Spring Valley, San Diego County, California
|• Total||7.374 sq mi (19.099 km2)|
|• Land||7.165 sq mi (18.558 km2)|
|• Water||0.209 sq mi (0.541 km2) 2.83%|
|Elevation||390 ft (119 m)|
|• Density||3,800/sq mi (1,500/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1661495|
The name "Spring Valley" may also refer to a wider area including the Spring Valley CDP, La Presa and part of the neighborhood of Casa de Oro (which extends into La Mesa). There are claims that the "Greater Spring Valley" area has over 100,000 residents.
Spring Valley is served by the 91977 and 91978 ZIP codes.
Spring Valley is named for the natural spring located there. It was long the home of the Kumeyaay people, who called it Neti or Meti. Spanish conquerors drove off the natives and used the area for cattle, calling it El aguaje de San Jorge (St. George's Spring).
In 1863 Judge Augustus S. Ensworth of San Diego filed a claim for a 160-acre (65 ha) ranch that included the spring. The ranch, and the small adobe house he built there, were sold to Rufus King Porter and later to historian Hubert Howe Bancroft. The adobe is now a National Historic Landmark.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) places Spring Valley at (32.7447740, -116.9989160). This is near the intersection of Kenwood Drive and Helix Street. Most maps place Spring Valley at this location.
The United States Census Bureau places Spring Valley at (32.734318, -116.981372), which is approximately two miles southeast of where the USGS places it. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19 km2). 7.2 square miles (19 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (2.83%) is water.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Spring Valley had a population of 28,205. The population density was 3,824.9 people per square mile (1,476.8/km²). The racial makeup of Spring Valley was 10,915 (38.7%) White, 3,449 (11.1%) African American, 237 (0.8%) Native American, 1,766 (5.7%) Asian, 616 (2.0%) Pacific Islander, 5,172 (17.4%) from other races, and 1,828 (6.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,201 persons (36.0%).
The Census reported that 28,040 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 51 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 114 (0.4%) were institutionalized.
There were 9,305 households, out of which 3,854 (41.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,940 (53.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,514 (16.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 636 (6.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 560 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 96 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,612 households (17.3%) were made up of individuals and 560 (6.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01. There were 7,090 families (76.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.39.
The population was spread out with 7,481 people (26.5%) under the age of 18, 2,819 people (10.0%) aged 18 to 24, 7,496 people (26.6%) aged 25 to 44, 7,461 people (26.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,948 people (10.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
There were 9,741 housing units at an average density of 1,321.0 per square mile (510.0/km²), of which 5,916 (63.6%) were owner-occupied, and 3,389 (36.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.9%. 17,130 people (60.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 10,910 people (38.7%) lived in rental housing units.
The United States Census Bureau has split Spring Valley (in its greater sense) into two Census-Designated Places (CDPs). The statistics below cover only the Spring Valley CDP. For the demographics of the complete community of Spring Valley also see La Presa, California.
As of the census of 2000, there were 26,663 people, 9,129 households, and 6,901 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,685.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,423.9/km²). There were 9,291 housing units at an average density of 1,284.2 per square mile (496.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 45.6% White, 10.7% African American, 0.8% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 12.4% from other races, and 6.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.1% of the population.
There were 9,129 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $48,271, and the median income for a family was $51,217. Males had a median income of $36,338 versus $30,297 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,504. About 6.5% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- Part of 1990 census area was lost to La Presa
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Spring Valley CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "California's 53rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.