Southend United F.C.

  (Redirected from Southend United)

Southend United Football Club is a professional association football club based in Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England. The team competes in League One, the third tier of English football. Southend are known as "The Shrimpers", a reference to the area's maritime industry included as one of the quarterings on the club badge.

Southend United
Southend United.svg
Full nameSouthend United Football Club
Nickname(s)The Shrimpers,
The Seasiders,
The Blues
Founded19 May 1906; 113 years ago (1906-05-19)
GroundRoots Hall
Capacity12,392
ChairmanRon Martin
ManagerSol Campbell[1]
LeagueLeague One
2018–19League One, 19th of 24
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Founded on 19 May 1906 in the Blue Boar pub,[2] Southend has been a member of the Football League since 1920. The club has spent most of its League career in the English lower divisions, with seven seasons in the League's second tier (Division 2/Championship).

The club is based at Roots Hall Stadium[3] in Prittlewell, with plans to move to a new stadium at Fossetts Farm.

HistoryEdit

1906-1984Edit

 
Chart of table positions of Southend in the League.

Southend United F.C. was formed in 1906 and played in the Southern League until 1920, when they co-founded the Football League's new Third Division; they finished 17th in their first ever season. In 1921, the Third Division was regionalised with Southend United joining the southern section and here they remained until league re-structure in 1958. Southend came close to promotion twice when they finished 3rd in 1932 and 1950, the club's highest league positions until 1991.[4]

Southend United joined the new national Third Division in 1958, where they remained until 1966 when they suffered their first ever relegation, into the Fourth Division. The club had to wait six seasons until 1972 to experience the club's first ever promotion as runners-up behind Grimsby Town. In 1976 Southend suffered relegation again before taking another runners-up spot behind Watford in 1978. Another relegation in 1980 was directly followed by one of the most successful seasons in the club's history as they won the Fourth Division Championship in 1981, breaking a series of club records in the process.[4] Despite success on the pitch and low admission prices, the club's gates were low and condemned as "a bad reflection on the town".[4](p72)

1984–2004Edit

In 1984, the club was relegated to the Fourth Division (Bobby Moore was manager), and the following season finished 20th, narrowly avoiding having to seek re-election to the Football League. However, Southend gained promotion in 1987. Although relegated again in 1989, successive promotions in 1990 and 1991 saw Southend United reach the second tier of the Football League; in 1992, under manager David Webb, the club finished 12th in the old Second Division, having briefly topped the division on New Year's Day, 1992.

Southend United were managed by Colin Murphy, Barry Fry and then Peter Taylor over the next three seasons. In 1995, former Liverpool player Ronnie Whelan became player-manager.[5] Southend finished 14th in Division One in his first season as a manager, but were relegated a year later and Whelan left the club, later winning a case for wrongful dismissal.[6] He was replaced by Alvin Martin but Martin was unable to avoid a second consecutive relegation. Martin left in April 1999, with Southend fifth from bottom in the Football League,[7]. Alan Little was manager for a brief spell before the club turned again to David Webb, then Rob Newman, Steve Wignall and, in late 2003, former Southend United midfielder Steve Tilson.

2004–2010Edit

Under Tilson, Southend reached their first national cup final, meeting Blackpool in the final of the LDV Vans Trophy at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.[8] Over 20,000 Southend fans travelled,[9] but the team did not rise to the occasion and Blackpool won 2–0. Tilson then led Southend to promotion to League 1 in 2005, while making a second successive appearance in the Football League Trophy final, which the Shrimpers lost 2–0 to Wrexham,[10] but the third appearance at the Millennium Stadium in the League Two play-off final against Lincoln City brought success[11] giving the club its first promotion via the play-off system and their first major silverware since 1981.

In May 2006 Southend became League One champions after beating Bristol City 1–0 at Roots Hall in front of over 11,000 fans - the club's first title in 25 years. Tilson was named as the League Manager Association's Manager-of-the-Season for League One.

