Sotah (Hebrew: סוֹטָה or Hebrew: שׂוֹטָה) is a tractate of the Talmud in Rabbinic Judaism. The tractate explains the ordeal of the bitter water, a trial by ordeal of a woman suspected of adultery, which is prescribed by the Book of Numbers in the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh). In most editions, this tractate is the sixth in the order of Nashim, and it is divided into nine chapters. The tractate exists in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmud.
Sotah is also the term used for the woman tried in this manner.
The mishnayos (mishnas) are devoted in the main to an exact definition of the rules of procedure in the case of a wife who was either actually or supposedly unfaithful. The mishnayos discuss other rituals in which speech is a key component, such as egla arufa, breaking the heifer's neck; Hakheil, the Jewish King's septa-annual public Torah reading; and the Blessings and Curses of Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal.
The Tosefta of Sotah is divided into fifteen chapters and contains a large number of aggadic and exegetic interpretations, as well as various historical statements and narratives.
- Spelled "שוטה" in Maimonides' manuscript ("Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-12-24. Retrieved 2017-02-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link); This spelling recurs in Rabbi Yosef Qafeh's editions of Maimonides' works.
- Grushcow, Lisa (2006). Writing the Wayward Wife: Rabbinic Interpretations of Sotah. BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-14628-0.