Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Changes

Zapatista Army of National Liberation

5 bytes removed, 5 months ago
Military offensive: spacing
On February 11, 1995, the [[Attorney General of Mexico|PGR]] informed the country that the government had implemented an operation in the State of México, where they had captured 14 people presumed to be involved with the Zapatistas, of which eight had already being turned over to the judicial authorities. They had also seized an important arsenal, the PGR stated.
<ref>[http://www.afn.org/~iguana/archives/1998_03/19980305.html «U.S. military aids Mexico's attacks on Zapatistas»]</ref> The [[Attorney General of Mexico|PGR]]'s repressive acts reached the point of threatening the San Cristóbal de Las Casas' Catholic Bishop, [[Samuel Ruiz García]], with arrest, for allegedly aiding to conceal the Zapatistas' guerrilla uprising, even though their activities were reported years before the uprising in what is considered one of Mexico's most important magazines, ''[[Proceso (magazine)|Proceso]]'', which the [[Mexican Government]] had tried to cover it up.<ref>[http://www.proceso.com.mx/?p=215912 «Sedena sabía de la guerrilla chiapaneca desde 1985»] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131103132152/http://www.proceso.com.mx/?p=215912 |date=November 3, 2013 }}</ref><ref>[http://hemeroteca.proceso.com.mx/?page_id=278958&a51dc26366d99bb5fa29cea4747565fec=161835&rl=wh «Ganaderos e indígenas hablan de grupos guerrilleros»]</ref>
<ref>[http://hemeroteca.proceso.com.mx/?page_id=278958&a51dc26366d99bb5fa29cea4747565fec=302354&rl=wh «Salinas recibió informes sobre Chiapas, desde julio del 93»]</ref> This dealt a serious blow to the recently restored [[Mexican government|Mexico]]-[[Holy See|Vatican]] diplomatic relationship,<ref>[http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2007/10/03/index.php?section=opinion&article=024a1pol «Relaciones entre México y el Vaticano»]</ref> taking account the May 24, 1993 political assassination of a Prince of the Catholic Church, the Guadalajara Cardinal [[Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo]], that the [[Attorney General of Mexico|PGR]] has left unresolved to this day.
,<ref>[http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2007/10/03/index.php?section=opinion&article=024a1pol «Relaciones entre México y el Vaticano»]</ref> taking account the May 24, 1993 political assassination of a Prince of the Catholic Church, the Guadalajara Cardinal [[Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo]], that the [[Attorney General of Mexico|PGR]] has left unresolved to this day.
 
Marcos's resolve was put to the test when the Zapatista Army of National Liberation was under military siege by the [[Mexican Army]] in their camp and in the [[Lacandon Jungle]]. Marcos's response was immediate, sending the then Secretary of Interior, Lic. [[Esteban Moctezuma]], with whom he had met three days earlier, the following message: "See you in hell". The facts seemed to confirm former Chiapas Peace Commissioner [[Manuel Camacho Solis]]'s accusations, made public in June 16, 1994, that the reason for his resignation was sabotage, done by the then presidential candidate Zedillo.
 
Under the considerable political pressure of a highly radicalized situation, and believing a peaceful solution to be possible, Mexican Secretary of the Interior Lic. [[Esteban Moctezuma]] campaigned to reach a peacefully negotiated solution to the [[1995 Zapatista Crisis]], betting it all on a creative strategy to reestablish a dialogue between the [[Mexican Government]] and the EZLN to find peace, by demonstrating to Marcos the terrible consequences of a military solution.
 