Southend started the 2006–07 season with wins over Stoke City and Sunderland, but then did not win a league game for 18 games until December 2006. In the meantime, however, Southend did beat trophy holders and Premier League Champions Manchester United 1-0 in a League Cup fourth round tie on 7 November 2006, with Freddy Eastwood scoring the winner.[12] Southend briefly escaped the relegation zone in March 2007 but only 10 league wins in the season meant the Shrimpers were relegated back to League One. Southend finished sixth in League One at the end of 2007–08, qualifying for a play-off place. Against Doncaster Rovers, Southend drew the home leg 0–0, but lost the second leg 5–1. The following season, Southend finished 8th, missing out on a play-off place, but the 2009-2010 season was tougher: a run of just one win in 2010 left Southend deep in trouble, and relegation to League Two was confirmed on 24 April 2010 following a 2-2 draw at Oldham. On 4 July 2010 manager Steve Tilson was put on gardening leave,[13] ending his seven-year stint as manager.

2009-2010 financial difficultiesEdit

During the 2009-2010 season, Southend faced two winding-up orders from HM Revenue and Customs over unpaid tax bills.[14][15] In February 2010 Southend players were not paid, the Professional Footballers Association had to pay the players, and the club were placed under a transfer embargo until they paid the money back.[16] In March 2010 Southend were given a 35-day extension to pay the unpaid bill or face administration,[17] and further seven day extension in April 2010.[18] On 20 April 2010 the bill was paid,[19] and in August 2010 all actions against Southend United were dropped and an agreement was reached with HMRC.[20]

2011–presentEdit

On 5 July 2010 former Sheffield Wednesday and Plymouth Argyle manager, Paul Sturrock was announced as the new manager.[21] Sturrock led Southend to a 13th place in his first season, but the club mounted a more serious challenge the following season, spending 11 weeks at the top of League 2 before a decline in form meant the team had to enter the play-offs. Southend lost the play off semi-final against Crewe Alexandra 3–2 on aggregate.

 
Southend United at Wembley

A transfer embargo at the start of the 2012–13 season saw the club start its campaign with a depleted squad. However, a successful loan signing - Britt Assombalonga from Watford - helped Southend to a run of 14 games unbeaten which saw them reach 4th in the table. League form dipped in early 2013, but the club reached its first Wembley cup final in the Football League Trophy. Paul Sturrock was sacked two weeks before the cup final but was controversially asked to manage the team for the final. Sturrock refused and watched the game from the stand. The Blues took a record 33,000 fans to the match, but lost 2–0 to Crewe Alexandra.[22]

Phil Brown was brought in as Sturrock's successor but picked up just one win in his eight games in charge as Southend finished the season in 11th position, with only six league wins at Roots Hall all season. In 2015 Brown led the team, via a thrilling play-off final against Wycombe Wanderers (decided 7:6 on penalties), into League One.[23] At the end of the 2016-2017 season, the club missed the play-offs for the Championship by only one point.[24]

2019-2020 financial difficultiesEdit

Financial difficulties, including a winding-up petition set to be heard on 22 January 2020, resulted in non-payment of players' and other employees' wages in December 2019, after which players consulted with the PFA.[25] At this point (9 January 2020), Southend were 22nd in League One, 15 points from safety after winning only one of 24 league games.[25] Club chairman Ron Martin paid £140,000 after seven senior Southend United players were not paid their December 2019 wages on time, and met with all players to reassure them it would not happen again.[26]

Earlier, on 22 October 2019, Sol Campbell was appointed manager of Southend.[27] Campbell took charge for his first game — a 3–1 home defeat to Ipswich Town — on 25 October.[28] On 18 January 2020, Southend won their first league game under Campbell with a 2-1 victory away at Accrington Stanley, also a first league win since 21 September 2019.[29]

StadiumEdit

The club has played at five grounds: the original Roots Hall, the Kursaal, the Southend Stadium, the rented New Writtle Street Stadium (home of Chelmsford City F.C.) and again at Roots Hall.[30]

Roots Hall was the first stadium that the club owned and was built on the site of their original home, albeit at a lower level. The site previous to Southend purchasing it in 1952 had been used as a sand quarry, by the council as a landfill site and by the local gas board (which was convinced to move to Progress Road).[30] It took 10 years to fully complete the building of Roots Hall. The first game was played on 20 August 1955, a 3–1 Division Three (South) victory over Norwich City attendance 12,190, but the ground was far from complete.[30] The main East Stand had barely been fitted and ran along only 50 yards of the touchline, and only a few steps of terracing encircled the ground, with the North, West and the huge South Bank still largely unconcreted. The North Stand had a single-barrelled roof which ran only the breadth of the penalty area, and the West Bank was covered at its rear only by a similar structure.[30]

