Sopron County

  (Redirected from Sopron (county))

Sopron (German: Ödenburg) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now divided between Austria and Hungary. The capital of the county was Sopron.

Sopron County
Comitatus Soproniensis
Sopron vármegye
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(11th century-1946)
County of the Second Hungarian Republic
(1946-1949)
County of the Hungarian People's Republic
(1949-1950)
Coat of arms of Sopron
Coat of arms
Sopron.png
CapitalSopron
Area
 • Coordinates47°41′N 16°35′E / 47.683°N 16.583°E / 47.683; 16.583Coordinates: 47°41′N 16°35′E / 47.683°N 16.583°E / 47.683; 16.583
 
• 1910
3,256 km2 (1,257 sq mi)
• 1930
1,915 km2 (739 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
283500
• 1930
179261
History 
• Established
11th century
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
• Disestablished
16 March 1950
Today part of Hungary
(1,915 km2)
 Austria
(1,341 km2)

GeographyEdit

Sopron county shared borders with the Austrian land Lower Austria and the Hungarian counties Moson, Győr, Veszprém and Vas. The Lake Neusiedl (Hungarian: Fertő tó, German: Neusiedler See) lay in the county. Its area was about 3,256 km² around 1910.

HistoryEdit

The Sopron comitatus arose as one of the first comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary.

In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon the western part of the county became part of Austria, while the eastern part became a part of Hungary. In 1921, it was decided by referendum that the city of Sopron and eight surrounding settlements would join Hungary instead of Austria.

 
Sopron County after the Treaty of Trianon. (3) The city of Sopron (urban county) (4) territory transferred from Moson County to Sopron County in 1921.

In 1950, Sopron county merged with Győr-Moson county to form Győr-Sopron county, while a small part of Sopron county went to Vas county. The county was renamed to Győr-Moson-Sopron county in 1990.

 
The formation of modern Győr-Sopron County. (1) territory assigned from Vas County to Győr-Sopron County in 1950. (2) territory assigned from Sopron County to Vas County in 1950.

DemographicsEdit

1900Edit

In 1900, the county had a population of 279,796 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910Edit

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 283,510 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

SubdivisionsEdit

 
Subdivisions of Sopron County in 1910

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Sopron county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Csepreg Csepreg
Csorna Csorna
Felsőpulya Felsőpulya, AT Oberpullendorf
Kapuvár Kapuvár
Kismarton Kismarton, AT Eisenstadt
Nagymarton Nagymarton, AT Mattersburg
Sopron Sopron
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Sopron
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Kismarton, AT Eisenstadt
Ruszt, AT Rust

Eisenstadt, Mattersburg, Rust and Oberpullendorf are now in Austria.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 25 June 2012.