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Zapatista Army of National Liberation

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|caption=Flag of the EZLN
|active=1994–{{small|present}}
|ideology=[[Neozapatismo]], [[Zapatismo]], [[Libertarianlibertarian Socialismsocialism]], [[Marxism]] ([[libertarian Marxism|libertarian]])
|leaders={{plainlist|
*[[Subcomandante Marcos|Subcomandante Insurgente Galeano]]
*[[ComandanteComandanta Ramona]]{{KIA}}
*[[Subcomandante Elisa]]}}
|clans=
|previous=
|next=}}
The '''Zapatista Army of National Liberation''' (''Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional'', '''EZLN'''), often referred to as the '''Zapatistas''' {{IPA-es|sapaˈtistas|}}, is a [[farFar-left politics|revolutionary left]]ist political and militant group based in [[Chiapas]], the southernmost state of [[Mexico]].
 
Since 1994 the group has been in a declared war against the Mexican state, and against military, paramilitary and corporate incursions into Chiapas.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://roarmag.org/essays/brief-history-ezln-uprising/|title=A brief history of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation|newspaper=ROAR Magazine|access-date=2016-11-13}}</ref> This war has been primarily defensive. In recent years, it has focused on a strategy of [[civil resistance]]. The Zapatistas' main body is made up of mostly rural [[Indigenous peoples of Mexico|indigenous people]], but includes some supporters in urban areas and internationally. Their main spokesperson is [[Subcomandante Marcos|Subcomandante Insurgente Galeano]], previously known as Subcomandante Marcos (a.k.a. Compañero Galeano and Delegate Zero in relation to "[[the Other Campaign]]"). Unlike other Zapatista spokespeople, Marcos is not an indigenous [[Maya peoples|Maya]].<ref>Gahman, Levi: Zapatistas Begin a New Cycle of Building Indigenous Autonomy http://www.cipamericas.org/archives/12372/</ref>
The group takes its name from [[Emiliano Zapata]], the agrarian reformer and commander of the [[Liberation Army of the South]] during the [[Mexican Revolution]], and sees itself as his ideological heir. Nearly all EZLN villages contain murals with images of Zapata, [[Che Guevara|Ernesto "Che" Guevara]], and Subcomandante Marcos.<ref>Baspineiro, Alex Contreras. "[http://www.narconews.com/Issue33/article970.html The Mysterious Silence of the Mexican Zapatistas]." ''Narco News'' (May 7, 2004).</ref>
 
Although the ideology of the EZLN reflects [[libertarian socialist|libertarian socialism]], paralleling both [[anarchist]] and [[libertarian Marxist]] thought in many respects, the EZLN has rejected<ref>"[http://greenanarchy.info/etc/ezln_response.htm The EZLN is NOT Anarchist - A Zapatista Response] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090813155006/http://greenanarchy.info/etc/ezln_response.htm |date=August 13, 2009 }}"</ref> and defied<ref>"[http://libcom.org/library/commune-chiapas-zapatista-mexico A Commune in Chiapas? Mexico and the Zapatista Rebellion]"</ref> political classification, retaining its distinctiveness due in part to the importance of indigenous [[Maya mythology|Mayan]] beliefs into the Zapatistas. The EZLN aligns itself with the wider [[alter-globalization]], anti-[[Neoliberalism#Political opposition|anti-neoliberal]] [[social movement]], seeking indigenous control over their local resources, especially land. Since their 1994 uprising was countered by the Mexican army, the EZLN has abstained from military offensives and adopted a new strategy that attempts to garner Mexican and international support.
 
==Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee==
The Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee is the General Command of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation ({{lang-es|Comité Clandestino Revolucionario Indígena - Comandancia General del Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional}}).
 
This collective leadership of the EZLN is made up of 23 commanders and 1 subcommander ([[SubcommandanteSubcomandante Marcos|Subcomandante Insurgente Galeano]], who acts basically as speaker for the movement).
 
Most of the CCRI commanders are only known by their [[nomPseudonym#Military and paramilitary organizations|noms de guerre]] if at all. Their names are: Comandante Brunel, Comandante Abraham, Comandante Alejandro, Comandante Bulmaro, Comandante Daniel, Comandante David, Comandante Eduardo, Comandanta Esther, Comandanta Fidelia, Comandante Filemón, Comandante Gustavo, Comandante Isaías, Comandante Ismael, Comandante Javier, Comandante Maxo, Comandante Míster, Comandante Moisés, Comandante Omar, [[Comandanta Ramona]]†, Comandante Sergio, Comandanta Susana, Comandante Tacho, Comandanta Yolanda, Comandante Zebedeo.
 
== History ==
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