Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Changes

Zapatista Army of National Liberation

3 bytes added, 5 months ago
merge ==2005–2013 activities== with existing history section
 
Army camps set up along all major thoroughfares failed to capture the movement's commanders and the government pursued a policy of negotiation, while the Zapatistas developed a media campaign through numerous newspaper communiqués. Various "declarations from the Lacandon Jungle" focused on non-violent solutions. After the [[Sixth Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle]], the Zapatistas have not engaged in further military actions.{{citation needed|date=September 2016}}
 
=== 2000s ===
 
On June 28, 2005, the EZLN released an installment of what it called the Sixth Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle. According to the communiqué, the EZLN had reflected on its history and decided that it must change in order to continue its struggle. Accordingly, the EZLN had decided to unite with the "workers, farmers, students, teachers, and employees ... the workers of the city and the countryside." They proposed to do so through a non-electoral front to talk and collectively write a new constitution to establish a new political culture.
 
On January 1, 2006, the EZLN began a massive tour, "[[The Other Campaign]]", encompassing all 31 Mexican states in the buildup to that year's presidential election, which the EZLN made clear they would not participate in directly.
 
On May 3–4, 2006, a series of demonstrations protested the forcible removal of irregular flower vendors from a lot in [[Texcoco, State of Mexico|Texcoco]] for the construction of a [[Walmart]] branch. The protests turned violent when state police and the [[Federal Preventive Police]] bussed in some 5,000 agents to [[San Salvador Atenco]] and the surrounding communities. A local organization called the [[People's Front in Defense of the Land]] (FPDT), which adheres to the Sixth Declaration, called in support from other regional and national adherent organizations. "[[Delegate Zero]]" and his "[[Other Campaign]]" were at the time in nearby Mexico City, having just organized [[May Day]] events there, and quickly arrived at the scene. The following days were marked by violence, with some 216 arrests, over 30 rape and sexual abuse accusations against the police, five deportations, and one casualty, a 14-year-old boy named Javier Cortes shot by a policeman. A 20-year-old UNAM economics student, Alexis Benhumea, died on the morning of June 7, 2006, after being in a coma caused by a blow to the head from a tear-gas grenade launched by police.<ref>{{cite web|last=Alcántara|first=Liliana|title=Dan el último adiós a Alexis Benhumea|url=http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/nacion/139268.html|work=El Universal|accessdate=3 March 2011}}</ref> Most of the resistance organizing was done by the EZLN and Sixth Declaration adherents, and Delegate Zero stated that the "Other Campaign" tour would be temporarily halted until all prisoners were released.
 
In late 2006 and early 2007, the Zapatistas (through [[Subcomandante Marcos]]), along with other [[indigenous peoples of the Americas]], announced the Intercontinental Indigenous Encounter. They invited indigenous people from throughout the Americas and the rest of the world to gather on October 11–14, 2007, near [[Guaymas]], [[Sonora]]. The declaration for the conference designated this date because of ''"515 years since the [[Christopher Colombus|invasion]] of ancient Indigenous territories and the onslaught of the war of conquest, spoils and capitalist exploitation"''. Comandante David said in an interview, ''"The object of this meeting is to meet one another and to come to know one another’s pains and sufferings. It is to share our experiences, because each tribe is different."''<ref>Norrell, Brenda. "[http://www.narconews.com/Issue45/article2637.html Zapatistas Select Yaqui to Host Intercontinental Summit in Mexico]." ''Narco News'' (May 7, 2007).</ref>
 
The Third Encuentro of the Zapatistas People with the People of the World was held from December 28, 2007, through January 1, 2008.<ref>http://zeztainternazional.ezln.org.mx/ 2008.</ref>
 
In mid-January 2009, Marcos made a speech on behalf of the Zapatistas in which he supported the [[resistance of the Palestinians]] as ''"the Israeli government's [[Israel Defense Forces|heavily trained and armed military]] continues its march of death and destruction."'' He described the actions of the Israeli government as a ''"classic military war of conquest"''. He said, ''"The Palestinian people will also resist and survive and continue struggling and will continue to have sympathy from below for their cause."''<ref>[http://www.palestinechronicle.com/view_article_details.php?id=14653 "Zapatista Commander: Gaza Will Survive"] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090117005336/http://www.palestinechronicle.com/view_article_details.php?id=14653 |date=January 17, 2009 }} ''Palestine Chronicle''</ref>
 
=== 2010s ===
 
On August 8, 2013, the Zapatistas invited the world to a three-day fiesta to celebrate ten years of Zapatista autonomy, in the five caracoles in Chiapas. 1,500 activists from all over the world will join the event, named the Little School of Liberty according to the Zapatistas.<ref>Leonidas Oikonomakis on August 6, 2013 Zapatistas celebrate 10 years of autonomy with ‘escuelita’ http://roarmag.org/2013/08/escuelita-zapatista-10-year-autonomy/</ref><ref>"the Little School of Liberty according to the Zapatistas" http://enlacezapatista.ezln.org.mx/2013/08/04/votan-iv-dia-menos-7/</ref>
 
==== Military offensive ====
 
The independent media organization [[Indymedia]] also covers and prints Zapatista developments and communications.
 
