Sowar (Hindi: सवार, Punjabi: ਸਵਾਰ, Urdu: سوار, also siwar meaning "the one who rides" or "rider", from Persian sawār) was originally a rank during the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire. Later during the British Raj it was the name in Anglo-Indian usage for a horse-soldier belonging to the cavalry troops of the native armies of British India and the feudal states. It is also used more specifically of a mounted orderly, escort or guard. It was also the rank held by ordinary cavalry troopers, equivalent to sepoy in the infantry — this rank has been inherited by the modern armies of India and Pakistan.
|Country||Delhi Sultanate |
|Equipment||Composite bow, Scimitar, Spear, and Musket|
An image from the Carnatic Wars features a Sowar armed with a Musket.
Sowar has been used as the name of a line of wrist-watches by the Swiss West End Watch Co.