Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese: Nam Bộ) is one of the three geographical regions of Vietnam, the other two being Northern and Central Vietnam. It includes 2 administrative regions, which in turn are divided into 19 First Tier units, of which 17 are provinces and 2 are municipalities. Known as Nam Bộ today in Vietnamese, it was historically called as Gia Định (1779–1832), Nam Kỳ (1832–1945), Nam Bộ (1945–48), and Nam Phần (1948–75).
Southern Vietnam (Basse-Cochinchine in French, or Lower Cochinchina), whose principal city is Saigon, is the newest territory of the Vietnamese people in the movement of Nam tiến (Southward expansion). This region was also the first part of Vietnam to be colonized by the French as French Cochinchina.
|Administrative region||First Tier units||Area (km²)||Population (2019)||Population density|
|Southeast (Đông Nam Bộ, Miền Đông)||23,590.70||19,101,908||683.65|
|Mekong River Delta (Đồng Bằng Sông Cửu Long)
or Southwest (Tây Nam Bộ, Miền Tây)
- General Statistics Office (2017): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2015. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
- Southern Vietnam travel guide from Wikivoyage