Southern Main Line

The Southern Main Line (Swedish: Södra stambanan) is a 483-kilometre (300 mi) long standard gauge electrified railway between Malmö and Katrineholm in Sweden. The trains continue further on to Stockholm Central Station along the Western Main Line and terminate there (at platforms 16–19). The line also connects to other lines, most notably in Malmö the Öresund line to Copenhagen, and in Lund to the West Coast Line towards Gothenburg.

Southern Main Line
Tågavgång från Sävsjö station ändrad.JPG
Train departure from Sävsjö in direction versus Stockholm and view over Sävsjö's central parts
Overview
OwnerSwedish state
TerminiMalmö
Katrineholm
History
Opened1874 (1874)

HistoryEdit

The first parts of the line opened in 1856 between Malmö and Lund, and the last parts in 1874. An unusual route was chosen as the line passed far from many of the bigger towns at the time, such as Hörby and Kristianstad. This was an attempt to "colonize" the countryside and populate it. Another strategic choice was to put it far from the coast to minimize vulnerability to military attacks. A number of new towns sprung up or grew as the line brought access to the area, such as Eslöv and Hässleholm.

Initially the route Katrineholm–Nässjö was called Eastern Main Line, whereas the original definition of Southern Main Line was kept and thus reserved for Malmö–Nässjö–Falköping. Not until 1990, the newly founded railway authority Banverket changed the official definition according to modern use. (Nässjö–Falköping became known as Jönköping Line.)

PresentEdit

The line entirely consists of at least double track, with four tracks on the section Malmö–Arlöv.[1] Today high-speed X 2000 trains travel at 200 kilometres per hour (124 mph) for large parts of the way.

StationsEdit

This is a list of stations along the line where the long-distance trains stop:


Here is a list of all the stations along the line:

FutureEdit

As of 2018, the Arlöv–Lund segment is being rebuilt from two to four tracks. The project includes lowering the tracks through Åkarp and Hjärup for a total of 5 kilometres (3 mi) in order to decrease noise pollution, as well as an expansion of Burlöv station allowing it to accommodate Øresundståg, and a new station in Klostergården [sv] in the south of Lund. Construction on a section between Arlöv and Flackarp [sv] south of Lund began in 2017, while Flackarp–Lund is still under planning. The entire project is expected to be completed in 2024.[1]

Around year 2020–2030 a new high-speed line for 300 or 320 km/h is planned to be opened between Linköping and Södertälje. It is called Ostlänken and will cut travel time by 40 minutes. There are also plans to increase the permitted speed to 250 kilometres per hour (155 mph) between Nässjö and Hässleholm around 2020. Both plans are delayed until further notice by the government, both for cost reasons, and awaiting the political discussion of how to improve the railway network.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Lund–Arlöv, fyra spår" (in Swedish). Swedish Transport Administration. Retrieved 7 October 2019. Sträckan mellan Almedalsbron i Malmö och Lommavägen i Arlöv är redan utbyggd till fyra spår. [The section between Almedalsbron in Malmö and Lommavägen in Arlöv has already been rebuilt to four tracks.

External linksEdit