Southland District

Coordinates: 45°38′00″S 167°55′00″E / 45.6333333333°S 167.916666667°E / -45.6333333333; 167.916666667

Southland District is a New Zealand territorial authority that covers the south of the South Island as well as Stewart Island/Rakiura.

Southland District
Location of the Southland District within the South Island
Location of the Southland District within the South Island
CountryNew Zealand
RegionSouthland Region
Communities
  • Ardlussa
  • Fiordland
  • Northern
  • Oraka Aparima
  • Oreti
  • Stewart Island/Rakiura
  • Tuatapere Te Waewae
  • Waihopai Toetoe
  • Wallace Takitimu
Wards
  • Mararoa Waimea
  • Stewart Island Rakiura
  • Waiau Aparima
  • Waihopai Toetoes
  • Winton Wallacetown
Formed1989
SeatInvercargill
Government
 • MayorRob Scott
 • Territorial authoritySouthland District Council
Area
 • Land29,574.53 km2 (11,418.79 sq mi)
Population
 (June 2022)[2]
 • Total32,600
Time zoneUTC+12 (NZST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+13 (NZDT)
Postcode(s)
WebsiteSouthland District Council

HistoryEdit

Southland District was formed through the 1989 local government reforms.[3] Four local authorities were amalgamated at that time: Wallace County, Winton Borough, Stewart Island County and most of Southland County. John Casey, who was first elected onto Southland County Council in 1977, oversaw the amalgamation and was elected Southland District's first mayor in 1989.[4]

Winton Wallacetown Ward was renamed Oreti Ward with effect from the Council election on 12 October 2019.[5] The Oreti River flows through this ward.

GeographyEdit

 
Lake Manapouri

Southland District covers the majority of the land area of Southland Region, although the region also covers Gore District, Invercargill City and adjacent territorial waters. It has a land area of 29,574.53 km2, excluding inland waters such as Lake Te Anau, Lake Manapouri, and Lake Hauroko.

Southland District contains the islands south of Foveaux Strait:

The seat of the District Council is Invercargill, which, however, is not part of Southland District, but a territorial authority in its own right.

Two of New Zealand's largest national parks are within the boundaries of Southland District: Fiordland National Park, and Rakiura National Park (which covers most of Stewart Island/Rakiura).

DemographicsEdit

Southland District covers 29,574.53 km2 (11,418.79 sq mi)[1] and had an estimated population of 32,600 as of June 2022,[2] with a population density of 1.1 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
200628,437—    
201329,613+0.58%
201830,864+0.83%
Source: [6]

Southland District had a population of 30,864 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 1,251 people (4.2%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 2,427 people (8.5%) since the 2006 census. There were 11,982 households. There were 16,029 males and 14,835 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.08 males per female. The median age was 39.1 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 6,534 people (21.2%) aged under 15 years, 5,262 (17.0%) aged 15 to 29, 14,436 (46.8%) aged 30 to 64, and 4,635 (15.0%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 88.1% European/Pākehā, 11.1% Māori, 1.1% Pacific peoples, 6.2% Asian, and 2.3% other ethnicities. People may identify with more than one ethnicity.

The percentage of people born overseas was 13.6, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 51.7% had no religion, 38.4% were Christian, 0.5% were Hindu, 0.2% were Muslim, 0.3% were Buddhist and 1.7% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 3,363 (13.8%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 5,739 (23.6%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $36,300, compared with $31,800 nationally. 3,732 people (15.3%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 13,956 (57.4%) people were employed full-time, 4,053 (16.7%) were part-time, and 519 (2.1%) were unemployed.[6]

Individual wards (2018 boundaries)
Name Area (km2) Population Density (per km2) Households Median age Median income
Mararoa-Waimea Ward 17,420.86 7,953 0.46 3,081 38.8 years $36,800
Waiau-Aparima Ward 6,381.17 7,908 1.24 3,153 40.6 years $31,900
Oreti Ward 1,826.23 9,117 4.99 3,468 39.1 years $38,600
Waihopai-Toetoe Ward 2,176.35 5,481 2.52 2,055 37.2 years $37,900
Stewart Island/Rakiura Ward 1,747.74 408 0.22 222 49.3 years $33,500
New Zealand 37.4 years $31,800

Urban areas and settlementsEdit

The Southland District has three towns with a population over 1,000. Together they are home to 21.7% of the district's population.[2]

Urban area Population

(June 2022)[2]

% of district
Te Anau 2,970 9.1%
Winton 2,450 7.5%
Riverton 1,660 5.1%

Other settlements and localities in the district include:

Mararoa Waimea WardEdit

Waiau Aparima WardEdit

Waihopai Toetoe WardEdit

Oreti WardEdit

Stewart Island-Rakiura WardEdit

MayorEdit

The current district mayor is Rob Scott. He has held this position since 2022.[7]

CouncilEdit

The district council is made up of twelve elected members, from various ward areas, and like any other local authority is elected every three years.

Sister citiesEdit

Current sister cityEdit

Former sister cityEdit

Southland District was a sister city to Wyong Shire in New South Wales, Australia until 2010.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d "Subnational population estimates (RC, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2022 (2022 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2022. (regional councils); "Subnational population estimates (TA, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2022 (2022 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2022. (territorial authorities); "Subnational population estimates (urban rural), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2022 (2022 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2022. (urban areas)
  3. ^ "Role of Council". Southland District Council. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  4. ^ Veltkamp Smith, Pat (29 June 2011). "Life of community works". The Southland Times. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  5. ^ Local Government Commission, 2019
  6. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Southland District (073). 2018 Census place summary: Southland District
  7. ^ Baker, Che (13 October 2022). "Rob Scott named as Southland District mayor". Stuff. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  8. ^ Cinque Terre Sister City agreement to be signed on Thursday (Southland District Council press release 24 March 2009)
  9. ^ Wyong Shire Council (14 January 2010). "Councillors aren't flippant when it comes to expenses". Retrieved 21 May 2012.

External linksEdit