==2005–2013 activities==
On June 28, 2005, the EZLN released an installment of what it called the Sixth Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle. According to the communiqué, the EZLN had reflected on its history and decided that it must change in order to continue its struggle. Accordingly, the EZLN had decided to unite with the "workers, farmers, students, teachers, and employees ... the workers of the city and the countryside." They proposed to do so through a non-electoral front to talk and collectively write a new constitution to establish a new political culture.
 
On January 1, 2006, the EZLN began a massive tour, "[[The Other Campaign]]", encompassing all 31 Mexican states in the buildup to that year's presidential election, which the EZLN made clear they would not participate in directly.
 
On May 3–4, 2006, a series of demonstrations protested the forcible removal of irregular flower vendors from a lot in [[Texcoco, State of Mexico|Texcoco]] for the construction of a [[Walmart]] branch. The protests turned violent when state police and the [[Federal Preventive Police]] bussed in some 5,000 agents to [[San Salvador Atenco]] and the surrounding communities. A local organization called the [[People's Front in Defense of the Land]] (FPDT), which adheres to the Sixth Declaration, called in support from other regional and national adherent organizations. "[[Delegate Zero]]" and his "[[Other Campaign]]" were at the time in nearby Mexico City, having just organized [[May Day]] events there, and quickly arrived at the scene. The following days were marked by violence, with some 216 arrests, over 30 rape and sexual abuse accusations against the police, five deportations, and one casualty, a 14-year-old boy named Javier Cortes shot by a policeman. A 20-year-old UNAM economics student, Alexis Benhumea, died on the morning of June 7, 2006, after being in a coma caused by a blow to the head from a tear-gas grenade launched by police.<ref>{{cite web|last=Alcántara|first=Liliana|title=Dan el último adiós a Alexis Benhumea|url=http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/nacion/139268.html|work=El Universal|accessdate=3 March 2011}}</ref> Most of the resistance organizing was done by the EZLN and Sixth Declaration adherents, and Delegate Zero stated that the "Other Campaign" tour would be temporarily halted until all prisoners were released.
 
In late 2006 and early 2007, the Zapatistas (through [[Subcomandante Marcos]]), along with other [[indigenous peoples of the Americas]], announced the Intercontinental Indigenous Encounter. They invited indigenous people from throughout the Americas and the rest of the world to gather on October 11–14, 2007, near [[Guaymas]], [[Sonora]]. The declaration for the conference designated this date because of ''"515 years since the [[Christopher Colombus|invasion]] of ancient Indigenous territories and the onslaught of the war of conquest, spoils and capitalist exploitation"''. Comandante David said in an interview, ''"The object of this meeting is to meet one another and to come to know one another’s pains and sufferings. It is to share our experiences, because each tribe is different."''<ref>Norrell, Brenda. "[http://www.narconews.com/Issue45/article2637.html Zapatistas Select Yaqui to Host Intercontinental Summit in Mexico]." ''Narco News'' (May 7, 2007).</ref>
 
The Third Encuentro of the Zapatistas People with the People of the World was held from December 28, 2007, through January 1, 2008.<ref>http://zeztainternazional.ezln.org.mx/ 2008.</ref>
 
In mid-January 2009, Marcos made a speech on behalf of the Zapatistas in which he supported the [[resistance of the Palestinians]] as ''"the Israeli government's [[Israel Defense Forces|heavily trained and armed military]] continues its march of death and destruction."'' He described the actions of the Israeli government as a ''"classic military war of conquest"''. He said, ''"The Palestinian people will also resist and survive and continue struggling and will continue to have sympathy from below for their cause."''<ref>[http://www.palestinechronicle.com/view_article_details.php?id=14653 "Zapatista Commander: Gaza Will Survive"] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090117005336/http://www.palestinechronicle.com/view_article_details.php?id=14653 |date=January 17, 2009 }} ''Palestine Chronicle''</ref>
 
On August 8, 2013, the Zapatistas invited the world to a three-day fiesta to celebrate ten years of Zapatista autonomy, in the five caracoles in Chiapas. 1,500 activists from all over the world will join the event, named the Little School of Liberty according to the Zapatistas.<ref>Leonidas Oikonomakis on August 6, 2013 Zapatistas celebrate 10 years of autonomy with ‘escuelita’ http://roarmag.org/2013/08/escuelita-zapatista-10-year-autonomy/</ref><ref>"the Little School of Liberty according to the Zapatistas" http://enlacezapatista.ezln.org.mx/2013/08/04/votan-iv-dia-menos-7/</ref>
 
== Horizontal autonomy and indigenous leadership==