Sony Digital Audio Disc Corporation
Sony Digital Audio Disc Corporation (Sony DADC) is a manufacturer of CDs, DVDs, UMDs, and Blu-ray Discs. The company has many plants worldwide. Although it primarily services Sony Music Entertainment-owned record labels, it also manufactures discs for other labels.
Sony DADC's first plant, in Terre Haute, Indiana, opened May 2, 1983, and produced its first CD, Bruce Springsteen's Born in the U.S.A., in September 1984. It was the first CD manufacturer in the United States, is the company's principal CD manufacturing facility, and is the company's research and development center.
When Sony bought CBS Records in 1988, it acquired that company's manufacturing facilities, some of which later became part of Sony DADC. Among these are the plants in Pitman, New Jersey (closed in 2011); Terre Haute, Indiana; Toronto, Ontario, Canada (plant closed in 2011); Mexico City (plant closed 2015); Salzburg, Austria; Mumbai, India; and Manaus, Brazil—all of which were originally manufacturers of vinyl gramophone records. These plants began manufacturing CDs later—Pitman in 1988, Manaus in 1992, and Toronto and Mexico City in 1994.
LaserDiscs, primarily 12-inch disc prints of feature films and concerts, were manufactured by Sony DADC in the 1980s and 1990s. Some of the laserdiscs currently show laser rot, more than from any other manufacturer.
Sony DADC now manufactures the majority of CDs sold in the United States. In November 2008, the company bought the American disc-manufacturing capabilities of Glenayre Technologies, which manufactured the discs of Universal Music Group. In the summer of 2009, the company assumed the physical distribution of EMI's North American operations. This left WEA as the only major label whose discs are not manufactured by the company, as its discs are manufactured by the operations of the former WEA Manufacturing that were sold to Cinram.
On August 8, 2011, a Sony DADC distribution center in Enfield was destroyed during the 2011 England riots. The warehouse was used by independent music distributor PIAS Entertainment Group to distribute CDs, LPs, and DVDs for over 100 European independent labels. The total stock loss in the fire was reported to be between 3.5 million and 25 million units.
On January 17th, 2018, the DADC plant in Terre Haute, IN announced that they would be laying off 375 employees, and shifting manufacturing of audio discs to another manufacturer, Sonopress. It was later determined that manufacturing of most audio discs would be facilitated by CDA Inc. The majority of audio discs manufactured for Universal Music Group US and Sony Music Entertainment US are presently manufactured by CDA Inc, while the discs are packaged and assembled into jewel cases in the USA. Technicolor sometimes also assists in the facilitation of disc manufacturing for Universal Music Group US.
|Sony DADC Japan Inc.|
|Sony DADC Americas|
|Sony DADC US Inc.||Pitman, NJ||Shut down (2011)|
|Terre Haute, IN||Operational (1983–present)|
|Sony DADC Canada Co.||Toronto||Shut down (2011)|
|Sony DADC Brasil Industria,
Comercio e Distribuicao Video-Fonografica Ltda.
|Manaus||Shut down (2018)|
|Sony DADC México S.A. de C.V||Mexico City||Shut down (2015)|
|Sony DADC International|
|Sony DADC Europe Limited, Zweigniederlassung Österreich||Thalgau||Operational|
|Anif||Shut down (2019)|
|Sony DADC Europe Limited||Southwater||Shut down (2018)|
|Sony DADC Czech Republic s.r.o.||Pilsen||Operational|
|OOO Sony DADC Russia||Borovsk||Operational (2011–present)|
|Sony DADC Manufacturing India Pvt. Ltd.||Mumbai||Shut down (2016)|
|Sony DADC China Co. Ltd.||Shanghai||Non-Operational Holding Co.|
|Shanghai Epic Music Entertainment Company Ltd.||Operational|
|Sony DADC Hong Kong Ltd.||Hong Kong||Shut down (2015)|
|Sony DADC Australia Pty Ltd.||Huntingwood, NSW||Shut down (2018)|
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Printed on the discs or packaging of Sony DADC-manufactured CDs are codes indicating master copies (matrix numbers) of discs. These codes begin with a 4-letter prefix followed by a series of digits. Common prefixes include the following:
- DIDC – Classical recordings released on Sony-affiliated record labels.
- DIDP – Popular (i.e., non-classical) recordings released on Sony-affiliated record labels.
- DIDX – Recordings pressed by DADC for release on non-Sony-affiliated record labels.
- DIDY – Recordings pressed by the US division of DADC for the Columbia House Record Club.
- DIDZ – Recordings released on WEA Japan. (This code was only used from 1983 to 1985.)
- CDRM - Software titles
- LDVS - Standard Laserdiscs
- LDTA - THX & AC-3 Laserdiscs
- LDTX - THX Laserdiscs
- LDAC - AC-3 Laserdiscs
- DVSS - Single-layer DVDs
- DVDL - Dual-layer DVDs
- BVSS - Single-layer Blu-ray Discs
- BVDL - Dual-layer Blu-ray Discs
- BHSS - Single-layer Hybrid Blu-ray Discs
- BHDL - Dual-layer Hybrid Blu-ray Discs
- DRSS - DVD-ROM software titles
- PSRM - PlayStation titles
- PTRM - PlayStation 2 CD-ROM titles
- PDSS - PlayStation 2 DVD-ROM titles
- PDDL - PlayStation 2 DVD-ROM Dual-layer titles
- UPSS - PlayStation Portable UMD Single-layer titles
- UPDL - PlayStation Portable UMD Dual-layer titles
- BPSS - PlayStation 3 Blu-ray Disc Single-layer titles
- BPDL - PlayStation 3 Blu-ray Disc Dual-layer titles
- B4SS - PlayStation 4 Blu-ray Disc Single-layer titles
- B4DL - PlayStation 4 Blu-ray Disc Dual-layer titles
- "Sony DADC - Terre Haute, Indiana". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- "Sony-CBS Deal", New York Times, 1985-10-19, retrieved 2017-01-06[page needed]
- "Sony DADC - Brazil". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- "Sony DADC - Toronto, Ontario, Canada". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- "Sony DADC - Mexico City". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- Laserdisc Databank - Laser Rot, 2012-10-19
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- Davoudi, Salamander (8 August 2011). "Indie labels hit by warehouse arson attack". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- "More than 1.5m CDs destroyed in Sony warehouse fire". BBC Radio 1 Newsbeat. BBC. 11 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
- "Labels react to Sony/PIAS warehouse fire". Pitchfork Media. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- "Independent record labels detail fire recovery plans". BBC News. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- Smirke, Richard (15 August 2011). "BPI establishes fund for indie labels impacted by London riots". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
- "Sony DADC Locations Worldwide Services". sonydadc.com. 4 August 2016. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- "Sony DADC Japan Inc. - Company Profile". sonydadc.co.jp. 4 August 2016. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- "GROUP COMPANIES OF SONY DADC". sonydadc.com. 4 August 2016. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- "Sony DADC closes Mexico plant". dvd-and-beyond.com. 3 May 2015. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- Christina Schobesberger (16 January 2012). "Sony DADC Austria AG strafft Produktionsprogramm in Europa" (in German). ots.at. Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
- "Sony DADC starts local PlayStation®3 (PS3™) disc manufacturing in Russia". sonydadc.com. 25 October 2011. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.