Making a strong position against the February 9 actions against Peace, [[Esteban Moctezuma|Moctezuma]], defender of a political solution, submitted his resignation to President Zedillo, but the Zedillo refused to accept it. Moved by Moctezuma's protest, President Zedillo abandoned the military offensive in favor of the improbable task of restoring the conditions for dialog to reach a negotiation. For these foregoing reasons the Mexican army eased its operation in Chiapas, giving an opportunity that Marcos needed to escape the military perimeter in the Lacandon jungle.
Making a strong position against the February 9 actions against Peace, [[Esteban Moctezuma|Moctezuma]], defender of a political solution, submitted his resignation to President Zedillo, but the Zedillo refused to accept it. Moved by Moctezuma's protest, President Zedillo abandoned the military offensive in favor of the improbable task of restoring the conditions for dialog to reach a negotiation. For these foregoing reasons the Mexican army eased its operation in Chiapas, giving an opportunity that Marcos needed to escape the military perimeter in the Lacandon jungle.<ref>[http://www.eluniversalmas.com.mx/editoriales/2013/01/62462.php «Renuncia en Gobernación»]</ref> Faced with this situation, [[Max Appedole]], [[Subcomandante Marcos|Rafael Guillén]], childhood friend and colleague, at the [[Society of Jesus|Jesuits]] College [[Instituto Cultural Tampico]] asked for help from [[Edén Pastora]] the legendary Nicaraguan "Commander Zero" to prepare a report for under-Secretary of the Interior [[Luis Maldonado Venegas]]; the Secretary of the Interior [[Esteban Moctezuma]] and the President Zedillo about Marcos natural pacifist vocation and the terrible consequences of a tragic outcome.<ref>[http://conexiontotal.mx/2013/03/24/tampico-la-conexion-zapatista/ «Tampico la conexión zapatista»] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131103083556/http://conexiontotal.mx/2013/03/24/tampico-la-conexion-zapatista/ |date=November 3, 2013 }}</ref> The document concluded that the marginalized groups and the radical left that exist in [[México]], have been vented with the Zapatistas movement, while Marcos maintains an open negotiating track. Eliminate Marcos, and his social containment work will not only cease, but will give opportunity to the radical groups to take control of the movement. They will respond to violence with violence. They would begin terrorist bombings, kidnappings and belligerent activities. The country would be in a very dangerous spiral, which could lead to very serious situations, because there is discontent not only in [[Chiapas]], but also in many other places in [[Mexico]].<ref name="«Marcos en la mira de Zedillo»">[http://www.proceso.com.mx/?p=243839 «Marcos en la mira de Zedillo»] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131017152025/http://www.proceso.com.mx/?p=243839 |date=October 17, 2013 }}</ref>
<ref>[http://www.eluniversalmas.com.mx/editoriales/2013/01/62462.php «Renuncia en Gobernación»]</ref>
Faced with this situation, [[Max Appedole]], [[Subcomandante Marcos|Rafael Guillén]], childhood friend and colleague, at the [[Society of Jesus|Jesuits]] College [[Instituto Cultural Tampico]] asked for help from [[Edén Pastora]] the legendary Nicaraguan "Commander Zero" to prepare a report for under-Secretary of the Interior [[Luis Maldonado Venegas]]; the Secretary of the Interior [[Esteban Moctezuma]] and the President Zedillo about Marcos natural pacifist vocation and the terrible consequences of a tragic outcome.
<ref>[http://conexiontotal.mx/2013/03/24/tampico-la-conexion-zapatista/ «Tampico la conexión zapatista»] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131103083556/http://conexiontotal.mx/2013/03/24/tampico-la-conexion-zapatista/ |date=November 3, 2013 }}</ref>
The document concluded that the marginalized groups and the radical left that exist in [[México]], have been vented with the Zapatistas movement, while Marcos maintains an open negotiating track. Eliminate Marcos, and his social containment work will not only cease, but will give opportunity to the radical groups to take control of the movement. They will respond to violence with violence. They would begin terrorist bombings, kidnappings and belligerent activities. The country would be in a very dangerous spiral, which could lead to very serious situations, because there is discontent not only in [[Chiapas]], but also in many other places in [[Mexico]].<ref name="«Marcos en la mira de Zedillo»">[http://www.proceso.com.mx/?p=243839 «Marcos en la mira de Zedillo»] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131017152025/http://www.proceso.com.mx/?p=243839 |date=October 17, 2013 }}</ref>
 
===2000s===