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A Mughal sowar hurries to the relief of Surat, after the devastation caused by the Marathas in the Battle of Surat.
A sowar of the 6th Madras Light Cavalry, serving the British East India Company, circa 1845.

Sowar (Hindi: सवार, ਸਵਾਰ, also siwar meaning "the one who rides" or "rider", from Persian sawār),[1] was originally a rank during the Mughal, Maratha period. Later during the British Raj it was the name in Anglo-Indian usage for a horse-soldier belonging to the cavalry troops of the native armies of British India and the feudal states. It is also used more specifically of a mounted orderly, escort or guard. It was also the rank held by ordinary cavalry troopers, equivalent to sepoy in the infantry — this rank has been inherited by the modern armies of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

The Sowar name has been used as the moniker for a line of wrist-watches by the Swiss West End Watch Co.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ostler, Nicholas (2010). The Last Lingua Franca: English Until the Return of Babel. Penguin UK. pp. 1–352. ISBN 978-0141922218.