South Pare white-eye

The south Pare white-eye (Zosterops winifredae) is a bird species in the family Zosteropidae. Its range is restricted to the southern region of the Pare Mountains in northeastern Tanzania.

South Pare white-eye
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Zosteropidae
Genus: Zosterops
Z. winifredae
Binomial name
Zosterops winifredae

The South Pare white-eye was formerly treated as a subspecies of the Heuglin's white-eye (Zosterops poliogastrus) (previously named montane white-eye) but it is now considered as a separate species based on the phylogenetic relationships determined in a molecular study published in 2014.[2][3][4][5]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Zosterops winifredae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ Cox, S.C. (2013). Molecular Systematics and Diversification of African Zosteropidae (Aves: Passeriformes) (PhD). University College London.
  3. ^ Cox, S.C.; Prys-Jones, R.P.; Habel, J.C.; Amakobe, B.A.; Day, J.J. (2014). "Niche divergence promotes rapid diversification of East African sky island white-eyes (Aves: Zosteropidae)". Molecular Ecology. 23: 4103–4118. doi:10.1111/mec.12840.
  4. ^ Pearson, D.J.; Turner, D.A. (2017). "A taxonomic review of the genus Zosterops in East Africa, with a revised list of species occurring in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania". Scopus. 37: 1–13.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Sylviid babblers, parrotbills, white-eyes". World Bird List Version 9.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 24 January 2019.