South West Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)
|South West Norfolk|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of South West Norfolk in Norfolk.
Location of Norfolk within England.
|Electorate||75,034 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Downham Market, Swaffham and Thetford|
|Member of Parliament||Elizabeth Truss (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Norfolk and West Norfolk|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the three two-member county divisions of Norfolk were replaced with six single-member divisions, including the newly created South-Western Division of Norfolk, largely formed from southern parts of the abolished Western Division, including Thetford. From the 1950 general election, it has been formally known as the county constituency of South West Norfolk.
South West Norfolk has been held solidly by Conservatives since 1964 but for twenty years before then, it had been ultra-marginal: Labour first held it from 1929–31, and Sidney Dye won it for Labour in 1945 with a tiny majority of 53, holding it at the 1950 election by 260. He lost it to Denys Bullard in 1951 by 442 votes and won it back in 1955 with a majority of 193. Dye died at the end of 1958, and in the by-election Albert Hilton retained the seat for Labour by a margin of 1,354 votes. In the 1959 general election that soon followed, his majority was cut to 78.
Although Labour thus had held the seat during two Conservative national election victories, the Conservatives took the seat in the 1964 election, which Labour won nationally. Paul Hawkins, then Gillian Shephard held the seat. Shephard's majority was slashed in the 1997 general election before recovering in the 2001 general election.
Shephard decided not to run again in 2005 and was elevated to a peerage. The Conservative Party selected Christopher Fraser, former MP for Mid Dorset and Poole North and he was elected with a majority of over 10,000.
On 28 May 2009, Fraser announced that he would be standing down at the 2010 general election citing family reasons. This was after his expenses claims were highlighted in the Daily Telegraph; according to the newspaper, Fraser claimed £1,800 in public money for buying 215 trees and marking out the boundary of his second home in the constituency.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Thetford, the Urban Districts of Downham Market, East Dereham, and Swaffham, the Rural Districts of Mitford and Launditch, and Swaffham, and parts of the Rural Districts of Downham, Marshland, and Thetford.
Gained northern areas of the abolished Mid Division of Norfolk, including East Dereham, and a small area in the south of the Northern Division. Transferred a small area in the east to the Southern Division.
1950-1983: The Urban Districts of Downham Market, East Dereham, and Swaffham, and the Rural Districts of Downham, Mitford and Launditch, and Swaffham.
1983-2010: The District of Breckland wards of All Saints, Besthorpe, Buckenham, Conifer, East Guiltcross, Haggard De Toni, Harling, Haverscroft, Heathlands, Mid Forest, Nar Valley, Necton, Peddars Way, Queen's, Swaffham, Templar, Thetford Abbey, Thetford Barnham Cross, Thetford Guildhall, Thetford Saxon, Watton, Wayland, Weeting, West Guiltcross, and Wissey, and the Borough of King's Lynn and West Norfolk wards of Airfield, Denton, Denver, Downham Market, Emneth, Ten Mile, Upwell Outwell and Delph, Watlington, and Wissey.
Thetford transferred back from South Norfolk, together with areas comprising the former Rural District of Wayland, including Attleborough. North-eastern areas, including East Dereham, transferred to the re-established County Constituency of Mid Norfolk. Minor re-alignment of boundary with North West Norfolk.
2010–present: The District of Breckland wards of Conifer, East Guiltcross, Harling and Heathlands, Mid Forest, Nar Valley, Swaffham, Thetford Abbey, Thetford Castle, Thetford Guildhall, Thetford Saxon, Wayland, Weeting, and West Guiltcross, and the Borough of King's Lynn and West Norfolk wards of Airfield, Denton, Downham Old Town, East Downham, Emneth with Outwell, Hilgay with Denver, Mershe Lande, North Downham, St Lawrence, South Downham, Upwell and Delph, Walton, Watlington, Wiggenhall, and Wimbotsham with Fincham Wissey.
As a result of the Boundary Commission's report which came into effect for the 2010 general election, South West Norfolk gained wards from neighbouring North West Norfolk including Walpole, Tilney St Lawrence, and Wiggenhall villages. It lost to Mid Norfolk the wards of All Saints, Buckenham, Burgh and Haverscroft, Haggard De Toni, Necton, Queen's, Templar and Watton, which included the villages of Necton, Great Ellingham and Watton.
The constituency includes Downham Market, Swaffham, Thetford, Outwell, Upwell, and Feltwell.
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
In order to meet the strict requirements in respect of the size of constituency electorates, the Commission recommended that Norfolk be considered together with Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire[dubious ] as a sub-region of the Eastern Region. Accordingly, it is proposed the two District of East Cambridgeshire wards which comprise the village of Littleport be transferred from the constituency of North East Cambridgeshire. To offset this, the Borough of King's Lynn and West Norfolk ward of Walton would be transferred to North West Norfolk and eastern, rural areas would be transferred to Mid Norfolk. As the constituency would no longer be exclusively in Norfolk, it is proposed that it be renamed Thetford and Downham Market.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Gordon||2,365||4.5||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Rupert Moss-Eccardt||2,217||4.4||−17.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Gordon||10,613||21.6||+2.4|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||April Pond||10,207||18.5||+7.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Gordon Dean||5,681||10.7||−3.2|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||David J. Bucton||8,178||13.9||−6.3|
|Referendum||Ronnie J.B. Hoare||3,694||6.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||John T. Marsh||11,237||18.2||−3.2|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Independent Powellite||MM McNee||380||0.86|
|Labour||Leslie J Potter||16,572||42.72|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||Noel James Insley||17,105||48.89|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Independent Nationalist||Andrew Fountaine||785||2.61||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Liberal||George Stephen Dennis||2,009||6.08|
Election in the 1940sEdit
|Conservative||Somerset de Chair||15,038||49.91|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative||Somerset de Chair||16,060||57.35|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Victor Diederichs Duval||5,556||19.1||N/A|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+9.4|
|Unionist gain from National Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|National Liberal||Richard Winfrey||10,432||54.7||N/A|
|National Liberal hold||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative||Albert Edward Stanley Clarke||3,745||47.3||-1.2|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.1|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Political Science Resources: links to UK and US politics". www.psr.keele.ac.uk.
- "BBC NEWS - UK - UK Politics - MP Fraser poised to leave Commons". news.bbc.co.uk.
- Swaine, By Jon. "MPs' expenses: Christopher Fraser says that claim for trees was necessary".
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester,: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Norfolk South West 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "UKIP South West Norfolk - Thetford Swaffham Downham Market". UKIP South West Norfolk - Thetford Swaffham Downham Market.
- "Candidates". YourNextMP. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-14. Retrieved 2010-03-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886