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Sorsogon City, officially the City of Sorsogon, (Central Bicolano: Ciudad nin Sorsogon; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Sorsogon), is a 3rd class city and capital of the province of Sorsogon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 168,110 people.[4]

Sorsogon City
City of Sorsogon
AerialViewofSorsogonCity.jpg
Official seal of Sorsogon City
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"Gateway to Southern Philippines"[1]
Map of Sorsogon with Sorsogon City highlighted
Map of Sorsogon with Sorsogon City highlighted
Sorsogon City is located in Philippines
Sorsogon City
Sorsogon City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°58′N 124°00′E / 12.97°N 124°E / 12.97; 124Coordinates: 12°58′N 124°00′E / 12.97°N 124°E / 12.97; 124
Country Philippines
RegionBicol Region (Region V)
ProvinceSorsogon
District1st district of Sorsogon
FoundedFebruary 28, 1895
CityhoodDecember 16, 2000
Barangays64 (see Barangays)
Government
[2]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMa. Ester Hamor
 • Vice MayorEric Dioneda
 • Electorate100, 056 (2019)
Area
[3]
 • Total276.11 km2 (106.61 sq mi)
Elevation
38.45 m (126.15 ft)
Population
 (2015 census)[4]
 • Total168,110
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sorsoganon
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4700
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)56
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Income class3rd city income class
Revenue (₱)635.6 million  (2016)
Native languagesBikol Sorsogonese (Central Sorsogon, Southern Sorsogon)
Major religionsChristianity
Major Pan-Philippine Highway RouteAH26 (N1) sign.svg
Minor/Alternative City RoutesN643 (Philippines).svg N644 (Philippines).svg
Websitesorsogoncity.gov.ph

The city was formed in the year 2000 by the merging of Bacon and Sorsogon towns.[5] The city's total population spread across 64 barangays.

It serves a trans-shipment point from the Visayas and Mindanao provinces, and is dubbed as the "Gateway to Southern Philippines".[1] Sorsogon City is one of the region's leading cities in urbanization and the most promising city in terms of development.

HistoryEdit

FoundationEdit

Sorsogon City was created by virtue of Republic Act 8806[5] which was enacted on August 16, 2000, and ratified in December 2000.

GeographyEdit

Sorsogon City covers a land area of 31,292 hectares (120.82 sq mi). It is at the southernmost tip of the Bicol Peninsula and of Luzon Island. The city is bounded by Castilla in the west, Manito in the northwest, Albay Gulf in the north, Prieto Diaz in the east, Gubat in the southeast, Casiguran in the southwest, and Sorsogon Bay in the south. Sorsogon is characterized by an irregular topography; mountain ranges on the north-west, sloping uplands on the central part of the city, plain areas south western and central north and southeast portion, and marshlands on the southeast deltas. It is also surrounded by water, with Sorsogon Bay to the west Albay Gulf to the north east, and Philippine Sea in the east.

Panoramic view of Sorsogon Bay

Sorsogon City is 581 kilometres (361 mi) southeast of Manila and 54 kilometres (34 mi) south of Legazpi City. The 2015 Census puts the city's population at 168,110 with an annual growth rate of 0.84%. Sorsogon City ranked as the 3rd largest city in terms of population in the Bicol region. The only city in the province of Sorsogon, Sorsogon City is the largest in terms of land area in the Bicol region.

The Pan-Philippine Highway which runs from northwest to southeast through the city, connects Sorsogon City to the municipalities of Castilla, Pilar, in the northwest towards Daraga, Legazpi City, Naga City and the rest of Luzon. It also connects to the municipalities of Gubat, Casiguran and the rest of the second district municipalities of the province of Sorsogon in the southeast.

BarangaysEdit

ClimateEdit

Sorsogon City features a tropical rainforest climate with copious amount of rainfall throughout the course of the year. There is no pronounced dry season, but it has very pronounced maximum rain from November to January with December as the wettest month of the year; experiencing 23 days of rain. Temperature is constant throughout the year. Sorsogon City's average yearly rainfall is just over 2,671 mm (105.2 in). April is the driest month of the year which only sees 12 rain days and 2,671 mm (105.2 in) of rainfall. Average High temperature is at 38.08 °C (100.5 °F) and its Average Low temperature is at 24.5 °C (76.1 °F). The coolest month is January with a daily mean of 25.5 °C (77.9 °F) and the hottest months are jointly April and May with a daily mean of 28 °C (82.4 °F).

Climate data for Sorsogon City, Sorsogon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35
(95)
40
(104)
35
(95)
39
(102)
39
(102)
39
(102)
39
(102)
39
(102)
35
(95)
39
(102)
39
(102)
39
(102)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
34
(93)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
Record low °C (°F) 15
(59)
15
(59)
19
(66)
14
(57)
15
(59)
17
(63)
18
(64)
16
(61)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
19
(66)
5
(41)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 293
(11.5)
227
(8.9)
209
(8.2)
166
(6.5)
189
(7.4)
203
(8.0)
231
(9.1)
196
(7.7)
271
(10.7)
295
(11.6)
387
(15.2)
539
(21.2)
3,206
(126.2)
Average rainy days 21 15 15 12 13 14 17 16 17 18 21 23 202
Source #1: http://www.myweather2.com/City-Town/Philippines/Sorsogon/climate-profile.aspx
Source #2: http://www.worldweatheronline.com/Sorsogon-weather-averages/Sorsogon/PH.aspx

