Spirostreptida is an order of long, cylindrical millipedes. There are approximately 1000 described species,[1] making Spirostrepida the second largest order of millipedes after Polydesmida.

Spirostreptida
Orthoporus spp New Mexico.jpg
Orthoporus sp. (Spirostreptidae) from North America
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Subclass:
Infraclass:
Superorder:
Order:
Spirostreptida

Brandt, 1833
Families

10: see text.

DescriptionEdit

Spirostreptida are generally large, long and cylindrical, with 30 to 90 body rings. Eyes are present in most.[2] This order contains the longest millipedes known: the giant African millipedes of the genus Archispirostreptus that may exceed 30 centimetres (12 in).[2]

DistributionEdit

Spirostreptida contains mainly tropical species, and occurs in Africa, Southern Asia to Japan, Australia, and the Western Hemisphere from the United States to Argentina.[3]

ClassificationEdit

The order comprises two suborders, Cambalidea and Spirostreptidea, the latter further divided into two superfamilies.[1]

 
Cambala minor (Cambalidae), a cave-millipede from eastern North America

Suborder Cambalidea

Cambalidae
Cambalopsidae (includes the former Glyphiulidae and Pericambalidae)[1]
Choctellidae
Iulomorphidae
Pseudonannolenidae

Suborder Spirostreptidea

Superfamily Odontopygoidea
Atopogestidae
Odontopygidae
Superfamily Spirostreptoidea
Adiaphorostreptidae
Harpagophoridae
Spirostreptidae

Select speciesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Shear, W. (2011). "Class Diplopoda de Blainville in Gervais, 1844. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3148: 159–164.
  2. ^ a b "Diagnostic features of Millipede Orders" (PDF). Milli-PEET Identification Tables. The Field Museum, Chicago. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  3. ^ Shelley, Rowland M. (1999). "Centipedes and Millipedes with Emphasis on North American Fauna". The Kansas School Naturalist. 45 (3): 1–16.

External linksEdit