South Jutland County
South Jutland County
South Jutland County in Denmark
|Established||1 April 1970|
|Abolished||1 January 2007|
|• Total||3,938 km2 (1,520 sq mi)|
|• Density||64/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||3166-1|
|Successor||Region of Southern Denmark|
The county was formed on 1 April 1970, comprising the former counties of Aabenraa (E), Haderslev (N), Sønderborg (SE), and Tønder (SW). The county was abolished effective 1 January 2007, when the Region of Southern Denmark was formed.
Following the reunification of the region with Denmark, the Church of Denmark elevated Haderslev to a diocese in 1923 and divided the region between the dioceses of Ribe (W) and Haderslev (E). This arrangement remains in effect.
South Jutland county is also known as Northern Schleswig (Danish: Nordslesvig, German: Nordschleswig). The name refers specifically to the southernmost 50 kilometers of the Danish part of the Jutland Peninsula that formerly belonged to the former Duchy of Schleswig (Danish: Slesvig or Sønderjylland), a Danish fief under the Kings of Denmark.
Denmark lost the Duchy of Schleswig, as well as the German Duchies of Holstein and Lauenburg, to Prussia and Austria in 1864 in the Second War of Schleswig. Following Austria's defeat in the Austro-Prussian War (1866), all three provinces were annexed to Prussia.
Following the defeat of Germany in World War I, the Allied powers organised two plebiscites in Northern and Central Schleswig on 10 February and 14 March 1920, respectively. In Northern Schleswig 75% voted for reunification with Denmark and 25% for remaining in Germany. Though there is no historical census, it is estimated that the percentage of ethnic Germans in Northern Schleswig was less than the 25% that had voted for remaining in Germany. From 1920 to 1939, Johannes Schmidt-Vodder was elected as the sole ethnic German representative in the Danish Parliament with consistently 13–15% of the North Schleswig votes, providing an indication of the actual percentage of ethnic Germans in the region.
In Central Schleswig the situation was reversed with 80% voting for Germany and 20% for Denmark. No vote ever took place in the southern third of Schleswig, as the result was considered a foregone conclusion. Today, they both form a part of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
On 15 June 1920, Northern Schleswig was officially reunited with Denmark. It is the only one of the German transfers of territory after World War I that the Nazis did not dispute. A small ethnic German minority still lives in South Jutland county, predominantly in and near the towns of Tønder and Aabenraa (German: Tondern and Apenrade). A relatively larger Dane minority lives in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
As reconstituted in 1970, South Jutland County had slightly different borders to the area gained from Germany in 1920: the towns of Hejle, Taps and Vejstrup (which were Danish throughout the period 1864 to 1920) were included in its jurisdiction, whereas Spandet, Roager and Hviding (German from 1864 to 1920) were included in the neighbouring 1970–2006 county of Ribe.
The coat of arms of South Jutland County was designed in 1980 and is derived from the historic coat of arms of Schleswig which in turn is derived from the national coat of arms of Denmark. The inspiration for the Dannebrog pennant was a 13th-century seal used by Erik Abelsøn, Duke of Schleswig.
List of County MayorsEdit
|1 April 1970||2 December 1981||Erik Jessen (Venstre)|
|2 December 1981||1 July 2000||Kresten Philipsen (Venstre)|
|1 July 2000||31 December 2006||Carl Holst (Venstre)|
- Aabenraa municipality
- Augustenborg municipality
- Bredebro municipality
- Broager municipality
- Bov municipality
- Christiansfeld municipality
- Gram municipality
- Gråsten municipality
- Haderslev municipality
- Højer municipality
- Lundtoft municipality
- Løgumkloster municipality
- Nordborg municipality
- Nørre-Rangstrup municipality
- Rødding municipality
- Rødekro municipality
- Skærbæk municipality
- Sundeved municipality
- Sønderborg municipality
- Sydals municipality
- Tinglev municipality
- Tønder municipality
- Vojens municipality
- "Sønderjyllands Amt". digdag.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- Biskopper over Haderslev Stift Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine
- http://www.zonu.com/fullsize/2011-06-10-13931/Schleswig-Holstein-1897.html Map of Schleswig from 1897