Southern Kurdish (کوردی خوارین; kurdîy xwarîn) or Pehlewani is a Kurdish dialect predominantly spoken in western Iran and eastern Iraq. In Iran, it is spoken in the provinces of Kermanshah and Ilam. In Iraq it is spoken in the region of Khanaqin, all the way to Mandali. It is also the dialect of the populous Kurdish Kakayî tribes near Kirkuk and most Yarsani Kurds in Kermanshah Province. There are also populous diasporas of Southern Kurdish-speakers found in the Alburz mountains.
|Native to||Eastern Iraq, Western Iran|
|3,000,000 in Iran (2000)|
|Hawar alphabet, Perso-Arabic (Sorani alphabet)|
Native speakers use various different alphabets to write Southern Kurdish, the most common ones are extensions of the standard Kurdish alphabets.
The subdialects of Southern Kurdish are:
- Kermanshahi is spoken mostly in western Iran, in and around the city of Kermanshah (Kirmaşan).
- Feyli, referring to the Feyli tribe; also known as Ilami, after Ilam Province. It is spoken in eastern Iraq in the Khanaqin region of Diyala Governorate near the Iranian border, and in western Iran in Ilam province and parts of Kermanshah province, by the Feyli Kurds. Mahaki is a sub-dialect. It is spoken by the tribe of Ali Sherwan (Beyrey) in Ilam, and by almost all Feyli Kurds in Baghdad, Mandali, Badrah, and Zorbatiah in Iraq. It shares many features with Sorani.
- Garrusi Bijari (Gerrûsî) (Bîcarî)
- Malekshahi (Melikşayî)
- Sanjâbi (Sincawî) referring to the language of Sanjâbi people. It is closely related
- Laki is spoken in the central Zagros region of Iran, in the provinces of Lorestan (Nurabad, Kuhdasht), Kermanshah (Kangavar, Harsin), Sahneh Darreh Shahr and Holeylan in Ilam Province, and in much smaller numbers in the provinces of Qazvin, Hamedan, and Khuzestan.
- Kalhori (Kelhûrî), referring to the Kalhor (Kurdish tribe).
- Kamandar Fattah, Les Dialectes kurdes méridionaux: étude linguistique et dialectologique. Louvain, Peeters, 2000, p. 55-62.
- Southern Kurdish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Southern Kurdish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- "Kurdish language i. History of the Kurdish language". Iranica Online. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- Vahid-e-Ranjbar, Dastur-e Zaban-e Kurdi-ye Kermanshahi. Kermanshah: Taq-Bostan. 1388