Southend United F.C.
Southend United Football Club is a professional association football club based in Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England. The team competes in League One, the third tier of English football. Southend are known as "The Shrimpers", a reference to the area's maritime industry included as one of the quarterings on the club badge.
|Full name||Southend United Football Club|
|Founded||19 May 1906|
|2018–19||League One, 19th of 24|
Founded on 19 May 1906 in the Blue Boar pub, Southend has been a member of the Football League since 1920. The club has spent most of its League career in the English lower divisions, with seven seasons in the League's second tier (Division 2/Championship).
- 1 History
- 2 Stadium
- 3 Rivalries
- 4 Players
- 5 Managers
- 6 Management
- 7 Club honours
- 8 Club records
- 9 Kit
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Southend United F.C. was formed in 1906 and played in the Southern League until 1920, when they co-founded the Football League's new Third Division; they finished 17th in their first ever season. In 1921, the Third Division was regionalised with Southend United joining the southern section and here they remained until league re-structure in 1958. Southend came close to promotion twice when they finished 3rd in 1932 and 1950, the club's highest league positions until 1991.
Southend United joined the new national Third Division in 1958, where they remained until 1966 when they suffered their first ever relegation, into the Fourth Division. The club had to wait six seasons until 1972 to experience the club's first ever promotion as runners-up behind Grimsby Town. In 1976 Southend suffered relegation again before taking another runners-up spot behind Watford in 1978. Another relegation in 1980 was directly followed by one of the most successful seasons in the club's history as they won the Fourth Division Championship in 1981, breaking a series of club records in the process. Despite success on the pitch and low admission prices, the club's gates were low and condemned as "a bad reflection on the town".(p72)
In 1984, the club was relegated to the Fourth Division (Bobby Moore was manager), and the following season finished 20th, narrowly avoiding having to seek re-election to the Football League. However, Southend gained promotion in 1987. Although relegated again in 1989, successive promotions in 1990 and 1991 saw Southend United reach the second tier of the Football League; in 1992, under manager David Webb, the club finished 12th in the old Second Division, having briefly topped the division on New Year's Day, 1992.
Southend United were managed by Colin Murphy, Barry Fry and then Peter Taylor over the next three seasons. In 1995, former Liverpool player Ronnie Whelan became player-manager. Southend finished 14th in Division One in his first season as a manager, but were relegated a year later and Whelan left the club, later winning a case for wrongful dismissal. He was replaced by Alvin Martin but Martin was unable to avoid a second consecutive relegation. Martin left in April 1999, with Southend fifth from bottom in the Football League,. Alan Little was manager for a brief spell before the club turned again to David Webb, then Rob Newman, Steve Wignall and, in late 2003, former Southend United midfielder Steve Tilson.
Under Tilson, Southend reached their first national cup final, meeting Blackpool in the final of the LDV Vans Trophy at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff. Over 20,000 Southend fans travelled, but the team did not rise to the occasion and Blackpool won 2–0. Tilson then led Southend to promotion to League 1 in 2005, while making a second successive appearance in the Football League Trophy final, which the Shrimpers lost 2–0 to Wrexham, but the third appearance at the Millennium Stadium in the League Two play-off final against Lincoln City brought success giving the club its first promotion via the play-off system and their first major silverware since 1981.
In May 2006 Southend became League One champions after beating Bristol City 1–0 at Roots Hall in front of over 11,000 fans - the club's first title in 25 years. Tilson was named as the League Manager Association's Manager-of-the-Season for League One.
Southend started the 2006–07 season with wins over Stoke City and Sunderland, but then did not win a league game for 18 games until December 2006. In the meantime, however, Southend did beat trophy holders and Premier League Champions Manchester United 1-0 in a League Cup fourth round tie on 7 November 2006, with Freddy Eastwood scoring the winner. Southend briefly escaped the relegation zone in March 2007 but only 10 league wins in the season meant the Shrimpers were relegated back to League One. Southend finished sixth in League One at the end of 2007–08, qualifying for a play-off place. Against Doncaster Rovers, Southend drew the home leg 0–0, but lost the second leg 5–1. The following season, Southend finished 8th, missing out on a play-off place, but the 2009-2010 season was tougher: a run of just one win in 2010 left Southend deep in trouble, and relegation to League Two was confirmed on 24 April 2010 following a 2-2 draw at Oldham. On 4 July 2010 manager Steve Tilson was put on gardening leave, ending his seven-year stint as manager.
2009-2010 financial difficultiesEdit
During the 2009-2010 season, Southend faced two winding-up orders from HM Revenue and Customs over unpaid tax bills. In February 2010 Southend players were not paid, the Professional Footballers Association had to pay the players, and the club were placed under a transfer embargo until they paid the money back. In March 2010 Southend were given a 35-day extension to pay the unpaid bill or face administration, and further seven day extension in April 2010. On 20 April 2010 the bill was paid, and in August 2010 all actions against Southend United were dropped and an agreement was reached with HMRC.
