]
Manager of the Year Jim Fregosi 1985 [8]
International League Awards
Award Recipient Season Ref.
Most Valuable Player Raúl González 2002 [21]
Most Valuable Pitcher Justin Lehr 2009 [21]
Rookie of the Year Joey Votto 2007 [21]
Rookie of the Year Aristides Aquino 2019 [21]
Manager of the Year Rick Sweet 2008 [21]
Manager of the Year Rick Sweet 2009 [21]
Executive of the Year Gary Ulmer 2007 [21]
Spirit of the IL Lois Estridge 2014 [21]

Retired numbersEdit

Louisville has honored one of its players by retiring their uniform number. Corky Miller's number 8 was retired on August 31, 2014. A catcher from 2001 to 2004 and 2009 to 2014, Miller held the franchise record for games played (548) and doubles (99) at the time of its retirement.[76]

The Bats also retired the number 1 for Louisville native and Baseball Hall of Famer Harold "Pee Wee" Reese in a ceremony on July 28, 2018.[77] Reese's Brooklyn Dodgers teammate Jackie Robinson, whose number 42 was retired throughout professional baseball on April 15, 1997,[78] was honored at the same ceremony.[77]

ManagersEdit

Louisville has had 17 managers since their inaugural 1982 season.

Manager Season(s)
Joe Frazier 1982
Jim Fregosi 1983–1986
Dave Bialas 1986
Mike Jorgensen 1987–1989
Gaylen Pitts 1990
Mark DeJohn 1991
Jack Krol 1992–1993
Joe Pettini 1994–1996
Gaylen Pitts 1997
Gary Allenson 1998–1999
Dave Miley 2000–2003
Rick Burleson 2003–2004
Rick Sweet 2005–2011
David Bell 2012–2013
Jim Riggleman 2014
Delino DeShields 2015–2017
Pat Kelly 2018
Jody Davis 2019
Pat Kelly 2020–present

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The 2001 playoffs were cancelled in the wake the September 11 terrorist attacks. Louisville, which had won the first game of the series, 2–1, before its cancellation, was declared the winner.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Specific
  1. ^ Fischer, Chadwick (November 13, 2015). "Louisville Bats Unveil New Logos and Uniforms". Louisville Bats. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  2. ^ "Louisville Bats Sale Finalized". Ballpark Digest. February 25, 2015. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  3. ^ "Front Office". Louisville Bats. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Cardinal Stadium". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  5. ^ Reed, William F. (July 11, 1983). "Louisville Is A Major Minor". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  6. ^ a b "1982 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  7. ^ a b "1983 American Association". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "American Association Special Award Winners". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Minor League Baseball Award Winners". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  10. ^ a b "1984 American Association". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  11. ^ a b "1985 American Association". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  12. ^ a b "1985 American Association". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  13. ^ a b "1994 American Association". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  14. ^ a b "1995 American Association". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  15. ^ a b "1998 International League". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  16. ^ a b "Louisville, Kentucky Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  17. ^ "Louisville RiverBats Logo". Sports Logos. November 24, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  18. ^ "Louisville Slugger Field". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  19. ^ "History of Louisville Slugger Field". Louisville Bats. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  20. ^ a b "2001 International League". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "International League Award Winners". International League. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  22. ^ a b "2003 International League". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  23. ^ a b "2008 International League". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  24. ^ a b "2009 International League". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  25. ^ a b "2010 International League". Stats Crew. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  26. ^ "A Message From Pat O'Conner". Minor League Baseball. March 13, 2020. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  27. ^ a b "2020 Minor League Baseball Season Shelved". Minor League Baseball. June 30, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  28. ^ Mayo, Jonathan (February 12, 2021). "MLB Announces New Minors Teams, Leagues". Major League Baseball. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  29. ^ a b "2021 Triple-A East Standings". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  30. ^ a b "MiLB Announces 'Triple-A Final Stretch' for 2021". Minor League Baseball. July 14, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  31. ^ a b "2021 Triple-A Final Stretch Standings". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  32. ^ "1983 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  33. ^ "1984 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  34. ^ "1985 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  35. ^ "1986 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  36. ^ "1987 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  37. ^ "1988 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  38. ^ "1989 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  39. ^ "1990 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  40. ^ "1991 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  41. ^ "1992 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  42. ^ "1993 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  43. ^ "1994 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  44. ^ "1995 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  45. ^ "1996 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  46. ^ "1997 American Association". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  47. ^ "1998 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  48. ^ "1999 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  49. ^ "2000 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  50. ^ "2001 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  51. ^ "2002 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  52. ^ "2003 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  53. ^ "2004 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  54. ^ "2005 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  55. ^ "2006 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  56. ^ "2007 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  57. ^ "2008 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  58. ^ "2009 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  59. ^ "2010 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  60. ^ "2011 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  61. ^ "2012 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  62. ^ "2013 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  63. ^ "2014 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  64. ^ "2015 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  65. ^ "2016 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  66. ^ "2017 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  67. ^ "2018 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  68. ^ "2019 International League". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  69. ^ Gardner, Hayes (February 6, 2020). "Louisville Bats Reintroduce Pat Kelly as Manager". Louisville Courier Journal. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  70. ^ "Louisville Redbirds Logo". Sports Logos. November 24, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  71. ^ Aulbach, Lucas (July 12, 2019). "The History Behind the Louisville Bats' Beautiful Throwback Weekend RiverBats Uniforms". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  72. ^ "Louisville Bats Logo". Sports Logos. December 9, 2009. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  73. ^ Hill, Benjamin (November 23, 2015). "Louisville Bats Unveil New Logo, Color Scheme". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  74. ^ a b "Jim Kelch Returns To Louisville Bats Broadcast Booth In 2019". Louisville Bats. Minor League Baseball. March 27, 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  75. ^ "MiLB.tv". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  76. ^ Lintner, Jonathan (August 5, 2014). "Corky Miller's No. 8 Bats' First Retired Jersey". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  77. ^ a b Mayer, Alex. "Bats to Retire Reese, Robinson Jersey Numbers". Louisville Bats. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  78. ^ Smith, Claire (April 16, 1997). "A Grand Tribute to Robinson and His Moment". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 1, 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2008.
General
  • Kleber, John E (2015). The Encyclopedia of Louisville. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky. pp. 70–73. ISBN 978-0-8131-2100-0.

External linksEdit