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Sporting equipment, also called sporting goods, has various forms depending on the sport, but it is essential to complete the sport. The equipment ranges from balls, to nets, and to protective gear like helmets. Sporting equipment can be used as protective gear or as tool used to help the athletes play the sport. Over time, sporting equipment has evolved because sports have started to require more protective gear to prevent injuries.[1] Sporting equipment may be found in any department store.

Contents

Game equipmentEdit

BallsEdit

The ball is often what a sport requires and revolves around. A sports ball is typically round, but can also be in the shape of a prolate spheroid in the case of an American football or a rugby ball.

Sports are often named after the ball used, such as football, American football, baseball and basketball, or the ball is named after the sport.

Flying discsEdit

Flying discs are used for various games such as freestyle, disc golf and ultimate.

Goal postsEdit

In many games, goal posts are at each end of the playing field, there are two vertical posts (or uprights) supporting a horizontal crossbar. In some games, such as football or hockey, the object is to pass the ball or puck between the posts below the crossbar, while in others, such as those based on rugby, the ball must pass over the crossbar instead.

NetsEdit

Nets are used for tennis, volleyball, football, basketball, hockey and badminton. A different type of net is used for various forms of fishing.

RacquetsEdit

Racquets are used for racquet sports such as tennis, squash and badminton.

Rods and tackleEdit

Fishing rods and fishing tackle are primarily used for fishing and sport fishing.

Sticks, bats and clubsEdit

Sticks are used for sports such as hockey and lacrosse. Bats are used for sports such as baseball and cricket. Clubs are used mainly for golf (Golf club)

Wickets and basesEdit

Wickets and balls are used in cricket, and bases are used in baseball.

Player equipmentEdit

FootwearEdit

 
Cleats

Footwear for sports includes:

Protective equipmentEdit

Protective equipment is often worn for sports including motor sport and contact sports, such as ice hockey and American football or sports where there is a danger of injury through collision of players or other objects. Protective equipment includes:

Training equipmentEdit

Examples for training equipment include swiss balls, weights, chin-up bars, equipment for the gym. Also protective equipment such as weight lifting belts and bench shirts for weight training and powerlifting.

MiscellaneousEdit

VehiclesEdit

Vehicles (sometimes specialized) are used as equipment for some sports, including motor sport, cycling, aeronautics, sailing and hot air ballooning.

Small vehicles with flatbeds are often used to carry injured athletes off the field, most commonly in American football.

Various sportsEdit

History and development of sportsEdit

Historically many sports have developed their sporting equipment over time. For instance, the use of a football dates back to ancient China, between 225 BC and 220 AD.[2] As football remains the most popular sport in the 21st century, the material of the ball has completely changed over the centuries; from being made out of animal skin, to being lined with multiple layers of polyester or cotton.[2]

As the sporting equipment industry improves, so does the athletes performance. This is due to the fact that the equipment is more efficient, lighter and stronger it forming a bio-mechanical system, interacting with the athlete.[3]

Since the massive adoption of wearable, new sport equipment tend to be electronics and connected to deliver data performances.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sports Protective Equipment - Sports Injury Prevention". www.medic8.com. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  2. ^ a b "History". www.soccerballworld.com. Retrieved 2016-05-16.
  3. ^ Stefanyshyn, Darren J.; Wannop, John W. (2015). "Biomechanics research and sport equipment development". Sports Engineering. 18 (4): 191–202. doi:10.1007/s12283-015-0183-5.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Sports equipment at Wikimedia Commons