On 5 July 2010 former Sheffield Wednesday and Plymouth Argyle manager, Paul Sturrock was announced as the new manager. Sturrock led Southend to a 13th place in his first season, but the club mounted a more serious challenge the following season, spending 11 weeks at the top of League 2 before a decline in form meant the team had to enter the play-offs. Southend lost the play off semi-final against Crewe Alexandra 3–2 on aggregate.
A transfer embargo at the start of the 2012–13 season saw the club start its campaign with a depleted squad. However, a successful loan signing - Britt Assombalonga from Watford - helped Southend to a run of 14 games unbeaten which saw them reach 4th in the table. League form dipped in early 2013, but the club reached its first Wembley cup final in the Football League Trophy. Paul Sturrock was sacked two weeks before the cup final but was controversially asked to manage the team for the final. Sturrock refused and watched the game from the stand. The Blues took a record 33,000 fans to the match, but lost 2–0 to Crewe Alexandra.
Phil Brown was brought in as Sturrock's successor but picked up just one win in his eight games in charge as Southend finished the season in 11th position, with only six league wins at Roots Hall all season. In 2015 Brown led the team, via a thrilling play-off final against Wycombe Wanderers (decided 7:6 on penalties), into League One. At the end of the 2016-2017 season, the club missed the play-offs for the Championship by only one point.
2019-2020 financial difficultiesEdit
Financial difficulties, including a winding-up petition set to be heard on 22 January 2020, resulted in non-payment of players' and other employees' wages in December 2019, after which players consulted with the PFA. At this point (9 January 2020), Southend were 22nd in League One, 15 points from safety after winning only one of 24 league games. Club chairman Ron Martin paid £140,000 after seven senior Southend United players were not paid their December 2019 wages on time, and met with all players to reassure them it would not happen again.
Earlier, on 22 October 2019, Sol Campbell was appointed manager of Southend. Campbell took charge for his first game — a 3–1 home defeat to Ipswich Town — on 25 October. On 18 January 2020, Southend won their first league game under Campbell with a 2-1 victory away at Accrington Stanley, also a first league win since 21 September 2019.
Roots Hall was the first stadium that the club owned and was built on the site of their original home, albeit at a lower level. The site previous to Southend purchasing it in 1952 had been used as a sand quarry, by the council as a landfill site and by the local gas board (which was convinced to move to Progress Road). It took 10 years to fully complete the building of Roots Hall. The first game was played on 20 August 1955, a 3–1 Division Three (South) victory over Norwich City attendance 12,190, but the ground was far from complete. The main East Stand had barely been fitted and ran along only 50 yards of the touchline, and only a few steps of terracing encircled the ground, with the North, West and the huge South Bank still largely unconcreted. The North Stand had a single-barrelled roof which ran only the breadth of the penalty area, and the West Bank was covered at its rear only by a similar structure.
Although the ground was unfinished, during the inaugural season this was the least of the club's worries, for the pitch at Roots Hall showed the consequences of having been laid on top of thousands of tonnes of compacted rubbish. Drainage was a problem, and the wet winter turned the ground into a quagmire. The pitch was completely re-laid in the summer of 1956 and a proper drainage system, which is still in place, was constructed, and the West Bank roof was extended to reach the touchline, creating a unique double-barrelled structure.
The terracing was completed soon after, but the task of completely terracing all 72 steps of the South Bank was not completed until 1964. The North Bank roof was extended in the early 1960s, and the East Stand was extended to run the full length of the pitch in 1966. Floodlights were also installed during this period. Roots Hall was designed to hold 35,000 spectators, with over 15,000 on the South Bank alone, but the highest recorded attendance at the ground is 31,090 for an FA Cup third round tie with Liverpool in January 1979.
Until 1988 Roots Hall was still the newest ground in the Football League, but then the ground saw a significant change. United had hit bad times in the mid-1980s and new chairman Vic Jobson sold virtually all of the South Bank for development, leaving just a tiny block of 15 steps. In 1994, seats were installed onto the original terracing, and a second tier was added. The West Bank had already become seated in 1992 upon United's elevation to Division Two while the East Stand paddock also received a new seating deck, bolted and elevated from the terracing below. In 1995 the West Stand roof was extended to meet up with the North and South Stands, with seating installed in each corner, thus giving the Roots Hall its current form, with a capacity of just under 12,500.
On 24 January 2007, Southend Borough Council unanimously agreed to give planning permission for a new 22,000-seater stadium at the proposed Fossetts Farm site, with Rochford District Council following suit 24 hours later. The application was subsequently submitted to Ruth Kelly, then Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, for government approval. However, the application was "called in" at the beginning of April 2007. The inquiry began in September 2007, followed in October 2007 by a "final" inquiry, when chairman Ron Martin called for supporters to show in numbers at Southend's local government headquarters. On 6 March 2008, permission to develop Fossetts Farm was given by the government.
