Sound energy density

Sound energy density or sound density is the sound energy per unit volume. The SI unit of sound energy density is the pascal (Pa), that is the joule per cubic metre (J/m3) in SI based units.

Sound measurements
 Sound pressure p, SPL,LPA
 Particle velocity v, SVL
 Particle displacement δ
 Sound intensity I, SIL
 Sound power P, SWL, LWA
 Sound energy W
 Sound energy density w
 Sound exposure E, SEL
 Acoustic impedance Z
 Audio frequency AF
 Transmission loss TL

Mathematical definitionEdit

Sound energy density, denoted w, is defined by



The terms instantaneous energy density, maximum energy density, and peak energy density have meanings analogous to the related terms used for sound pressure. In speaking of average energy density, it is necessary to distinguish between the space average (at a given instant) and the time average (at a given point).

Sound energy density levelEdit

The sound energy density level gives the ratio of a sound incidence as a sound energy value in comparison to a reference level of 0 dB (DIN 45630). It is a logarithmic measure of the ratio of two sound energy densities.

The energy produced by vibrations is known as sound


where E1 and E0 are the energy densities. The unit of the sound energy density level is the decibel (dB).

If E0 is the standard reference sound energy density of[1]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ DIN 1320: Acoustics, Version 1997-06, Beuth publishing

External linksEdit