Southwest Area Fleet
|Southwest Area Fleet|
|Active||April 10, 1942 – 15 Sep 1945|
|Branch||Imperial Japanese Navy|
|Battle honours||Pacific Theatre of World War II|
The Southwest Area Fleet was an operational command of the Imperial Japanese Navy established on April 10, 1942 to coordinate naval, air, and ground forces for the invasion, occupation and defense of the Philippines, French Indochina, Malaya, and the Netherlands East Indies.
After February 1945, the headquarters of the Southwest Area Fleet was isolated in the Philippines, and the IJN 10th Area Fleet was created in Singapore to take over operational command of its surviving forces, with the exception of the 3rd Southern Expeditionary Fleet, which was also trapped in the Philippines. Through fierce fighting during the American re-occupation of the Philippines, especially in Manila, Cebu and Mindanao, the surviving elements of the Southwest Area Fleet and the 3rd Southern Expeditionary Fleet were largely annihilated by the end of May 1945.
- Southwest Area Fleet (HQ Manila)
- First Expeditionary Fleet (Singapore)
- Second Expeditionary Fleet (Surabaya)
- Third Expeditionary Fleet (Manila)
- Fourth Expeditionary Fleet (Ambon)
- IJN 13th Air Fleet
Commanders of the IJN Southwest FleetEdit
|Commander in chief||Dates||Previous Post||Next Post||Notes|
2nd Southern Exepeditionary Fleet
Navy General Staff
|Naval Councilor||Also Commander-in-chief|
2nd Southern Exepeditionary Fleet until 15 April 1943
Chief of staff
|1||Vice-Admiral||Toshihisa Nakamura||10 Apr 1942 – 10 Oct 1942|
|2||Vice-Admiral||Takeo Tada||10 Oct 1942 – 15 Mar 1944|
|3||Rear-Admiral||Hidehiko Nishio||15 Mar 1944 – 1 Nov 1944|
|4||Vice-Admiral||Kaoru Arima||1 Nov 1944 – 6 Sep 1945|
- D'Albas, Death of a Navy
- Wendel, Axis History Database
- D'Albas, Andrieu (1965). Death of a Navy: Japanese Naval Action in World War II. Devin-Adair Pub. ISBN 0-8159-5302-X.
- Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1.
- Wendel, Marcus. "Axis History Database". Retrieved 2007-08-25.