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Speaker of the Parliament of Finland

The speaker of the Parliament of Finland (Finnish eduskunnan puhemies, Swedish riksdagens talman), along with two deputy speakers, is elected by Parliament during the first plenary session each year. Speakers are chosen for a year at a time. In addition to their preparing the work in plenary sessions the speakers also play a key role in Parliament's international co-operation, which includes visits by speakers and international delegations as well as participation in numerous interparliamentary organisations.

Speaker of the Parliament of the Republic of Finland
Eduskunnan puhemies
Riksdagens talman
Logo of the Parliament of Finland.svg
Logo of the Parliament
Matti Vanhanen 2017 06.jpg
Incumbent
Matti Vanhanen

since 7 June 2019
Parliament of Finland
SeatHelsinki, Finland
AppointerElected by the Parliament
During the first plenary session every year
Term lengthOne year
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Finland
PrecursorSpeakers of the Diet of Finland
Formation1907
First holderPehr Evind Svinhufvud
DeputyTwo deputy speakers
Salary€ 13,390 per month[1]
Websitewww.eduskunta.fi

The speaker and two deputy speakers are elected by parliament from among its members by secret ballot. After the election the speaker and deputy speakers each make the following solemn affirmation before Parliament:

"I, ..., affirm that in my office as speaker I will to the best of my ability defend the rights of the people, parliament and the government of Finland according to the Constitution."

Formally, the speaker ranks second in the protocol, after the president of Finland.

An interim speaker is elected for the duration of government formation talks.

The title puhemies or talman has, both in Finnish and Swedish, the literal meaning 'spokesman', which has caused mild controversies in terms of sexism in language. However, according to official language authorities, the title is not easy to change to a more gender-neutral alternative due to its "strong connection to the institution and history of the Parliament".[2]

Contents

List of speakers of the Parliament of FinlandEdit

Name[3] Image Took office Left office Party
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud   23.5.1907 31.1.1913 Young Finnish Party
Oskari Tokoi 3.2.1913 1.2.1914 Social Democratic Party
Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg   3.2.1914 3.4.1917 Young Finnish Party
Kullervo Manner   4.4.1917 30.10.1917 Social Democratic Party
Johannes Lundson   2.11.1917 25.9.1918 Young Finnish Party
Lauri Ingman   27.9.1918 4.11.1918 Finnish Party
Ernst Nevanlinna   6.11.1918 11.11.1918 Finnish Party
Lauri Ingman   13.11.1918 28.11.1918 Finnish Party
Paavo Virkkunen   29.11.1918 31.3.1919 Finnish Party
Lauri Kristian Relander   2.4.1919 8.5.1920 Agrarian League
Kyösti Kallio   8.5.1920 29.3.1921 Agrarian League
Wäinö Wuolijoki   31.3.1921 4.9.1922 Social Democratic Party
Kyösti Kallio   6.9.1922 14.11.1922 Agrarian League
Wäinö Wuolijoki   15.11.1922 31.1.1923 Social Democratic Party
Paavo Virkkunen   2.2.1923 30.4.1924 National Coalition Party
Kyösti Kallio   2.5.1924 31.3.1925 Agrarian League
Wäinö Wuolijoki   1.4.1925 31.1.1926 Social Democratic Party
Paavo Virkkunen   2.2.1926 1.9.1927 National Coalition Party
Kyösti Kallio   3.9.1927 31.1.1928 Agrarian League
Paavo Virkkunen   1.2.1928 31.1.1929 National Coalition Party
Kyösti Kallio   1.2.1929 16.8.1929 Agrarian League
Paavo Virkkunen   17.8.1929 7.7.1930 National Coalition Party
Juho Sunila   8.7.1930 20.10.1930 Agrarian League
Kyösti Kallio   21.10.1930 8.10.1936 Agrarian League
Väinö Hakkila   9.10.1936 4.4.1945 Social Democratic Party
Karl-August Fagerholm   6.4.1945 14.7.1948 Social Democratic Party
Urho Kekkonen   22.7.1948 21.3.1950 Agrarian League
Karl-August Fagerholm   23.3.1950 6.3.1956 Social Democratic Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen   9.3.1956 28.5.1957 Agrarian League
Karl-August Fagerholm   31.5.1957 6.6.1958 Social Democratic Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen   29.7.1958 14.1.1959 Agrarian League
Karl-August Fagerholm   14.1.1959 16.2.1962 Social Democratic Party
Kauno Kleemola   24.2.1962 12.3.1965 Agrarian League / Centre Party
Karl-August Fagerholm   23.3.1965 4.4.1966 Social Democratic Party
Rafael Paasio   14.4.1966 1.6.1966 Social Democratic Party
Johannes Virolainen   3.6.1966 26.3.1968 Centre Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen   26.3.1968 20.3.1970 Centre Party
Rafael Paasio   3.4.1970 29.2.1972 Social Democratic Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen   29.2.1972 28.1.1976 Centre Party
Veikko Helle   5.2.1976 31.1.1978 Social Democratic Party
Ahti Pekkala   1.2.1978 29.5.1979 Centre Party
Johannes Virolainen   5.6.1979 25.3.1983 Centre Party
Erkki Pystynen   7.4.1983 25.3.1987 National Coalition Party
Ilkka Suominen   2.4.1987 5.5.1987 National Coalition Party
Matti Ahde   8.5.1987 1.2.1989 Social Democratic Party
Kalevi Sorsa   1.2.1989 21.3.1991 Social Democratic Party
Esko Aho   4.4.1991 26.4.1991 Centre Party
Ilkka Suominen   30.4.1991 6.2.1994 National Coalition Party
Riitta Uosukainen   7.2.1994 23.3.1995 National Coalition Party
Paavo Lipponen   28.3.1995 19.4.1995 Social Democratic Party
Riitta Uosukainen   21.4.1995 23.3.1999 National Coalition Party
Jukka Mikkola   30.3.1999 16.4.1999 Social Democratic Party
Riitta Uosukainen   20.4.1999 18.3.2003 National Coalition Party
Anneli Jäätteenmäki   25.3.2003 16.4.2003 Centre Party
Paavo Lipponen   22.4.2003 20.3.2007 Social Democratic Party
Timo Kalli   27.3.2007 20.4.2007 Centre Party
Sauli Niinistö   24.4.2007 19.4.2011 National Coalition Party
Ben Zyskowicz   27.4.2011 22.6.2011 National Coalition Party
Eero Heinäluoma   23.6.2011 21.4.2015 Social Democratic Party
Juha Sipilä   28.4.2015 29.5.2015 Centre Party
Maria Lohela   29.5.2015 5.2.2018 Finns Party / Blue Reform
Paula Risikko   5.2.2018 16.4.2019 National Coalition Party
Antti Rinne   24.4.2019 5.6.2019 Social Democratic Party
Matti Vanhanen   7.6.2019 Incumbent Centre Party

List of deputy speakersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.hs.fi/politiikka/art-2000006075916.html
  2. ^ "History of Finnish Parliament". Eduskunta. Archived from the original on 2014-06-06.
  3. ^ "History of Finnish Parliament". Eduskunta. Archived from the original on 2014-06-06.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Speakers of the Parliament of Finland at Wikimedia Commons