Sophia of Lithuania

Sophia of Lithuania (1371–1453), also known as Sofia Vitovtovna, was a Grand Princess consort of Muscovy by marriage to Vasili I of Russia. She was regent of Muscovy during the minority of her son from 1425 to 1434.

Sophia of Lithuania
Grand Princess of Moscow
Vasily I of Moscow and Sophia of Lithuania.jpg
Vasily I of Moscow and Sophia of Lithuania
Died1453 (aged 81–82)
SpouseVasily I
Anna, Byzantine Empress
Vasily II of Moscow
ReligionRussian Orthodox
prev. Roman Catholic
Sophia of Lithuania's grave inscription.


She was the daughter of Vytautas the Great of Lithuania and his first wife, Anna. On 21 January 1391, while her father was engaged in the Lithuanian Civil War, she married Vasili I of Russia. She was the longest serving consort of Russia.

After Vasili's death in 1425 she became regent for their ten-year-old son Vasili II. Her father supported Vasili's claim to the throne, which was disputed by his uncle, Yuri of Zvenigorod.

Sophia was buried in the Ascension Convent; the sarcophagus was moved in 1929 to the Cathedral of the Archangel by Soviet authorities.[1]


She and Vasili I of Russia had at least nine children, five boys (of which only one survived to mature adulthood) and four girls:

  • Anna of Moscow (1393 – August 1417), wife of John VIII Palaiologos, died of bubonic plague
  • Yury Vasilievich (30 March 1395 – 30 November 1400)
  • Ivan Vasilievich (15 January 1396 or 1397 – 20 July 1417), died on the way from Kolomna to Moscow as a result of "pestilence", just six months after marrying the daughter of Prince Ivan Vladimirovich of Pronsk and receiving the inheritance of Nizhny Novgorod
  • Anastasia Vasilievna (d. 1470), wife of Vladymir Alexander, Prince of Kiev. Her husband was a son of Vladymir, Prince of Kiev. His paternal grandparents were Algirdas and Maria of Vitebsk.
  • Daniil Vasilievich (6 December 1400 – May 1402), died of pestilence
  • Vasilisa Vasilievna, wife of Alexander Ivanovich "Brukhaty", Prince of Suzdal, and Alexander Daniilovich "Vzmetenj", Prince of Suzdal.
  • Simeon Vasilievich (13 January – 7 April 1405), died of pestilence
  • Maria Vasilievna, wife of Yuri Patrikievich. Her husband was a son of Patrikas, Prince of Starodub, and his wife, Helena. His paternal grandfather was Narimantas.
  • Vasily II of Moscow (10 March 1415 – 27 March 1462)


  1. ^ Baranauskas, Tomas (2010-10-24). "Vytauto Didžiojo mirties 580-osioms metinėms" (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 2010-10-26.

External linksEdit

Sophia of Lithuania
Born: c. 1371 Died: 1453
Russian royalty
Title last held by
Eudoxia of Moscow
Grand Princess consort of Muscovy
Title next held by
Maria Yaroslavna of Borovsk