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SpaceX CRS-14, also known as SpX-14, was a Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station launched on 2 April 2018. The mission was contracted by NASA and was flown by SpaceX. This mission reused the Falcon 9 first stage booster previously flown on CRS-12 and the Dragon capsule flown on CRS-8.[1]

SpaceX CRS-14
SpaceX CRS-14 Dragon approaches the ISS (1).jpg
SpaceX CRS-14 arriving at the ISS on 4 April 2018
Mission typeISS resupply
OperatorSpaceX
COSPAR ID2018-032A
SATCAT no.43267
Mission durationPlanned: 1 month
Final: 32 days, 22 hours, 32 minutes
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftDragon C110.2[1]
Spacecraft typeCRS Dragon
ManufacturerSpaceX
Dry mass4,200 kg (9,300 lb)
DimensionsHeight: 6.1 m (20 ft)
Diameter: 3.7 m (12 ft)
Start of mission
Launch date2 April 2018, 20:30:38 (2018-04-02UTC20:30:38) UTC[2]
RocketFalcon 9 Full Thrust
Launch siteCape Canaveral SLC-40
ContractorSpaceX
End of mission
DisposalRecovered
Landing date5 May 2018, 19:03 (2018-05-05UTC19:04) UTC[3]
Landing sitePacific Ocean,
off Baja California
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Inclination51.6°
Berthing at ISS
Berthing portHarmony nadir
RMS capture4 April 2018, 10:40 UTC[4]
Berthing date4 April 2018, 13:00 UTC[4]
Unberthing dateEarly morning, 5 May 2018[5]
RMS release5 May 2018, 13:23 UTC[6]
Time berthed30 days
Cargo
Mass2,647 kg (5,836 lb)[7]
Pressurised1,721 kg (3,794 lb)[7]
Unpressurised926 kg (2,041 lb)[7]
SpaceX CRS-14 Patch.png
NASA SpX-14 mission patch  

Mission overviewEdit

In early 2015, NASA awarded a contract extension to SpaceX for three additional CRS missions (CRS-13 to CRS-15).[8] As of June 2016, a NASA Inspector General report had this mission manifested for February 2018.[9] The flight had been delayed from 9 February and 13 March 2018.[2]

Launch occurred on 2 April 2018 at 20:30 UTC on a Falcon 9 Full Thrust rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40.[10] The Dragon spacecraft rendezvoused with the ISS on 4 April; it was captured by Canadarm2 at 10:40 UTC and was berthed to the Harmony module at 13:00 UTC.[4] It remained there for just under 31 days before being unberthed by Canadarm2 in the early hours of 5 May 2018.[5] The spacecraft was released at 13:23 UTC and autonomously backed away from the station to a safe distance before firing its thrusters for a deorbit burn at 18:06 UTC.[6] Dragon splashed down in the Pacific Ocean at 19:03 UTC to be retrieved by a SpaceX recovery crew and transported to the Port of Los Angeles, returning 1,743 kg (3,843 lb) of cargo to Earth.[3][6]

No attempt was made to recover the first stage booster; instead, the booster was used to conduct experimental maneuvers designed to test the limits of its flight trajectory.[10]

PayloadEdit

NASA contracted for the CRS-14 mission from SpaceX and therefore determined the primary payload, date/time of launch, and orbital parameters for the Dragon space capsule. CRS-14 carried a total of 2,647 kg (5,836 lb) of material into orbit. This includes 1,721 kg (3,794 lb) of pressurised cargo with packaging bound for the International Space Station, and 926 kg (2,041 lb) of unpressurised cargo. The unpressurised component is composed of two external station experiments, Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM) and Materials ISS Experiment Flight Facility (MISSE-FF), and a Pump and Flow Control Subassembly (PFCS) orbital replacement unit for the station.[7][10]

Multiple payloads from national labs are also included,[11] one of which is the RemoveDEBRIS mission which will be deployed from the ISS. The mission aims to test a harpoon and a net on test debris that the mission carries to evaluate the viability of these methods to be used in future missions to remove real space debris. At the end of the mission the RemoveDEBRIS spacecraft will deploy a large dragsail to accelerate its own deorbit to avoid becoming space debris itself.[12] HP was also contracted by NASA to install a new inkjet printer for the US lab.[13][14]

The following is a breakdown of cargo bound for the ISS:[7]

  • Science investigations: 1,070 kg (2,359 lb)
  • Crew supplies: 344 kg (758 lb)
  • Vehicle hardware: 148 kg (326 lb)
  • Spacewalk equipment: 99 kg (218 lb)
  • Computer resources: 49 kg (108 lb)
    • New HP Workstation laptops
    • HP Envy inkjet printer
  • Russian hardware: 11 kg (24 lb)
  • External payloads: 926 kg (2,041 lb)
    • Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM)
    • Materials ISS Experiment Flight Facility (MISSE-FF)
    • Pump and Flow Control Subassembly (PFCS)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bergin, Chris (28 March 2018). "Falcon 9 set for CRS-14 mission completes Static Fire testing". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Clark, Stephen (2 April 2018). "Launch Log". Spaceflight Now. Archived from the original on 5 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b Malik, Tariq (5 May 2018). "SpaceX Dragon Capsule Returns to Earth from Space Station". Space.com. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Clark, Stephen (4 April 2018). "Dragon cargo capsule reaches space station for second time". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  5. ^ a b Richardson, Derek (5 May 2018). "CRS-14 Dragon returns experiments, hardware to Earth". Spaceflight Insider. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  6. ^ a b c Clark, Stephen (5 May 2018). "Reused Dragon cargo carrier splashes down in Pacific Ocean". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Overview: SpaceX CRS-14 Mission" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  8. ^ de Selding, Peter B. (24 February 2016). "SpaceX wins 5 new space station cargo missions in NASA contract estimated at $700 million". SpaceNews. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  9. ^ NASA’s Response to SpaceX's June 2015 Launch Failure: Impacts on Commercial Resupply of the International Space Station (PDF) (Report). NASA Office of Inspector General. 28 June 2016. p. 13. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  10. ^ a b c Graham, William (2 April 2018). "CRS-14: SpaceX Falcon 9 conducts second flight with previously flown Dragon". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  11. ^ Messier, Doug (22 March 2018). "Dragon Mission to Carry CASIS-Sponsored Experiments to Space Station". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  12. ^ Amos, Jonathan (2 April 2018). "Space junk demo mission launches". BBC News. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  13. ^ Heater, Brian (2 April 2018). "The International Space Station is getting a new printer". TechCrunch. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  14. ^ Krishna, Swapna (2 April 2018). "The ISS will replace its 17-year-old printer this week". Engadget. Retrieved 4 April 2018.

External linksEdit