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Fifth Ecumenical Council
=== Fifth Ecumenical Council ===
A controversy arose out of the writings known as [[Three Chapters]] – written by bishops [[Theodore of Mopsuestia|Theodore]], [[Theodoret]], and [[Ibas of Edessa|Ibas]]. [[Pope Vigilius]] opposed the condemnation of the Three Chapters. At the [[Second Council of Constantinople|Fifth Ecumenical Council]] (553) the assembled bishops condemned and anathematized Three Chapters. After the council threatened to excommunicate him and remove him from office, Vigilius changed his mind – blaming the devil for misleading him.<ref>Whelton, M., (1998) ''Two Paths: Papal Monarchy - Collegial Tradition'', (Regina Orthodox Press; Salisbury, MA), pp68ff.</ref>
Bossuet wrote