The club has an intense local rivalry with fellow Essex side Colchester United, which extends back many years. However, at the end of the 1989–90 season, Southend's promotion from the Football League Fourth Division coincided with Colchester's fall from the Football League, so the clubs had to wait almost 15 years before meeting again in competition in 2004, when they contested the Southern Final of the Football League Trophy; the Shrimpers won 4–3 on aggregate, securing their first ever appearance in a national cup final. In the following season, the two clubs met again in an Essex derby match in the same competition, with Southend emerging as the victors once again after a penalty shootout. The two clubs were promoted from League One at the end of the 2005–06 season, after a long battle for top spot was eventually won by Southend. The overall competitive head-to-head record for the rivalry stands at 30 wins for Southend, 25 wins for Colchester, and 17 draws. The last meeting between Southend and Colchester came in October 2018, when Colchester won 2-0 in the group stage of the Checkatrade Trophy. 
There is also a fierce rivalry between Southend and Leyton Orient, which arises from the time between 1998 and 2005, when the Essex club were Orient's geographically-closest league rivals. Although the games between the two teams are eagerly anticipated, and Southend are considered to be Orient's main rivals, the Shrimpers see the London club as secondary rivals to Colchester United, for geographical and historical reasons.
The Shrimpers beat the O's in the 2012/13 Johnstone's Paint Southern Area Final to book a place at Wembley in the final against Crewe Alexandra. Southend won 1–0 at Brisbane Road in the first leg of the area final and drew 2–2 at Roots Hall in the second leg, winning 3–2 on aggregate, despite being in a lower division than Orient at the time.
- As of 30 August 2019
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Player of the YearEdit
Top league scorerEdit
- 1906–1910: Bob Jack
- 1910–1911: George Molyneux
- 1912–1919: Joe Bradshaw
- 1919–1920: Ned Liddell
- 1920–1921: Tom Mather
- 1921–1934: Ted Birnie
- 1934–1940: David Jack
- 1946–1956: Harry Warren
- 1956–1960: Eddie Perry
- 1960-1960: Frank Broome
- 1961–1965: Ted Fenton
- 1965–1967: Alvan Williams
- 1967–1969: Ernie Shepherd
- 1969–1970: Geoff Hudson
- 1970–1976: Arthur Rowley
- 1976–1983: Dave Smith
- 1983–1984: Peter Morris
- 1984–1986: Bobby Moore
- 1986–1987: David Webb
- 1987-1987: Dick Bate
- 1987–1988: Paul Clark
- 1988–1992: David Webb
- 1992–1993: Colin Murphy
- 1993-1993: Barry Fry
- 1993–1995: Peter Taylor
- 1995-1995: Steve Thompson
- 1995–1997: Ronnie Whelan
- 1999-1999: Mick Gooding
- 1999–2000: Alan Little
- 2000-2000: Mick Gooding
- 2000–2001: David Webb
- 2001–2003: Rob Newman
- 2003-2003: Stewart Robson
- 2003-2003: Steve Wignall
- 2003-2003: David Webb
- 2003–2010: Steve Tilson
- 2010–2013: Paul Sturrock
- 2013–2018: Phil Brown
- 2018–2019: Chris Powell
- 2019-2019: Kevin Bond
- 2019-2019: Gary Waddock
- 2019-Present: Sol Campbell
|Assistant Manager||Hermann Hreiðarsson|
|First Team Coach||Andrew Cole|
|Under 21s Manager||Craig Fagan|
|Head of Youth||Ricky Duncan|
|Centre of Excellence Manager||Ricky Duncan|
|Development Coach||Danny Heath|
- League One/Third Division (3rd tier)
- Champions: 2005–06
- Runners-up: 1990–91
- League Two/Fourth Division (4th tier)
- Champions: 1980–81
- Runners-up: 1971–72, 1977–78
- Play-off Winners: 2004–05, 2014–15
- Football League Trophy
- Runners-up: 2003–04, 2004–05, 2012–13
- Southern League Second Division
- Winners: 1906–07, 1907–08
- Runners-up: 1912–13
- Essex Professional Cup
- Winners: 1950, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1957, 1962, 1965, 1967, 1972, 1973
- Essex Senior Cup
- Winners: 1983, 1991, 1997, 2008
- Essex Thameside Trophy
- Winners: 1990
- Biggest Victory as a league club: 10–1 v Golders Green, FA Cup, 1934–35; 10–1 v Brentwood, FA Cup, 1968–69; 10–1 v Aldershot, Football League Trophy, 1990–91
- Heaviest Defeat as a league club: 1–9 v Brighton & Hove Albion, 1965–66
- Highest Attendance (All Comps): 31,033 v Liverpool, FA Cup, 10 January 1979
- Highest Attendance (League): 21,020 v Leyton Orient, Football League Third Division South, 9 September 1955
- Lowest Attendance (All Comps): 683 v Northampton Town, Associate Members Cup, 13 March 1986
- Highest Average Attendance: 12,089 1949–50 Football League Third Division South – Southend Stadium
- Lowest Average Attendance: 2,103 1984–85 Football League Fourth Division – Roots Hall
- Most Points in a Season: 85 1990–91 Football League Third Division
- Fewest Points in a Season: 39 1996–97 Football League First Division
- Most Appearances (All Comps): Alan Moody (506 – 1972–1984)
- Most Appearances (League): Sandy Anderson (452 – 1950–1962)
- Most Appearances (FA Cup): Alan Moody (32 – 1972–1984)
