Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Changes

Pustków, Podkarpackie Voivodeship

23 bytes removed, 4 years ago
Typo fixing, general fixes and clean up, removed stub tag, typos fixed: mid 1940 → mid-1940, high ranking officers → high-ranking officers using AWB
 
==World War II==
Pustków was the location of the Nazi German troop-training facility called ''HL-Heidelager'' for the [[14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Ukrainian)|Ukrainian 14th Waffen SS Division]],<ref name="Heidelager">{{cite web | url=http://pustkow.republika.pl/historia.html | title=''HL-Heidelager: SS-TruppenÜbungsPlatz'' | publisher=Pustkow.Republika.pl | work=Historia poligonu Heidelager w Pustkowie | dateyear=2013 | accessdate=6 July 2013 | format=with collection of historical photographs | language=Polish}}</ref> as well as other collaborationists military formations including Estonian.<ref name="Goldsworthy">{{cite web | url=http://books.google.ca/books?id=1KPsZGCesO0C&pg=PA144&lpg=PA144&dq=Szebnie+%22POW%22&source=bl&ots=_KfRmDRHL1&sig=R5C0vHkrPiXR-MJ2DX5Ai_YIumE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Mq7XUa6WBqOXiAKZ8YDgDg&ved=0CE0Q6AEwBDgU#v=onepage&q=Szebnie%20%22POW%22&f=false | title=Valhalla's Warriors | publisher=Dog Ear Publishing | work=A History of the Waffen-SS on the Eastern Front 1941-1945 | dateyear=2010 | accessdate={{nobreak|July 5, 2013}} | author=Terry Goldsworthy | page=144 | format=Google Book preview | isbn=1608446395}}</ref> Their training, included also killing operations inside the camps and Jewish ghettos in the vicinity of Pustków and in the town itself, most notably, at the [[Szebnie concentration camp]] nearby.<ref name="Margolian">{{cite webbook | url=http://books.google.ca/books?ei=u8LXUZnUC4r1iQLZzYCYDg&id=5fdmAAAAMAAJ&dq=Szebnie+%22Waffen+SS%22&q=Szebnie | title=Unauthorized entry: the truth about Nazi war criminals in Canada, 1946-1956 | publisher=University of Toronto Press | year=2000 | accessdate=July 6, 2013 | author=Howard Margolian | page=132 | isbn=0802042775}}</ref><ref name="Bracik">{{cite web | url=http://web.archive.org/web/20100201015314/http://b.1asphost.com/jaslo/oboz.html | title=Obóz w Szebniach (Camp in Szebnie) | publisher=''Region Jasielski'', nr 3 (39) | year=2003 | accessdate={{nobreak|July 4, 2013}} | author=Jacek Bracik, Józef Twaróg | format=[[Internet Archive]] | language=Polish}}</ref>
 
Locals who lived in the vicinity were evicted already in mid-1940.<ref name="Heidelager" /> The ''SS TruppenÜbungsPlatz "Heidelager"'' as it was known eventually, was in use since the fall of 1941, under the command of ''SS Oberführer'' Werner von Schele.<ref name="Heidelager" /> The name was changed from the ''SS TruppenÜbungsPlatz "Ostpolen"'' on August 25, 1943. The last commandant of the training range was ''SS Oberführer'' Bernhardt Voss until the summer of 1944. The facility resembled a small city with its own narrow gauge railroad, some 3,600 men of different nationalities, cinemas, dining halls, dozens of villas, a newsletter, even a camp brothel staffed by female prisoners from the slave-labor camp nearby, and the hunting parties for the high-ranking officers. This is where the [[Galizien Division]] came into existence. The range was visited by ''[[Reichsführer-SS]]'' [[Heinrich Himmler]] on September 28, 1943, and abandoned in the summer of 1944 ahead of the Soviet advance.<ref name="Heidelager" />
 
Locals who lived in the vicinity were evicted already in mid 1940.<ref name="Heidelager" /> The ''SS TruppenÜbungsPlatz "Heidelager"'' as it was known eventually, was in use since the fall of 1941, under the command of ''SS Oberführer'' Werner von Schele.<ref name="Heidelager" /> The name was changed from the ''SS TruppenÜbungsPlatz "Ostpolen"'' on August 25, 1943. The last commandant of the training range was ''SS Oberführer'' Bernhardt Voss until the summer of 1944. The facility resembled a small city with its own narrow gauge railroad, some 3,600 men of different nationalities, cinemas, dining halls, dozens of villas, a newsletter, even a camp brothel staffed by female prisoners from the slave-labor camp nearby, and the hunting parties for the high ranking officers. This is where the [[Galizien Division]] came into existence. The range was visited by ''[[Reichsführer-SS]]'' [[Heinrich Himmler]] on September 28, 1943, and abandoned in the summer of 1944 ahead of the Soviet advance.<ref name="Heidelager" />
==References==
{{reflist}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Pustkow, Subcarpathian Voivodeship}}
[[Category:Villages in Dębica County]]
 
 
{{Dębica-geo-stub}}