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Sowar (Hindi: सवार, Punjabi: ਸਵਾਰ, سوار, also Siwar meaning "the one who rides" or "rider", from Persian sawār)[1] was originally a rank representing a cavalryman from within the empire of the Great Mogul.

CountryIndian subcontinent
EquipmentTalwar, Scimitar, Khanjar, bow and arrow
A Deccani courtier, c.1600.
A sowar of the 6th Madras Light Cavalry, serving the British East India Company, circa 1845.

The unit was preserved until later during the British Raj it was the name in Anglo-Indian usage for a horse-soldier belonging to the cavalry troops of the native armies of British India and the feudal states. It is also used more specifically of a mounted orderly, escort or guard. It was also the rank held by ordinary cavalry troopers, equivalent to sepoy in the infantry — this rank has been inherited by the modern armies of India and Pakistan.

The Sowar name has been used as the moniker for a line of wrist-watches by the Swiss West End Watch Co.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ostler, Nicholas (2010). The Last Lingua Franca: English Until the Return of Babel. Penguin UK. pp. 1–352. ISBN 978-0141922218.