Southern Sorsogon language

Southern Sorsogon (also Waray Sorsogon, Gubat) is an Austronesian language spoken in the southern part of Sorsogon, Philippines, in the municipalities of Gubat, Barcelona, Bulusan, Santa Magdalena, Matnog, Bulan, and Irosin.[2] Although located in the Bicol Region, Southern Sorsogon belongs to the Bisayan subgroup, and is closely related and mutually intelligible to Waray which is spoken to the south on the neighboring island of Samar.[3] The other two Bisayan languages spoken in the Bicol Region are Masbate Sorsogon and Masbateño.

Southern Sorsogon
Waray Sorsogon
Native toPhilippines
Native speakers
(185,000 cited 1975 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3srv
Glottologwara1299  Waray Sorsogon


Southern Sorsogon has the following phoneme inventory:[3]

Front Central Back
Close i u
Open a
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative s h
Nasal m n ŋ
Lateral l
Trill r
Semivowel j w


Personal pronounsEdit

Southern Sorsogon has three pronoun sets.[3]

nominative genitive oblique
1st person singular aku ku akuʔ
2nd person singular ikaw, ka mu imu
3rd person singular siya niya kaniya
1st person plural inclusive kita ta atuʔ
1st person plural exclusive kami mi amuʔ
2nd person plural kamu niyu iyu
3rd person plural sira nira kanira


Verbs in Southern Sorsogon are inflected for focus and aspect.[4]

completed progressive anticipative infinitive imperative
Actor focus nag-/⟨un⟩
Patient focus ⟨in⟩ C⟨in⟩V- CV- -un -un -a
Locative focus ⟨in⟩ -an C⟨in⟩V- -an CV- -an -an -i
Instrument focus ⟨in⟩ C⟨in⟩V- i-CV- i- -an


  1. ^ Southern Sorsogon at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ MacFarland, Curtis D. (1974). The Dialects of the Bikol Area (Ph.D. dissertation). University of New Haven.
  3. ^ a b c Zorc, David Paul (1977). The Bisayan Dialects of the Philippines: Subgrouping and Reconstruction. Canberra, Australia: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. doi:10.15144/PL-C44. ISBN 0858831570.
  4. ^ Escalante, Antonio H. (1996). "A Study of South Sorsogon Verbs". In Ernesto A. Constantatino (ed.). Three Studies on Philippine Morphology. The Archive, Publication 11. Diliman: University of the Philippines. pp. 139–230.