Southeast Asian English

Southeast Asian English is the English spoken in Southeast Asia, namely Singapore English (similar to British English), Malaysian English (similar to British English), Brunei English (similar to British English), Philippine English (similar to American English), Thai English, and possibly Hong Kong English.[1][2]

The Malay area group (Malaysian, Singaporean, Bruneian) are based on British English, and have been influenced by Malay and Chinese, as well as Indian English. They now incorporate elements of American English and World English. They share similar phonology, vocabulary, and syntax.


  1. ^ Ee-Ling Low, Azirah Hashim, English in Southeast Asia: Features, policy and language in use, Benjamins, 2012, ISBN 9789027249029
  2. ^ Danica Salazar, "Southeast Asian Englishes and the Oxford English Dictionary", ASIALEX Proceedings 2013, p. 151 full text