Although the ground was unfinished, during the inaugural season this was the least of the club's worries, for the pitch at Roots Hall showed the consequences of having been laid on top of thousands of tonnes of compacted rubbish. Drainage was a problem, and the wet winter turned the ground into a quagmire. The pitch was completely re-laid in the summer of 1956 and a proper drainage system, which is still in place, was constructed, and the West Bank roof was extended to reach the touchline, creating a unique double-barrelled structure.[30]

The terracing was completed soon after, but the task of completely terracing all 72 steps of the South Bank was not completed until 1964. The North Bank roof was extended in the early 1960s, and the East Stand was extended to run the full length of the pitch in 1966. Floodlights were also installed during this period. Roots Hall was designed to hold 35,000 spectators, with over 15,000 on the South Bank alone, but the highest recorded attendance at the ground is 31,090 for an FA Cup third round tie with Liverpool in January 1979.[30]

Until 1988 Roots Hall was still the newest ground in the Football League, but then the ground saw a significant change. United had hit bad times in the mid-1980s and new chairman Vic Jobson sold virtually all of the South Bank for development, leaving just a tiny block of 15 steps.[30] In 1994, seats were installed onto the original terracing, and a second tier was added. The West Bank had already become seated in 1992 upon United's elevation to Division Two while the East Stand paddock also received a new seating deck, bolted and elevated from the terracing below. In 1995 the West Stand roof was extended to meet up with the North and South Stands, with seating installed in each corner, thus giving the Roots Hall its current form, with a capacity of just under 12,500.[31]

On 24 January 2007, Southend Borough Council unanimously agreed to give planning permission for a new 22,000-seater stadium at the proposed Fossetts Farm site, with Rochford District Council following suit 24 hours later. The application was subsequently submitted to Ruth Kelly, then Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, for government approval. However, the application was "called in" at the beginning of April 2007. The inquiry began in September 2007, followed in October 2007 by a "final" inquiry, when chairman Ron Martin called for supporters to show in numbers at Southend's local government headquarters. On 6 March 2008, permission to develop Fossetts Farm was given by the government.[32]

RivalriesEdit

 
Southend players.

The club has an intense local rivalry with fellow Essex side Colchester United, which extends back many years. However, at the end of the 1989–90 season, Southend's promotion from the Football League Fourth Division coincided with Colchester's fall from the Football League, so the clubs had to wait almost 15 years before meeting again in competition in 2004, when they contested the Southern Final of the Football League Trophy; the Shrimpers won 4–3 on aggregate, securing their first ever appearance in a national cup final. In the following season, the two clubs met again in an Essex derby match in the same competition, with Southend emerging as the victors once again after a penalty shootout. The two clubs were promoted from League One at the end of the 2005–06 season, after a long battle for top spot was eventually won by Southend. The overall competitive head-to-head record for the rivalry stands at 30 wins for Southend, 25 wins for Colchester, and 17 draws.[33] The last meeting between Southend and Colchester came in October 2018, when Colchester won 2-0 in the group stage of the Checkatrade Trophy. [34]

There is also a fierce rivalry between Southend and Leyton Orient, which arises from the time between 1998 and 2005, when the Essex club were Orient's geographically-closest league rivals.[citation needed] Although the games between the two teams are eagerly anticipated, and Southend are considered to be Orient's main rivals, the Shrimpers see the London club as secondary rivals to Colchester United, for geographical and historical reasons.[35]

The Shrimpers beat the O's in the 2012/13 Johnstone's Paint Southern Area Final to book a place at Wembley in the final against Crewe Alexandra. Southend won 1–0 at Brisbane Road in the first leg of the area final and drew 2–2 at Roots Hall in the second leg, winning 3–2 on aggregate, despite being in a lower division than Orient at the time.

