Speedway is one of the most popular sports in Poland. The Ekstraliga has the highest average attendances for any sport in Poland. The first meetings in Poland were held in the 1930s.[1]

Match Apator Toruń - Polonia Piła

Speedway in Poland is governed by the Main Commission of Speedway Sport (Główna Komisja Sportu Żużlowego, GKSŻ) which is a part of the Polish Motor Union (Polski Związek Motorowy, PZM). PZM is a member of the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) and the Union Européenne de Motocyclisme (UEM).

National team edit

Poland has produced three Individual World Champion - Jerzy Szczakiel who won in 1973, Tomasz Gollob who won in the 2010 Individual Speedway World Championships and Bartosz Zmarzlik who won in 2019, 2021, 2022 and 2023. He is the only Polish quadruple world champion. Polish junior riders are among the best in the world. The Polish National U-21 team won the Under 21 World Championship since 2005 in every years (lately in 2007). Besides, since 2000 Polish juniors won medals of Individual U-21 World Championship. Polish riders have been World Champions seven times at Under 21 level (lately Karol Ząbik at the 2006 ISJWC).

Championships edit

There are three types of speedway championships in Poland: individual (Indywidualne Mistrzostwa Polski, IMP), pairs (Mistrzostwa Polski Par Klubowych, MPPK), and team, consisting of three leagues (Drużynowe Mistrzostwa Polski, DMP). The Junior U-21 championships also consist of three categories: individual (Młodzieżowe Indywidualne Mistrzostwa Polski, MIMP), pairs (Młodzieżowe Mistrzostwa Polski Par Klubowych, MMPPK), and team (Młodzieżowe Drużynowe Mistrzostwa Polski, MDMP).

Poland (Polish Motor Union, PZM)
Individual Pair Team
Seniors Individual Speedway Polish Championship (since 1932/1949) Polish Pairs Speedway Championship (since 1974) Team Speedway Polish Championship (since 1948)
Juniors U-21 MIMP (od 1967) MMPPK (since 1983) MDMP (since 1978)

Teams (league competition) edit

Current Polish champion, Bartosz Zmarzlik

There are three speedway leagues in Poland:

  1. Ekstraliga (Ekstraliga żużlowa) (Team Speedway Polish Championship)
  2. Polish Speedway First League (eWinner 1.liga żużlowa)
  3. Polish Speedway Second League (2. liga żużlowa)

In the 2009 season, the Extraleague and First League have eight teams competing. The second League has seven teams. Notably, KS Toruń (since 1976) has never been relegated to a lower division until the 2019 season when the team was relegated for the first time in the history.

Competitions edit

Polish Cup edit

  • Individual Speedway Polish Cup (Indywidualny Puchar Polski, IPP)
  • Team Speedway Polish Cup (Drużynowy Puchar Polski, DPP)

Helmets competition edit

GKSŻ organizes the Golden Helmet, Silver Helmet and Bronze Helmet competitions.[2]

  1. The Golden Helmet (Złoty Kask, ZK) is a single meeting held in PC Team 3rd from last season (before usually in Wrocław), with the top twelve riders in the Extraleague and the top four riders in the First League. The Winner get a new motorcycle Java.
  2. The Silver Helmet (Srebrny Kask, SK) is an individual competition for riders under 21 years of age for the top sixteen riders in the Extraleague, the top ten riders in the First League, and the six two riders in the Second League competing. A Final event held in PC Team U-21 3rd from last season.
  3. The Bronze Helmet (Brązowy Kask, BK) is an individual competition similar to the Silver Helmet except the riders must be under 19 years of age. Riders are nominated for this competition by their teams.

Friendly competition edit

Other competitions include (individual meetings), e.g.:

  1. Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway Leagues Aces (Kryterium Asów Polskich Lig Żużlowych im. Mieczysława Połukarda) held in the Polonia Stadium in Bydgoszcz. It is seen by riders and fans as the official opening of the new season. First staged in 1982, although a similar meeting was held in the 1950s.
  2. Crest Chain of Ostrów Town (Łańcuch Herbowy Miasta Ostrowa) held in Ostrów Wielkopolski. It is the official end of season meeting. First staged in 1978.
  3. Alfred Smoczyk Memorial (Memoriał im. Alfreda Smoczyka) Alfred Smoczyk was the first Polish speedway superstar. He successfully competed on Dutch tracks in the late 1940s, but died in a road accident in October 1950. This meeting has been held every year since 1951 in Leszno, where he lived, in the Alfred Smoczyk Stadium.
  4. Edward Jancarz Memorial (Memoriał im. Edwarda Jancarza) in Gorzów Wielkopolski.

Speedway Grand Prix in Poland edit

Current Grand Prix

  1. Gorzów at Jancarz Stadium (2022–2023)
  2. Toruń at MotoArena Toruń (2010–2023)
  3. Warsaw at Stadion Narodowy (2015–2019, 2022–2023)

Previously, SGP events hosted in:

  1. Bydgoszcz at Polonia Stadium (1998–2010 and 2013–2014)
  2. Chorzów at Silesian Stadium (2002–2003)
  3. Leszno at Alfred Smoczyk Stadium (2008–2012)
  4. Lublin at Stadion MOSiR (2021)
  5. Wrocław at Olympic Stadium (1995–1997, 1999, 2004–2007, 2019–2022)

Panorama edit

Famous riders edit

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Kevin Meynell & Marcin Babnis (7 July 2004), History of Polish Speedway. Main competitions. Rules. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
  2. ^ (pl) pzm.pl Golden, Silver and Bronze Helmets Regulations

External links edit