South Staffordshire (UK Parliament constituency)
South Staffordshire is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Gavin Williamson, a Conservative.[n 2] This article also covers the history of the previous constituency of South Staffordshire or Staffordshire Southern which existed from 1832 to 1868, covering a much larger area.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of South Staffordshire in Staffordshire.
Location of Staffordshire within England.
|Electorate||74,189 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Gavin Williamson (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South West Staffordshire|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||East Staffordshire|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
1983–1997: The District of South Staffordshire.
1997–2010: The District of South Staffordshire wards of Bilbrook, Brewood and Coven, Cheslyn Hay, Codsall North, Codsall South, Essington, Featherstone, Great Wyrley Landywood, Great Wyrley Town, Kinver, Lower Penn, Pattingham and Patshull, Perton Central, Perton Dippons, Shareshill, Swindon, Trysull and Seisdon, Wombourne North, Wombourne South East, and Wombourne South West.
2010–present: The District of South Staffordshire wards of Bilbrook, Brewood and Coven, Cheslyn Hay North and Saredon, Cheslyn Hay South, Codsall North, Codsall South, Essington, Featherstone and Shareshill, Great Wyrley Landywood, Great Wyrley Town, Himley and Swindon, Huntington and Hatherton, Kinver, Pattingham and Patshull, Perton Dippons, Perton East, Perton Lakeside, Trysull and Seisdon, Wombourne North and Lower Penn, Wombourne South East, and Wombourne South West.
The constituency is made up of about two-thirds of the South Staffordshire local government district, its southern bulk. It flanks the western edge of the West Midlands, the closest parts being Wolverhampton and Dudley and it does not contain any large towns; the largest town (by electorate) is Wombourne. Its settlements include Brewood, Cheslyn Hay, Codsall, Featherstone, Great Wyrley, Kinver, Perton and Wombourne. Most electoral wards have to date been locally Conservative safe seats with Labour's only area of frequent strength, Cheslyn Hay, a town with historically a greater dependence on coal mining than the others.
The ancient county constituency of Staffordshire was divided under the Great Reform Act into two two-member constituencies, while other parts of the old constituency were made into or added to borough constituencies. These halves were formally the Northern division of Staffordshire and the Southern division of Staffordshire with less formal variations more common. The Reform Act 1867 abolished the Southern Division with effect from the 1868 general election, replacing it with two new two-seat constituencies: East Staffordshire and West Staffordshire.
- Prominent figures
Edward Littleton was involved heavily in Catholic Emancipation, the Truck Act of 1831, the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 and the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 and was for two years Chief Secretary for Ireland, prominent in the governments led by Melbourne.
Henry Chetwynd-Talbot (later The Earl of Shrewsbury) became an Admiral and whip in the House of Lords in later in life. Most of this early period elected prominent landowning industrialists, including, for example in, Walsall, and Wolverhampton and Henry Hodgetts-Foley inherited the majority of Penkridge, now in the Stafford seat, much developed by his heirs.
The present South Staffordshire constituency was established in 1983, although in reality this was merely a renaming of the Staffordshire South West constituency formed in 1974 from parts of the former constituencies of Brierley Hill and Cannock. It covered the whole of the South Staffordshire district until 1997, when the area around Penkridge was included in the Stafford constituency.
General election 2005Edit
|Wikinews has related news: UK Staffordshire South 2005 election postponed|
On 30 April 2005, the Liberal Democrat candidate Josephine Harrison died of an undisclosed illness at the age of 53. Election procedures at the time required that in the event of a candidate's death after the close of nominations, the returning officer had to direct the general election poll (due to be held on 5 May) to be abandoned, and to call a fresh general election poll. This was duly done under the same writ of election, 28 days after having seen proof of death. As the poll was not strictly a by-election, but rather a part of the general election, it was run under general election regulations; for instance, not qualifying for the significantly higher election expenses available at by-elections.