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 30 August 2019[36]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Mark Oxley
2   DF Elvis Bwomono
3   DF Nathan Ralph
4   MF Luke Hyam
5   MF Mark Milligan
7   FW Stephen Humphrys
8   MF Timothée Dieng (captain)
11   MF Stephen McLaughlin
13   GK Nathan Bishop
14   FW Brandon Goodship
15   DF Rob Kiernan
18   MF Sam Mantom
19   DF Joe Shaughnessy
No. Position Player
20   MF Michael Klass
23   FW Charlie Kelman
24   DF Jason Demetriou
25   MF Sam Barratt
26   DF Harry Lennon
27   DF Harry Kyprianou
30   DF Richard Taylor
31   FW Theo Robinson
32   FW Emile Acquah
36   MF Isaac Hutchinson
41   FW Matt Rush
43   MF Lewis Gard
48   DF John White

Player of the YearEdit

Year Winner
1965–66 Tony Bentley
1966–67 Trevor Roberts
1967–68 Billy Best
1968–69 John Kurila
1969–70 Billy Best
1970–71 Alex Smith
1971–72 Brian Albeson & Bill Garner
1972–73 Terry Johnson
1973–74 Chris Guthrie
1974–75 Alan Moody
1975–76 Alan Little
1976–77 Andy Ford
1977–78 Colin Morris
1978–79 Ron Pountney
1979–80 Ron Pountney
1980–81 Derek Spence
1981–82 Dave Cusack
1982–83 Ron Pountney
1983–84 Micky Stead
1984–85 Steve Phillips
1985–86 Richard Cadette
1986–87 Jim Stannard
1987–88 Dave Martin
1988–89 David Crown
1989–90 Paul Sansome
1990–91 Peter Butler
1991–92 Brett Angell
1992–93 Stan Collymore
1993–94 Chris Powell
1994–95 Ronnie Whelan
1995–96 Simon Royce
1996–97 Keith Dublin
1997–98 Julian Hails
1998–99 Mark Beard
1999–00 Nathan Jones
2000–01 Kevin Maher
2001–02 Darryl Flahavan
2002–03 Leon Cort
2003–04 Mark Gower
2004–05 Adam Barrett
2005–06 Freddy Eastwood
2006–07 Kevin Maher
2007–08 Nicky Bailey
2008–09 Peter Clarke
2009–10 Simon Francis
2010–11 Chris Barker
2011–12 Mark Phillips
2012–13 Sean Clohessy
2013–14 Ryan Leonard
2014–15 Daniel Bentley
2015–16 Ryan Leonard
2016–17 Ryan Leonard
2017–18 Mark Oxley[37]
2018–19 Simon Cox

Top league scorerEdit

Year Winner Starts Sub Goals
2000–01 David Lee 37 5 8
2001–02 Tes Bramble 32 3 9
2002–03 Tes Bramble 31 3 9
2003–04 Leon Constantine 40 3 21
2004–05 Freddy Eastwood 31 2 19
2005–06 Freddy Eastwood 34 6 24
2006–07 Freddy Eastwood 41 1 11
2007–08 Lee Barnard 11 4 9
2008–09 Lee Barnard 24 11 11
2009–10 Lee Barnard 25 0 15
2010–11 Barry Corr 32 9 18
2011–12 Bilel Mohsni 23 8 13
2012–13 Britt Assombalonga 40 3 15
2013–14 Barry Corr 30 10 13
2014–15 Barry Corr 39 6 14
2015–16 Jack Payne 28 7 9
2016–17 Simon Cox 39 5 16
2017–18 Simon Cox 42 2 10
2018–19 Simon Cox 42 3 16

ManagersEdit

Source:[39]

ManagementEdit

[40]

Position Person
Manager Sol Campbell[41]
Assistant Manager Hermann Hreiðarsson
First Team Coach Andrew Cole
Under 21s Manager Craig Fagan
Head of Youth Ricky Duncan
Centre of Excellence Manager Ricky Duncan
Development Coach Danny Heath

Club honoursEdit

Club recordsEdit

KitEdit

Source:[43]