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 14,536—    
1918 14,733+0.09%
1939 18,351+1.05%
1948 22,859+2.47%
1960 21,723−0.42%
1970 27,957+2.55%
1975 28,546+0.42%
1980 31,965+2.29%
1990 32,810+0.26%
1995 38,603+3.09%
2000 42,166+1.91%
Bacon ceased to exist as a separate municipality in 2000.
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][6][7][8]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 13,511—    
1918 16,694+1.42%
1939 22,097+1.34%
1948 26,004+1.83%
1960 35,542+2.64%
1970 47,734+2.99%
1975 53,700+2.39%
1980 60,574+2.44%
1990 72,871+1.87%
1995 83,012+2.47%
2000 92,512+2.35%
2007 151,454+7.04%
2010 155,144+0.88%
2015 168,110+1.54%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][6][7][8]
Demographic statistics[9]
  • Annual Growth Rate 1.69% for the period 2000 – 2007
  • Population Growth Rate – 2.15% (1995–2000)
  • Population Density - 627 persons per square kilometer
  • Total Number of Households 30,290
  • Male Population - 77,117
  • Female Population - 74,337
  • Religion – 95% Roman Catholic
  • Labor Force – 56% of the total population, 1/4 of the over-15 years old is, at least, high-school graduate, 15% of the total workforce have college-level education
  • Student Population - 15,323
  • Voting Age Population - 83, 123

City governmentEdit

The city's local government is headed by a mayor elected by popular vote. The Vice Mayor serves as the presiding officer of the Sangguniang Panlungsod (city council), with 12 Councilors elected by popular vote as its members.[citation needed] The Sangguniang Panlungsod serves as the city's legislative body and its role is to enact ordinances, approve resolutions, appropriate funds for the general welfare of the city and its inhabitants.[citation needed] Both the council members and the mayor serve three-year terms; and eligible for re-election for two more three-year terms.[citation needed]

 
The 3 Districts of Sorsogon City shown in the picture: Marked in green is Bacon district, Yellow is the East District and in Blue, the West district.

Since the city's creation in 2000, only two people have served as Mayor of the City namely Sally A. Lee who is the incumbent Mayor and also served as the first elected mayor of the city, and Leovic R. Dioneda who served from 2007 to 2013. A third person, outgoing provincial vice governor Ester Hamor, will be the new city mayor by noon of June 30, 2019.

Mayors of Sorsogon City
Mayor Term
Sally A. Lee June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2007 (two three-year terms)
Leovic R. Dioneda June 30, 2007 – June 30, 2013 (two three-year terms)
Sally A. Lee June 30, 2013 – June 30, 2019 (Incumbent)
Ma. Ester Hamor June 30, 2019 (Incoming)
Vice mayors of Sorsogon City
Vice mayor Term
Edmundo Atutubo June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010 (three three-year terms)
Bobet Lee Rodrigueza June 30, 2010 – June 30, 2013 (one three-year term)
Charo Dichoso- Logronio June 30, 2013 – June 30, 2016 (one three-year term)
Athan Balintong June 30, 2016 – June 30, 2019 (Incumbent)
Eric Dioneda June 30, 2019 (Incoming)

EconomyEdit

Sorsogon City, as the capital town of the province of Sorsogon, is a hub of trade and commerce. Business is concentrated in the downtown area near the public market and major commercial establishments primarily geared towards retail and wholesale and the Bacon District is the secondary business district of the City.

As of 2012, Sorsogon City ranked third among the cities with most revenue in the Bicol region with an estimated annual income of P432,978,837,[10] only behind Naga City and Legazpi City. Despite being a city and its increasing annual income, agriculture and fisheries sector is still the driving force of its economy.[citation needed] The main agricultural products include rice, coconut, abaca, pili nuts, root crops and vegetables.[citation needed]

The Bay City Sorsogon, that is currently being built at the coast of Barangay Balogo will definitely have a huge impact on the economic growth of the city. It is a priority project of LKY Development Corporation, a privately owned real estate company. The Bay City Sorsogon includes a Commercial Complex, Five Star Hotel, Coliseum, Outdoor Dining Area, a Central Bus Terminal and a lot more. The excavation of this 16-hectare property just started during the last quarter of 2010 and the completion is expected by the 3rd quarter of 2011.[11][better source needed]

Proposed projectsEdit

A Sorsogon City Coastal Road is already underway. The construction of the coastal highway was pledged by Senator Francis Escudero and Sorsogon 1st District Representative Evelina Escudero. The 22-hectare coastal highway will help decongest the city traffic once completed and provide an additional space for a walkway.[12]

Notable peopleEdit

Sister citiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Senate Bill No. 3361" (PDF). Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  2. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  3. ^ "Province: Sorsogon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  5. ^ a b "R.A. No. 8806: An Act Creating the City of Sorsogon by Merging the Municipalities of Bacon and Sorsogon in the Province of Sorsogon and Appropriating Funds Therefor". The Corpus Juris. August 16, 2000. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  7. ^ a b Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ a b "Province of Sorsogon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  9. ^ Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2003–2012, Summary (Briefing Material), Sectoral Consultation, Vicanta Hall, Sorsogon City, November 27, 2003
  10. ^ http://iskor.blgf.gov.ph/pages/luzon/region5/pdfFiles/SorsogonCity.pdf
  11. ^ "ECMP company profile 2009 rev3.pmd" (PDF). Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ 15th Congress http://www.senate.gov.ph/senators/sen15th.asp
  14. ^ page 32, Tracing from Solsogon to Sorsogon, 2nd Edition (2007), ISBN 978-971-814-099-4
  15. ^ "Dont you know that Mary Walter & Lino Brocka are Sorsoganons?". September 5, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2017.

External linksEdit