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Marble

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The word "marble" derives from the [[Ancient Greek]] {{lang|grc|μάρμαρον (''mármaron'')}},<ref>[http://www.pberseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dma%2Frmaron μάρμαρον], Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, ''A Greek–English Lexicon'', on Perseus Digital Library</ref> from {{lang|grc|μάρμαρος (''mármaros'')}}, "crystalline rock, shining stone",<ref>[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dma%2Frmaros μάρμαρος], Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, ''A Greek–English Lexicon'', on Perseus Digital Library</ref><ref>[http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/marble?view=uk Marble, Compact Oxford English Dictionary]. Askoxford.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-30.</ref> perhaps from the verb {{lang|el|μαρμαίρω (''marmaírō'')}}, "to flash, sparkle, gleam";<ref>[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dmarmai%2Frw μαρμαίρω], Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, ''A Greek-English Lexicon'', on Perseus Digital Library</ref> [[Robert S. P. Beekes|R. S. P. Beekes]] has suggested that a "[[Pre-Greek]] origin is probable."<ref>[[Robert S. P. Beekes|R. S. P. Beekes]], ''Etymological Dictionary of Greek'', Brill, 2009, p. 907.</ref>
[[File:Catedraldemarmol.JPG|thumb|left|Folded and weathered marble at [[General Carrera Lake]], [[Chile]]]]
This stem is also the basis for the English word ''marmoreal'', meaning "marble-like." While the English term resembles the [[French language|French]] ''{{lang|fr|marbre}}'', most other European languages follow the original Greek—see [[Persian language|Persian]] and [[Irish language|Irish]] ''{{lang|ga|marmar}}'', [[Spanish language|Spanish]] ''{{lang|es|mármol}}'', [[Italian language|Italian]] ''{{lang|it|marmo}}'', [[Portuguese language|Portuguese]] ''{{lang|pt|mármore}}'', [[Welsh language|Welsh]], [[Slovene language|Slovene]], [[German language|German]], [[Norwegian language|Norwegian]], [[Danish language|Danish]] and [[Swedish language|Swedish]] ''{{lang|de|marmor}}'', [[Finnish language|Finnish]] ''marmori,'' [[Romanian language|Romanian]] ''{{lang|ro|marmură}}'', [[Polish language|Polish]] ''{{lang|pl|marmur}}'', [[Dutch language|Dutch]] ''{{lang|nl|marmer}}'', [[Turkish language|Turkish]] ''{{lang|tr|mermer}}'','' ''[[Czech language|Czech]] ''{{lang|cz|mramor}}'', and [[Russian language|Russian]] {{lang|ru|мрáмор (''mramor''}}). In [[Hungarian language|Hungarian]] it is called ''{{lang|hu|márvány}}''.viva franco
 
==Physical origins==