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South East Cambridgeshire (UK Parliament constituency)

HistoryEdit

The constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the former seats of Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely. Its first MP, Francis Pym, was a Conservative Cabinet Minister, serving in roles such as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (1973-4) in the Heath government, and Secretary of State for Defence (1979–81), Leader of the House of Commons (1981-2) and most prominently Foreign Secretary (1982-3, during the Falklands War) under Thatcher. However, during the four years he served South East Cambridgeshire, he was a Tory 'wet' backbencher, having been sacked by Thatcher for famously remarking during the 1983 election that "Landslides don't on the whole produce successful governments."

It has to date been a safe Conservative seat, although in 2010 the margin was cut to a relatively small 10.3% by the Liberal Democrat candidate (possibly helped by controversies surrounding the Labour candidate). In 2015 and 2017 Labour achieved the largest increase in their share of the vote, and in 2017 achieved their highest ever vote share in the seat (27.7%) and overtook the Liberal Democrats for the first time since 1997; despite this, the Conservatives achieved over 50% of the vote in the seat for the first time since 1992.

According to approximate analysis of the 2016 EU referendum, South East Cambridgeshire (which is made up of wards from East Cambridgeshire District Council, which voted 51% to leave, and South Cambridgeshire District Council, which voted 60% to remain) voted 54% to remain in the EU.[2]

Constituency profileEdit

Workless claimants were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.4% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[3]

Boundaries and boundary changesEdit

1983-1997: The District of East Cambridgeshire wards of Bottisham, Burwell, Cheveley, Dullingham Villages, Ely North, Ely South, Ely West, Fordham Villages, Isleham, Soham, The Swaffhams, and Woodditton, and the District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Abington, Balsham, Bar Hill, Castle Camps, Coton, Cottenham, Elsworth, Fulbourn, Girton, Histon, Linton, Longstanton, Milton, Over, Swavesey, Teversham, The Wilbrahams, Waterbeach, and Willingham.[4]

The seat was created for the 1983 general election which followed on from the merger under the Local Government Act 1972, of the two administrative counties of Huntingdon and Peterborough and Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely to form the non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire, with effect from 1 April 1974. It was formed from eastern parts of the abolished County Constituency of Cambridgeshire, together with the city of Ely, which had been in the abolished County Constituency of Isle of Ely.

1997-2010: The District of East Cambridgeshire wards of Bottisham, Burwell, Cheveley, Dullingham Villages, Ely North, Ely South, Ely West, Fordham Villages, Haddenham, Isleham, Soham, Stretham, The Swaffhams, Witchford, and Woodditton, and the District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Abington, Balsham, Castle Camps, Cottenham, Fulbourn, Histon, Linton, Milton, Over, Teversham, The Wilbrahams, Waterbeach, and Willingham.[5]

Western-most area transferred to the new County Constituency of South Cambridgeshire.  Minor gain from North East Cambridgeshire.

2010–present: The District of East Cambridgeshire wards of Bottisham, Burwell, Cheveley, Dullingham Villages, Ely East, Ely North, Ely South, Ely West, Fordham Villages, Haddenham, Isleham, Soham North, Soham South, Stretham, and The Swaffhams, and the District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Balsham, Fulbourn, Histon and Impington, Linton, Milton, Teversham, The Wilbrahams, Waterbeach, and Willingham and Over.[6]

Further minor loss to South Cambridgeshire.

The constituency includes the eastern half of South Cambridgeshire district and the southern part of East Cambridgeshire. Ely, the largest community, has cathedral city status, and there are many smaller settlements including Burwell, Fulbourn, Isleham, Linton, Milton, Soham and Waterbeach.

Changes proposed for 2022Edit

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

The Commission has recommended that three further wards (Fulbourn, Linton and Teversham) be transferred to South Cambridgeshire, partly offset by the gain of the District of Huntingdonshire ward of Earith from North West Cambridgeshire.[7]

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General election 2017: South East Cambridgeshire[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lucy Frazer 33,601 53.3  4.9
Labour Huw Jones 17,443 27.7  12.5
Liberal Democrat Lucy Nethsingha 11,958 19.0   1.2
Majority 16,158 25.6   2.7
Turnout 63,002 73.0   2.6
Conservative hold Swing   3.8
General election 2015: South East Cambridgeshire[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lucy Frazer[13][n 3] 28,845 48.5  0.5
Liberal Democrat Jonathan Chatfield[13] 12,008 20.2  17.5
Labour Huw Jones[13] 9,013 15.1  7.5
UKIP Deborah Rennie[15] 6,593 11.1  7.4
Green Clive Semmens[16] 3,047 5.1  3.8
Majority 16,837 28.3  18.0
Turnout 59,506 70.4  1.1
Conservative hold Swing  9.0
General election 2010: South East Cambridgeshire[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Paice 27,629 48.0  0.8[19]
Liberal Democrat Jonathan Chatfield 21,683 37.6  6.2
Labour John Cowan 4,380 7.6  13.8 [n 4]
UKIP Andy Monk 2,138 3.7 N/A
Green Simon Sedgwick-Jell 766 1.3 N/A
Independent Geoffrey Woollard 517 0.9 N/A
Christian Peoples Daniel Bell 489 0.8 N/A
Majority 5,946 10.3   5.1
Turnout 57,602 69.3  4.0
Conservative hold Swing  2.7

