Spelthorne (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Spelthorne in Surrey.
Location of Surrey within England.
|Electorate||71,211 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Sunbury-on-Thames, Staines-upon-Thames, Ashford, Stanwell|
|Member of Parliament||Kwasi Kwarteng (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
|During its existence contributed to new seat(s) of:||Feltham (all)|
Southall (small part)
1918-1945: The Urban Districts of Feltham, Hampton, Hampton Wick, Staines, Sunbury-on-Thames, and Teddington, and the Rural District of Staines.
1945-1950: The Urban Districts of Feltham, Staines, Sunbury-on-Thames, and Yiewsley and West Drayton.
1950-1955: The Urban Districts of Feltham, Staines, and Sunbury-on-Thames.
1955-1983: The Urban Districts of Staines and Sunbury-on-Thames.
1983–present: The Borough of Spelthorne (same content as above)
History of boundariesEdit
Spelthorne was one of six hundreds of the historic county of Middlesex which covered its south west. It had thirteen historic parishes whereas the modern borough and seat has seven. The London Government Act 1963 placed the historic county in London except for two areas, one being the seven south-westernmost parishes of Spelthorne and Middlesex, placed since the commencement of the Act in April 1965 in Surrey.
From 1885 to 1918 it was in the inceptive Uxbridge seat, before which its electorate contributed to the two-seat Middlesex constituency since the 13th century creation of the House of Commons of England.
The seat was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918 and amounted to the larger, slightly less built up part of the increasingly outer metropolitan Uxbridge seat which was split, in 1918, in two. It was given county seat status for unimportant logistical purposes. It amounted to the obsolete hundred plus the small west-to-east parishes in the north of Harmondsworth, Harlington and Cranford as the seat took in seven late 19th century-formed areas of local government, including the Staines Rural District. Due to the incursion into Elthorne Hundred the seat could have more accurately been named South West Middlesex.
For the post-war 1945 election the seat lost an eastern section: three of the historic parishes namely Hampton, Hampton Wick and Teddington to the Twickenham seat (which shifted substantially south, shedding Labour-leaning Hounslow). The seat saw a northern exchange. It gained two small parishes (one of which, Yiewsley was of modern creation) to the NNW from its parent seat. It lost the similarly small Cranford and Harlington parishes to form, with parts of the parent seat, the new seat of Southall, which the incumbent for Spelthorne went on to represent in 1950.
In the 1955 redistribution Feltham became the southwest of the new Feltham seat. Since 1955 the seat has comprised the former urban districts of Staines and Sunbury-on-Thames, added in local government to Surrey in 1965, and merged in 1974 to form in local government the Borough of Spelthorne.
The seat was categorised as a borough constituency from the February 1974 general election and for that election unaffected in the periodic redistribution. In 1995 the small settlement of Poyle, transferred from Buckinghamshire to the area in 1974 and long part of the possessions of Stanwell in Middlesex, was transferred to the Borough of Slough.
The Boundary Commission recommended no changes to this seat in their fully implemented Fifth Review for the 2010 election, nor in the draft 2018 Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies.
The seat is south of Heathrow Airport bounded by a long meander of the Thames. It is a more built-up area with numerous but less expansive green spaces, fewer private roads and little woodland compared to further south in Surrey. Some 30% is embanked reservoir or low-lying flood plain therefore immune against building. Contrasting with these large areas of fresh water, Surrey County Council have built a waste incinerator in Charlton in the seat and the 1970s saw the construction of the M3 and M25 motorways through the seat, the latter along its western border.
While relative to the county as a whole this borough is marginally less affluent, in national terms it is more affluent. Workless claimants (registered jobseekers) were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, only 0.3% higher than the affluent neighbouring constituency of Twickenham in London. Most residents can afford to buy their own homes: social housing accounts for only 10% of the total, and the proportion of professionals and managerial workers is high. Spelthorne has Labour's highest vote share of the eleven seats (30.5%) in the modern reduced definition of Surrey, where Stanwell is as at 2019 the only County Council division (seat) held by a Labour councillor. Stanwell in common with Sunbury Common has significant social housing.
Spelthorne exceeds the average quota of commercial property of Surrey's seats — it contains about 20% of the county's commercial/industrial property, including large plants or wholesale units of Complete Cover Group, Kingston Technology, Edmundson Electrical, Esso Petroleum, Johnson & Johnson Vision Products, Thames Water, Shepperton Film Studios, wholesalers and storage companies. Major offices/creative facilities of BP (its global HQ), Del Monte, NatWest, Samsung, Richmond Film Services and film/television ancillary businesses are in the constituency.
During the 2016 referendum on the UK's EU membership, the majority of voters in the area voted in favour of exiting the European Union. This was the preferred outcome of Spelthorne MP Kwasi Kwarteng.
History of resultsEdit
The 1918 to 1945 broadest, initial version of the parliamentary division saw no marginal majorities and can be squarely analysed as a Conservative safe seat based on length of party tenure and size of majorities.
