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Sotnia or sotnya (Ukrainian and Russian: Cотня, Bosnian: Satnija Croatian: Satnija) is a military term of Slavic origin. The word, which literally means "hundred", in this context refers to a military unit of about 100-150 persons.
A smaller unit, half-sotnia, is also known.
In Russian history, sotnya was also a unit of some other (civil) organizations, see ru:Сотня.
During the Cossack service in the Imperial Russian Armies the typical regiment had five sotnias or squadrons. The term was used in the foot or cavalry Cossack regiments. The unit term was retained until the establishment of Soviet Union in 1922 and termination of the Ukrainian People's Republic and Free Don Cossack Oblast.
Ukrainian National Army divisionsEdit
In the Ukrainian National Army each sotnia contained three or four chotas (singular chotа – literally "count"; platoons), and each chota comprised three riys (singular riy (Ukrainian), literally "a swarm"; a section or reinforced squad of 10 to 12 men). Every riy usually had one light machine gun, two or three other special weapons, and at least seven assault rifles.
In today's Croatian Army there is a unit called satnija (equivalent of company) with about 100–150 soldiers.
- Compare the account of the subdivisions of the Ukrainian National Army units in internment in Italy: Братство українських вояків 1-ої української дивізії Української національної армії (2005). Revutskyj, Valeriyan (ed.). РІМІНІ 1945–1947. Перша українська дивізія Української національної армії у британському полоні в Італії: матеріали до історії дивізії [Rimini 1945-1947: Ukrainian National Army, First Ukrainian Division: in British internment in Italy] (PDF) (in Ukrainian). 2. Kyiv: Смолоскип. p. 8. ISBN 966-8499-29-8. Retrieved 2014-10-30.
- Mikaberidze, Aleksander, The Russian officer Corps in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, Savas Beatie, New York, 2005
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