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WP:CHECKWIKI error fix #69. ISBN problem. Do general fixes and cleanup if needed. - using AWB
In 809, when [[Pope Leo III]] was asked to approve the addition to the [[Nicene Creed]] of the [[Filioque]], first included by the [[Third Council of Toledo]] (589) and later adopted widely in Spain, the Frankish empire and England, he refused:<ref>[ Sergeĭ Nikolaevich Bulgakov, ''The Comforter''] (Eerdmans 2004 ISBN 978-0-8028-2112-6), p. 92]</ref><ref>[ Andrew Louth, ''Greek East and Latin West''] (St Vladimir's Seminary Press 2007 ISBN 978-0-88141-320-5), p. 142]</ref>
{{quote|In 809 a council was held at Aix-la-Chapelle by Charlemagne, and from it three divines were sent to confer with the Pope, Leo III, upon the subject. The Pope opposed the insertion of the Filioque on the express ground that the General Councils had forbidden any addition to be made to their formulary ... So firmly resolved was the Pope that the clause should not be introduced into the creed that he presented two silver shields to the Confessio in St. Peter’s at Rome, on one of which was engraved the creed in Latin and on the other in Greek, without the addition.<ref name="">[ Phillip Schaff - ''Historical Excursus on the Introduction into the Creed of the Words "and the Son."'']</ref>}}