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Southern Vietnamese box turtle

The Southern Vietnamese box turtle (Cuora picturata) is endemic to the southern mountainous regions of Vietnam, and possibly also occurring in extreme eastern Cambodia and southern Laos. It is known only from Khanh Hoa and southern Phu Yen provinces, but may also occur in eastern Dak Lak and northern Ninh Thuan provinces.

Southern Vietnamese box turtle
Southern Vietnamese box turtle
Cuora (galbinifrons) picturata
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Family: Geoemydidae
Genus: Cuora
C. picturata
Binomial name
Cuora picturata
  • Cistoclemmys picturata
  • Cuora galbinifrons picturata
Cuora picturata male.jpg

This species was initially described as a subspecies of Cuora galbinifrons, but was shown to be genetically distinct.[2] This is the same for Cuora galbinifrons bourreti, which is much closer related to Cuora galbinifrons, though, in osteology, genetics and morphology than is Cuora picturata to either one. Thus, this variety probably truly deserved species status.

This species has the highest-domed carapace of all Cuora species, the shape resembling a conquistador helmet. While the head coloration of Cuora galbinifrons subspecies is highly variable even in different populations, this is not the case with C. picturata, whose head is always yellow with a fine, greyish reticulation.

Cuora picturata (male plastron).jpg


  1. ^ McCormack, T.; Stuart, B. & Blanck, T. (2016). "Cuora picturata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T163463A115303820. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T163463A1010522.en. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  2. ^ Stuart, B.L., Parham, J.F., 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the critically endangered Indochinese box turtle (Cuora galbinifrons). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 31: 164-177.
  • Lehr, E., Fritz, U., Obst, F.J., 1998. Die Unterarten von Cuora galbinifrons Bourret, 1939. Zool. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden, 50: 77-97.