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South Asian English

South Asian English is the English of South Asia.

English was introduced to South Asia in the early 17th century and reinforced by the long rule of the British Empire.

Today it is spoken as a second language by about 33 million people, 3% of the total population.[1]

Although it is fairly homogeneous across the region, sharing "linguistic features and tendencies at virtually all linguistic levels", there are also differences based on various factors.[2]

South Asian English is sometimes called "Indian English", as British India included most of the region, but today, the varieties of English are usually divided according to the modern states:


  1. ^ Baumgardner, p. 1
  2. ^ Marco Schilk, Tobias Bernaisch, Joybrato Mukherjee, "Mapping unity and diversity in South Asian English lexicogrammar: Verb-complementational preferences across varieties", in Marianne Hundt, Ulrike Gut, Mapping Unity and Diversity World-Wide: Corpus-Based Studies of New Englishes, 2012, ISBN 9027274940, p. 140f


  • Robert J. Baumgardner, ed., South Asian English: Structure, Use, and Users, 1996, ISBN 0252064933.
  • Braj Kachru, Yamuna Kachru, Cecil Nelson, The Handbook of World Englishes, 2009, ISBN 1405188316.