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Dracula (1931 English-language film)

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Production
According to numerous accounts, the production is alleged to have been a mostly disorganized affair,<ref>In an interview with author and horror historian [[David J. Skal]], [[David Manners]] (Jonathan Harker) claims he was so unimpressed with the chaotic production, he never once watched the film in the remaining 67 years of his life. However, in his DVD audio commentary, Skal adds "I'm not sure I really believed him." Source: commentary of film in 2-DVD set ''Dracula: The Legacy Collection'', [[Universal Studios Home Entertainment]] (2004)</ref> with the usually meticulous Tod Browning leaving cinematographer [[Karl Freund]] to take over during much of the shoot, making Freund something of an uncredited director on the film.
 
The peasants at the beginning are praying in [[Hungarian language|Hungarian]], and the signs of the village are also in Hungarian. This was because when Bram Stoker wrote the original novel, the [[Tihuța Pass|Borgo Pass]] was near [[Transylvania]] and modern [[Hungary]]. This part of the world was then part of the [[Kingdom of Hungary]] and within the [[Austria-Hungary|Austro-Hungarian Empire]]. Now that area is part of [[Romania]], which annexed most of Transylvania after the end of World War I.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://filmschoolrejects.com/41-things-we-learned-from-the-dracula-commentary-a2ad7521e92a#.n2k1wsqlt|title=41 Things We Learned from the ‘Dracula’ Commentary|date=October 9, 2014|publisher=}}</ref>
 
The scenes of crew members on the ship struggling in the violent storm were lifted from a Universal silent film, ''The Storm Breaker'' (1925). Photographed at [[silent film#Projection speed|silent film projection speed]], this accounts for the jerky, sped-up appearance of the footage when projected at 24 frames per second sound film speed and cobbled together with new footage of Dracula and Renfield.<ref name="DVD" /> [[Jack Foley (sound effects)|Jack Foley]] was the [[foley artist]] who produced the sound effects.<ref>Jackson, Blair (September 1, 2005) [http://mixonline.com/mag/audio_foley_recording/ "Foley Recording"] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110629141111/http://mixonline.com/mag/audio_foley_recording/ |date=June 29, 2011 }} ''Mix'' (magazine), accessed July 1, 2010</ref>