The original candidates were:
- Penny Barber, Labour
- Sir Patrick Cormack, Conservative
- Adrian Davies. Freedom Party
- Josephine Harrison, Liberal Democrats
- Malcolm Hurst, United Kingdom Independence Party
On 9 May, the Labour candidate, Penny Barber, announced that she was standing down as she could not afford to take any more time off work. The constituency Labour Party had to select a new candidate, choosing Paul Kalinauckas who had been their candidate in the 2001 election. The Liberal Democrats selected Jo Crotty as their replacement candidate. In addition, three additional candidates who had not been nominated for the original poll fought the delayed election: Kate Spohrer of the Green Party, Rev. David Braid of Clause 28 Children's Protection Christian Democrats, and most notably the journalist Garry Bushell representing the English Democrats Party, who had already stood in the Greenwich and Woolwich constituency on 5 May, where he had polled 3.4%.
The election was eventually held on 23 June 2005 and saw Sir Patrick Cormack hold the seat. With the seat being safely Conservative, and with the results of the general election in other constituencies already known, the election attracted a considerably lower turnout (37.3%) than in other constituencies. Cormack increased his majority to 34.5% (a 9.1% swing), while the United Kingdom Independence Party saw one of their best results of 2005, with 10.4% of the vote.
A year later. the Electoral Administration Act 2006 was passed in part because of the events in South Staffordshire. Under the new rules, in case of the death of a candidate, the party of the dead candidate is allowed to select a replacement candidate. New nominations from parties which did not contest the original pool are no longer permitted. This rule was first used in the 2010 general election when the UKIP candidate for Thirsk and Malton died before the election.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Election||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|1832||Edward Littleton||Whig||Sir John Wrottesley, Bt||Whig|
|1835 by-election||Sir Francis Holyoake-Goodricke, Bt||Conservative|
|1837||George Anson||Whig||Henry Chetwynd-Talbot||Conservative|
|1849 by-election||William Legge||Conservative|
|1853 by-election||Edward Littleton||Whig|
|1854 by-election||Henry Paget, Earl of Uxbridge||Whig|
|1857||William Orme Foster||Whig||Henry Hodgetts-Foley||Whig|
|1868||Constituency abolished: replaced by East Staffordshire and West Staffordshire|
MPs since 1983Edit
|1983||Sir Patrick Cormack||Conservative||Previously MP for South West Staffordshire|
|2010||Gavin Williamson||Conservative||Secretary of State for Defence since 2017|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Hilary Myers||1,348||2.6||0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Robert Woodthorpe Browne||1,448||2.9||13.8|
The vote share change in 2010 comes from the notional, not actual, results because of boundary changes.
|Liberal Democrat||Sarah Fellows||8,427||16.7||3.3|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Jo Crotty||3,540||13.8||2.2|
|English Democrat||Garry Bushell||643||2.5||N/A|
|Freedom (UK)||Adrian Davies||434||1.7||N/A|
|Clause 28 Children's Protection Christian Democrats||David Braid||67||0.3||N/A|
- Note the South Staffordshire 2005 Parliamentary election was postponed until 23 June due to the death of a candidate.
|Liberal Democrat||Josephine Harrison||4,891||11.6||0.3|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Jamie Calder||5,797||11.3||2.9|
|Liberal Democrat||IL Sadler||9,584||14.2||5.9|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Liberal||William Orme Foster||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Liberal||William Orme Foster||Unopposed|
|Whig||William Orme Foster||Unopposed|
|Whig gain from Conservative|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
- Caused by Legge's succession to the peerage, becoming 5th Earl of Dartmouth.
- Caused by Anson's resignation.
Elections in the 1840sEdit
- Caused by Chetwynd-Talbot's succession to the peerage, becoming 18th Earl of Shrewsbury
- Caused by Anson's appointment as Clerk of the Ordnance
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. LXIV. An Act to settle and describe the Divisions of Counties, and the Limits of Cities and Boroughs, in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 300–383. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 3)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 458–459. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 40–41. Retrieved 27 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 79. Retrieved 27 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- "The Elections". Morning Post. 4 July 1837. p. 5. Retrieved 15 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "General Election". Morning Post. 28 June 1841. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 15 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 122. Retrieved 15 August 2018 – via Google Books.
- Miller, Henry (2015). Politics Personified: Portraiture, Caricature and Visual Culture in Britain, c. 1830-80. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-7190-9084-4. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Walsall". Globe. 29 July 1847. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". Morning Post. 29 July 1847. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "South Staffordshire Election". Bucks Herald. 11 February 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 15 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette". 16 February 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 15 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Worcester Herald". 4 April 1857. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 15 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
- "General Election 2017 Candidate - Green Party". Green Party Members' Website.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Staffordshire South". news.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.