- Most Appearances (League Cup): David Martin (25 – 1986–1993)
- Most Appearances (Other Cup): Kevin Maher (26 – 1998 to 2008)
- Most Appearances (In a single season): Sean Clohessy (59 – 2012–2013)
- Most Goals (All Comps): Roy Hollis (135 – 1954–1960)
- Most Goals (League): Roy Hollis (120 – 1954–1960)
- Most Goals (FA Cup): Roy Hollis (15 – 1954–1960) and Billy Best (15 – 1968–1973)
- Most Goals (League Cup): Sammy McMillan (15 – 1967–69) and David Martin (15 – 1986–1993)
- Most Goals (Other Cup): Brett Angell (10 – 1990–1994)
- Consecutive Wins (League): 8 (29 August 2005 – 9 October 2005)
- Consecutive Clean Sheets (League): 8 (21 March 2015 – 25 April 2015)
|Years||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
|1996–1998||Olympic Sportswear||Telewest Communications|
|2000–2001||Pier Sport||Rebus (Home) |
Wyndham Plastics (Away)
|2002–2003||Sport House||Martin Dawn|
|2003–2004||Nike||GKC Communications (Home)|
Wyndham Plastics (Away)
|2004–2006||Betterview Windows and Conservatories|
|2017–2018||The Amy May Trust|
|2018–2019||Prostate Cancer UK|
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- "Visiting Roots Hall Stadium". Southend United F.C. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
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- "Ronnie Whelan". Blue Anorak. Archived from the original on 5 March 2001.
- "Southend United's Managers: Alvin Martin". Blue Anorak. Archived from the original on 5 March 2001.
- Lloyd, Grahame (22 March 2004). "Blackpool's Millennium bug". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Cardiff is Your Lasting Memory". Southend United FC. 17 November 2004. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Southend 0–2 Wrexham". BBC Sport. 10 April 2005. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
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- "Southend 1-0 Man Utd". BBC Sport. BBC. 7 November 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
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- "Southend avoid winding up order but now face administration". The Guardian. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Southend winding-up hearing adjourned for 28 days". BBC Sport. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- Phillips, Chris (10 March 2010). "Ron Martin explains PFA loan to cover wages at Southend United". Echo. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Southend United get High Court extension to repay debts". BBC Sport. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Southend United given a further week to pay off £400,000 tax bill". The Guardian. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Shrimpers settle tax debt". Sky Sports. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Southend United stave off administration". BBC Sport. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Paul Sturrock named as new Southend United manager". BBC Sport. 5 July 2010.
- Osborne, Chris. "Crewe 2 – Southend 0". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Southend United v Wycombe Wanderers: League Two play-off final – as it happened". The Guardian Online. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
- "League One: fans from all 24 clubs review their season". The Guardian Online. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
- "Southend United players to meet with PFA over unpaid wages". BBC Sport. BBC. 9 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- "Southend United: Chairman Ron Martin personally meets £140k wages shortfall". BBC Sport. BBC. 10 January 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
- "Sol Campbell: Southend United name ex-England defender as new manager". BBC News. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
- "Southend United 1-3 Ispwich Town: Sol Campbell loses first game in charge". BBC Sport. 26 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
- "Accrington Stanley 1–2 Southend United". BBC Sport. BBC. 18 January 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
- Mason, Peter. Southend United: The Official History of the Blues. ISBN 0955597609.
-  Archived 12 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Tower blocks to be focal point of new Fossetts Farm development – Evening Echo p.30 Sept 2015". Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "All time results between Colchester United and Southend United".
- "Football Rivalry Survey 2012–13".
- "2018/19 Squad Numbers". Southend United F.C. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- "End of Season Awards & Lap of Appreciation".
- "Sol Campbell appointed Southend United manager".
- "Southend United Manager Statistics - ManagerStats.co.uk". www.managerstats.co.uk.
-  Archived 3 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived 3 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- "Southend United: Historical Kits".
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