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Orthodox understanding of Catholicity
==Orthodox understanding of Catholicity==
The test of authentic catholicity is adherence to the authority of the Church's ''Holy Tradition,'' and then to the witness of Sacred "[[Religious text#Christianity|Scripture]]," which is itself a major part of the Church's livingaforementioned Apostolic"Holy Tradition." It is not defined by adherence to any particular See. It is the position of the [[Orthodox Church]] that it has never accepted the pope as ''de jure'' leader of the entire church. All bishops are equal 'as Peter' therefore every church under every bishop (consecrated in apostolic succession) is fully complete (the original meaning of ''catholic'').
Referring to Ignatius of Antioch<ref>Epistle to the Smyrnaeans - Chapter VIII.-Let Nothing Be Done Without the Bishop.</ref> Carlton says
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