|began = 16 December 1815
|ended = 15 November 1889
|pretender = [[Prince
Luís of Orléans-Braganza |Prince Luís]] (recognized) <br> [[Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza|Prince Pedro]]
[[Brazil]] was ruled by a series of [[Monarch|monarchs]] in the period 1815–1889; first as a kingdom united with Portugal in the [[United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves]] (1815–1822), subsequently as a sovereign and independent state, the [[Empire of Brazil]] (1822–1889). All four of the country's monarchs were members of the [[House of Braganza]].
The title of Emperor was created after independence to designate the monarch of Brazil. The choice of Emperor, instead of King, was a suggestion of [[José Bonifácio de Andrada]] to discredit the royal title of the Portuguese monarchy of the Kings of Brazil, but also to live up to the continental size of the national territory. [[Pedro I of Brazil|Pedro]] was acclaimed as Constitutional Emperor on 12 October 1822 and [[Coronations in the Americas#Brazil|crowned]] on 1 December. His title "Perpetual Defender of Brazil" was gave to him by acclamation when he was [[Prince Royal of Portugal|Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves]] and Regent of the [[Kingdom of Brazil]] and was later made official in its reigning full title.
The Brazilian monarchs had an extensive list of titles and claims that reflected the geographic expanse and diversity of the lands ruled by the House of Braganza.
| notes1 =
| family1 = [[House of Braganza|Braganza]]
| image1 =
Dona Maria I of Portugal held at Queluz. jpg
| name2 = '''[[John VI of Portugal|John VI]]'''