Years Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1975–1978 Admiral Motor Plan
1978–1981 Bukta Charterhouse
1983–1984 Motor Plan
1985–1986 Laing
1986–1988 Firholm
1988–1990 Spall
1990–1991 Hi-Tec
1991–1992 Bukta
1992–1994 Beaver Elonex
1994–1995 Crevette
1995–1996 United Artists
1996–1998 Olympic Sportswear Telewest Communications
1998–1999 Progressive Printing
1999–2000 Rossco
2000–2001 Pier Sport Rebus (Home)
Wyndham Plastics (Away)
2001–2002 Hi-Tec Rebus
2002–2003 Sport House Martin Dawn
2003–2004 Nike GKC Communications (Home)
Wyndham Plastics (Away)
2004–2006 Betterview Windows and Conservatories
2006–2014 InsureandGo
2014–2017 Martin Dawn
2017–2018 The Amy May Trust
2018–2019 Prostate Cancer UK
2019-present Paddy Power

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/50035674
  2. ^ "1906 – Southend Timeline". southendtimeline.com. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  3. ^ "Visiting Roots Hall Stadium". Southend United F.C. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Mason, Peter (1994). Southend United: the official history of 'The Blues'. ISBN 1-874427-20-8.
  5. ^ "Ronnie Whelan". League Managers Association. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  6. ^ "Ronnie Whelan". Blue Anorak. Archived from the original on 5 March 2001.
  7. ^ "Southend United's Managers: Alvin Martin". Blue Anorak. Archived from the original on 5 March 2001.
  8. ^ Lloyd, Grahame (22 March 2004). "Blackpool's Millennium bug". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  9. ^ "Cardiff is Your Lasting Memory". Southend United FC. 17 November 2004. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  10. ^ "Southend 0–2 Wrexham". BBC Sport. 10 April 2005. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Lincoln City 0–2 Southend United". BBC Sport. 28 May 2005. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  12. ^ "Southend 1-0 Man Utd". BBC Sport. BBC. 7 November 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  13. ^ "Southend part with manager Steve Tilson". BBC Sport. 4 July 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  14. ^ "Southend avoid winding up order but now face administration". The Guardian. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  15. ^ "Southend winding-up hearing adjourned for 28 days". BBC Sport. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  16. ^ Phillips, Chris (10 March 2010). "Ron Martin explains PFA loan to cover wages at Southend United". Echo. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  17. ^ "Southend United get High Court extension to repay debts". BBC Sport. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  18. ^ "Southend United given a further week to pay off £400,000 tax bill". The Guardian. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  19. ^ "Shrimpers settle tax debt". Sky Sports. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  20. ^ "Southend United stave off administration". BBC Sport. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  21. ^ "Paul Sturrock named as new Southend United manager". BBC Sport. 5 July 2010.
  22. ^ Osborne, Chris. "Crewe 2 – Southend 0". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  23. ^ "Southend United v Wycombe Wanderers: League Two play-off final – as it happened". The Guardian Online. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  24. ^ "League One: fans from all 24 clubs review their season". The Guardian Online. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  25. ^ a b "Southend United players to meet with PFA over unpaid wages". BBC Sport. BBC. 9 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  26. ^ "Southend United: Chairman Ron Martin personally meets £140k wages shortfall". BBC Sport. BBC. 10 January 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  27. ^ "Sol Campbell: Southend United name ex-England defender as new manager". BBC News. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  28. ^ "Southend United 1-3 Ispwich Town: Sol Campbell loses first game in charge". BBC Sport. 26 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  29. ^ "Accrington Stanley 1–2 Southend United". BBC Sport. BBC. 18 January 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g Mason, Peter. Southend United: The Official History of the Blues. ISBN 0955597609.
  31. ^ [1] Archived 12 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ "Tower blocks to be focal point of new Fossetts Farm development – Evening Echo p.30 Sept 2015". Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  33. ^ "All time results between Colchester United and Southend United".
  34. ^ https://www.gazette-news.co.uk/sport/16971854.colchester-united-beat-southend-united-in-checkatrade-trophy/
  35. ^ "Football Rivalry Survey 2012–13".
  36. ^ "2018/19 Squad Numbers". Southend United F.C. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  37. ^ "End of Season Awards & Lap of Appreciation".
  38. ^ "Sol Campbell appointed Southend United manager".
  39. ^ "Southend United Manager Statistics - ManagerStats.co.uk". www.managerstats.co.uk.
  40. ^ [2] Archived 3 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  41. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/50035674
  42. ^ [3] Archived 3 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  43. ^ "Southend United: Historical Kits".

External linksEdit