Special Security Team
The Special Security Team (特殊警備隊 Tokushu-keibi-tai) is a counter terrorism tactical unit of the Japan Coast Guard, based at the Osaka Special Security Station (大阪特殊警備基地). The acronym of its Kanji name has already been used by other units[Note 1], the abbreviation "SST" is used for this team.
|Special Security Team|
|Active||(Kaikei-tai) 1985 - 1996|
(SST) 1996 - Present
|Branch||Japan Coast Guard|
|Type||Police tactical unit|
|Part of||Directly under control of the Japan Coast Guard|
|Garrison/HQ||Osaka Special Security Station, Kobe, Japan|
|Motto(s)||Semper Paratus (常に備えよ Tsune ni sonaeyo)|
|Engagements||Various anti-crime operations, Anti-North Korean spy ship skirmishes (1999-early 2002)|
|Coast Guard Captain (Name Unknown)|
|Small Japan flag on patch, Japan Coast Guard written in kanji and English on rear of tactical vest|
In 1985, the Maritime Safety Agency established the Maritime riot squad (関西空港海上警備隊 Kansai-kuko Kaijō-keibi-tai, Kaikei-tai) to protect the maritime side of the Kansai International Airport cooperating with the land-side Riot Police Unit of the Osaka Prefectural Police. At the beginning of the establishment there were only 8 members. But due to the airport construction, the unit's manpower was increased to have 24 operators.
In 1990, due to the plutonium transport mission, the number of members was increased to 37 and the equipment was updated. A detachment corp for the escort mission was organized and called Onboard Security Team (警乗隊 Keijou-tai), but after the mission ended it joined again with Kaikei-tai. In 1996, it was renamed to its current unit name.
Although detailed organization is not disclosed, it is said that under command of the team leader, seven sections consisting of eight operators are organized. Specialists such as EOD and EMT are assigned for each sections.
SST is based at the Osaka Special Security Station (大阪特殊警備基地), adjacent to the Kansai International Airport, and able to be deployed nationwide by Saab 340B and Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma of the Japan Coast Guard.
Recruitment and trainingEdit
Members at the time of the establishment of Kaikei-tai were mainly scouted from Tokkei-tai.[Note 1] After establishing the structure as SST, it is recruiting personnel from the entire Japan Coast Guard.
Because it was the first counter-terrorism unit for MSA, Kaikei-tai faced considerable difficulties. However basic close quarters combat and marksman techniques were acquired in the GSDF Ranger course at the Fuji school, maritime counter-terrorism operations was an unknown field even for Rangers, so the MSA officers had no choice but to conduct trial and error by themselves about how to apply those techniques in maritime operations. In 1991, Kaikei-tai got an opportunity to invite combat advisers from the United States Navy SEALs under the financial support of the Sasakawa Foundation and with their instructions, its techniques and tactics were improved to international standards.
At the beginning, Kaikei-tai used 4-inch model of Smith & Wesson Model 19 revolvers as its main sidearms. In 1987, Howa Type 64 designated marksman rifles and Howa M1500 sniper rifles were added to its equipment.
In 1988, Heckler & Koch MP5A5/SD6 submachine guns were adopted. American advisers, while admiring the shooting skills of the MSA officers, pointed out that these revolvers were fundamentally lacking in firepower, so pistols were updated to SIG Sauer P228 by 1992, and Howa Type 89 assault rifles were also introduced. And it also has anti-materiel rifles manufactured by the McMillan Firearms.
In 1989, Kaikei-tai operatives were involved in storming a Panama-registered vessel after receiving requests via radio for assistance in the East China Sea near Okinawan waters after British officers were attacked by Filipino crewmembers during a riot. All of the arrested crew members were then taken into custody.
In 1992, the Keijou-tai was deployed on board to guard ships carrying nuclear waste from France all the way to Japan, protecting them from any sort of staged attacks from any radical anti-nuclear activist groups.
In 1999, patrol vessel Mizuho was dispatched to East Timor for non-combatant evacuation operation, and at this time, there is information that two sections of SST were on board to ensure the security of port facilities.
- Strike And Tactical Magazine 2017, pp. 74-75.
- Kakitani & Kikuchi 2008, pp. 110-140.
- Yoneda 2016.
- Strike And Tactical Magazine 2017, pp. 65-73.
- Komine & Sakamoto 2005, pp. 131-158.
- Komine & Sakamoto 2005, pp. 45-74.
- Komine & Sakamoto 2005, pp. 112-130.
- Komine & Sakamoto 2005, pp. 107-112.
- Komine & Sakamoto 2005, pp. 75-106.
- Nakanomyo 2015.
- Iain Ballantyne (UK) and Yoshiharu Fukushima (Japan). "WEB SPECIAL - The Hunt for W.M.D." Warships Magazine. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- "Unofficial SST Page" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- Kakitani, Tetsuya; Kikuchi, Masayuki (2008). Japanese counter-terrorism units (in Japanese). Sanshusha Co.,Ltd. ISBN 978-4384042252.
- Komine, Takao; Sakamoto, Shinichi (2005). SST - the Japan Coast Guard Special Forces (in Japanese). Namiki-shobou. ISBN 978-4890631933.
- Strike And Tactical Magazine, ed. (2017). Special forces of Japan (in Japanese). KAMADO. NCID BB01834038.
- Nakanomyo, Masami (October 2015). "History of shipboard guns on JCG's patrol vessels". Ships of the World (in Japanese). Kaijin-sha (825): 168–173. NAID 40020597434.
- Yoneda, Kenji (July 2016). "JCG's special teams facing a new phase". Ships of the World (in Japanese). Kaijin-sha (840): 152–157. NAID 40020863525.
- Unofficial SST information page (in Japanese)