In the 1945 general election George Pargiter (Lab) was elected in the Attlee Ministry landslide while the boundaries of the seat saw a favorable form to the party during expansion of London when the area extended to areas to the north, including Feltham and Bedfont (removed in 1955 — see Feltham and Heston) and had cast off Hampton, Hampton Wick and Teddington, before 1945 part of the seat.
Since the 1955 boundary reduction and a local emphasis or demand upon private housing relative to social housing, the reduced area has eight Conservative candidate majorities of greater than 11% and three lower majorities: 1966, 1997 and 2001. The earliest of these produced the narrowest margin of victory, 5% of the vote. Based on length of party tenure and majorities the seat would be considered safe by most UK electoral analysts including of academic standing.
Members of ParliamentEdit
The constituency's first MP was Philip Pilditch, an architect who piloted the Ancient Monuments Act 1931 through Parliament: see Scheduled Monument. The MP for Spelthorne since 2010 is the author, columnist and historian Kwasi Kwarteng.
|1918||Sir Philip Pilditch||Coalition Conservative|
|1945||Major loss of territory to east|
|1950||Minor loss of territory in north-west|
Note the standard two-party swing is only accurate when the same two parties, as in the previous election, share first and second place. Votes for other candidates are ignored in the calculation of 'Butler swing'. A positive swing is from Labour or SDP in 1987 towards the Conservative candidate and a negative swing is from Conservative towards a Labour or SDP in 1987 candidate.
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Rosie Shimell||2,755||5.5||-0.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Rosie Shimell||3,163||6.4||-19.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Chapman||12,242||25.9||+8.8|
|Best of a Bad Bunch||Rod Littlewood||244||0.5||N/A|
|Campaign for Independent Politicians||John Gore||167||0.4||N/A|
|Independents Federation UK - Honesty, Integrity, Democracy||Grahame Leon-Smith||102||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Simon James||7,318||17.09||+2.36|
|UK Community Issues Party||Caroline Schwark||239||0.6||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Rimmer||6,156||14.73||+1.59|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Edward Glynn||6,821||13.14||−3.37|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger Roberts||9,702||16.51||−6.41|
|Monster Raving Loony||D Rea||338||0.61||N/A|
|Natural Law||D Ellis||195||0.35||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||Mavis Cunningham||12,390||22.92||−3.12|
|Social Democratic||A.W. Layton||13,357||26.04||+12.16|
|Ind. Conservative||Richard Adams||2,816||5.49||N/A|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||J. Sawyer||518||0.95||-1.25|
|National Front||J.M. Clifton||1,180||2.28||-0.20|
|National Front||E.J. Butterfield||1,399||2.48||N/A|
|Labour||Patrick L. Cheney||18,239||36.26||-4.46|
|Liberal||Ronald Henry Longland||4,792||9.53||-3.97|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||Ronald G Wallace||19,986||40.72||+5.19|
|Liberal||Nesta Wyn Ellis||6,624||13.50||-3.95|
|Labour||Richard S Stokes||16,797||35.53||-4.91|
|Liberal||Maurice J Hayes||8,252||17.45||N/A|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||James Pirrie Carruthers||17,128||40.44||-1.20|
|Labour||James Pirrie Carruthers||14,906||41.64||-7.44|
|Labour||Frederick Wilson Temple||26,146||45.57||-6.39|
|Liberal||Francis Joseph Halpin||5,048||8.80||-2.72|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+8.75|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||-27.08|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||Frederick Wilson Temple||9,214||21.27||-9.48|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||Frederick Wilson Temple||11,946||30.75||+0.12|
|Liberal||William A.J. Hillier||7,727||19.89||N/A|
|Labour||Frederick Wilson Temple||7,792||30.63||-2.96|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Labour||Frank Ernest Horton||2,418||15.13||N/A|
|NFDDSS||Alexander William Leonard||1,143||7.15||N/A|
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Representation of the People Act 1945, Sch. 1, at Middlesex (A) County Constituencies (page 107) http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1948/65/pdfs/ukpga_19480065_en.pdf
- "Spelthorne BC".
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "2011 census interactive maps". Archived from the original on January 29, 2016.
- "Mixed EU vote 'reflects divisions'". June 24, 2016 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "A Brexiteer's Celebration - a conversation with Kwame Kwarteng". Foreign Affairs. 10 July 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 4)
- "Spelthorne parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.com.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Spelthorne Labour Party". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "Spelthorne Liberal Democrats select Rosie Shimell as their Prospective Parliamentary". Spelthorne Liberal Democrats. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Election result, 2010 (BBC)
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 - 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 - 2010 (Guardian)
- Election results, 1945 - 1979 (Politics Resources)
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- Britain Votes 4: British Parliamentary Election Results 1983-1987, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1988)
- Britain Votes 5: British Parliamentary Election Results 1988-1992, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Parliamentary Research Services/Dartmouth Publishing 1993)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983).
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1974-1983, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1984)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945-1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)
- Spelthorne Labour Party
- Spelthorne Conservatives
- Spelthorne Lib Dems
- Spelthorne Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition
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