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: South East Cambridgeshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Paice 26,374 47.1  2.9
Liberal Democrat Jonathan Chatfield 17,750 31.7  4.8
Labour Fiona Ross 11,936 21.3  5.1
Majority 8,624 15.4  1.9
Turnout 56,060 65.3  1.8
Conservative hold Swing  1.0
General election 2001: South East Cambridgeshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Paice 22,927 44.2  1.2
Liberal Democrat Sal Brinton 13,937 26.9  1.8
Labour Andrew Inchley 13,714 26.4  0.1
UKIP Neil Scarr 1,308 2.5 N/A
Majority 8,990 17.3 -
Turnout 51,886 63.5  10.8
Conservative hold Swing  0.3

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: South East Cambridgeshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Paice 24,397 42.9  15.0
Labour Rex Collinson 15,048 26.5  6.5
Liberal Democrat Sal Brinton 14,246 25.1  4.8
Referendum John Howlett 2,838 5.0 N/A
Building a Fair Society Karl Lam 167 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Peter While 111 0.2  0.2
Majority 9,349 17.3  20.2
Turnout 56,807 75.1  5.5
Conservative hold Swing  10.8
General election 1992: South East Cambridgeshire[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Paice 36,693 57.9  0.9
Liberal Democrat Ronald Wotherspoon 12,883 20.3  7.2
Labour Arthur Jones 12,688 20.0  6.3
Green John Marsh 836 1.3 N/A
Natural Law Bridget Langridge 231 0.4 N/A
Majority 23,810 37.5  6.2
Turnout 63,331 80.6  3.2
Conservative hold Swing  3.2

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: South East Cambridgeshire[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Paice 32,901 58.8  1.2
Social Democratic Peter Lee 15,399 27.5  2.3
Labour Thomas Ling 7,694 13.7  1.1
Majority 17,502 31.3  3.5
Turnout 55,994 77.4  3.2
Conservative hold Swing  1.8
General election 1983: South East Cambridgeshire[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Pym 28,555 57.6 N/A
Social Democratic Christopher Slee 14,791 29.8 N/A
Labour Mary Jackson 6,261 12.6 N/A
Majority 13,764 27.8 N/A
Turnout 49,607 74.2 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Note: In January 2014 Lucy Frazer, a barrister, was "reaffirmed" as Conservative candidate for South East Cambridgeshire on Friday despite claims that she had been beaten in an open primary by another woman, Heidi Allen,[14] who is the Conservative candidate in the neighbouring constituency, South Cambridgeshire.
  4. ^ Note: In April 2010 John Cowan was suspended from the Labour Party following controversy over comments he had made which, if elected, would have led to a period as an independent MP. As nominations for candidates had closed, Labour were unable to replace him, nor did he withdraw his candidature.[20] He had previously been expelled from the Liberal Democrats.[21]
References
  1. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. ^ [1] Electoral Calculus]
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  6. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  7. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 1)
  9. ^ https://www.eastcambs.gov.uk/sites/default/files/Parliament%20-%20Statement%20of%20Persons%20Nominated%20and%20Notice%20of%20Poll.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.itv.com/news/anglia/2017-05-12/candidates-standing-in-the-general-election-in-cambridgeshire/
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. ^ [2], BBC News
  13. ^ a b c http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/cambridgeshire-south-east-2015.html
  14. ^ "The battle of the Tory women: Farcical scenes after 'invalid' vote to select candidate for safe seat". Independent. 12 January 2014.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-05. Retrieved 2014-11-29. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ http://eastcambs.greenparty.org.uk/news/2014/11/30/green-party-announce-candidate-for-general-election/
  17. ^ http://www.scambs.gov.uk/admin/documents/retrieve.asp?pk_document=908869[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ Cambridgeshire South East, BBC News
  19. ^ Percentage changes based on 2005 notional results due to boundary changes
  20. ^ "Labour axes Muslim row candidate". BBC News. 26 April 2010.
  21. ^ "General Election 2010: Labour suspends candidate over online messages". The Daily Telegraph. London. 26 April 2010.
  22. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  23. ^ a b British Parliamentary Election Results 1983-97

External linksEdit