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Zapatista Army of National Liberation

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The '''Zapatista Army of National Liberation''' (''Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional'', '''EZLN'''), often referred to as the '''Zapatistas''' {{IPA-es|sapaˈtistas|}}, is a [[far-left|revolutionary left]]ist political and militant group based in [[Chiapas]], the southernmost state of [[Mexico]].
 
Since 1994 the group has been in a declared war "against the Mexican state", and against military, paramilitary and corporate incursions into Chiapas.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://roarmag.org/essays/brief-history-ezln-uprising/|title=A brief history of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation|newspaper=ROAR Magazine|access-date=2016-11-13}}</ref> This war has been primarily defensive. In recent years, it has focused on a strategy of [[civil resistance]]. The Zapatistas' main body is made up of mostly rural [[Indigenous peoples of Mexico|indigenous people]], but includes some supporters in urban areas and internationally. Their main spokesperson is [[Subcomandante Marcos|Subcomandante Insurgente Galeano]], previously known as Subcomandante Marcos (a.k.a. Compañero Galeano and Delegate Zero in relation to "[[the Other Campaign]]"). Unlike other Zapatista spokespeople, Marcos is not an indigenous [[Maya peoples|Maya]].<ref>Gahman, Levi: Zapatistas Begin a New Cycle of Building Indigenous Autonomy http://www.cipamericas.org/archives/12372/</ref>
 
The group takes its name from [[Emiliano Zapata]], the agrarian reformer and commander of the [[Liberation Army of the South]] during the [[Mexican Revolution]], and sees itself as his ideological heir. Nearly all EZLN villages contain murals with images of Zapata, [[Che Guevara|Ernesto "Che" Guevara]], and Subcomandante Marcos.<ref>Baspineiro, Alex Contreras. "[http://www.narconews.com/Issue33/article970.html The Mysterious Silence of the Mexican Zapatistas]." ''Narco News'' (May 7, 2004).</ref>
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