Sonny Chiba

Shinichi Chiba (Japanese: 千葉 真一, Hepburn: Chiba Shin'ichi, born January 22, 1939), also known as Sonny Chiba, is a Japanese actor, singer, film producer, film director, and martial artist.

Sonny Chiba
Sonny Chiba 1961.jpg
Studio publicity photo (1961)
Born
Sadaho Maeda

(1939-01-22) January 22, 1939 (age 81)
Fukuoka, Japan
OccupationActor, singer, film producer, film director, martial artist
Years active1960–present
Spouse(s)
(
m. 1972; div. 1994)

Tamami Chiba
(
m. 1996; div. 2015)
ChildrenJuri Manase
Mackenyu
Gordon Maeda
Websitewww.chibashinichi.com

Chiba was one of the first actors to achieve stardom through his skills in martial arts, initially in Japan and later before an international audience.[1][2]

Early lifeEdit

Born Sadaho Maeda (前田 禎穂, Maeda Sadaho) in Fukuoka, Japan, he was the third of five children in the family of a military test pilot.[3] When he was four years old, his father was transferred to Kisarazu, Chiba, and the family moved to Kimitsu, Chiba.[4]

After Chiba went to junior high school in Kimitsu, the physical education teacher advised him to do artistic gymnastics.[5] He also was passionate about track and field sports, baseball and volleyball.[5] He participated in those four sports championships of Chiba Prefecture.[5] In high school, Chiba dedicated himself to artistic gymnastics and won the National Sports Festival of Japan while in his third year.[1][6] He enjoyed watching Western movies such as Shane and High Noon.[6]

Chiba went to the Nippon Sport Science University in 1957.[1][7] He was a serious candidate for a place in the Japanese Olympic team in his late teens until he was sidelined by a back injury.[1][7] While he was a university student, he began studying martial arts with the renowned Kyokushin Karate master Masutatsu "Mas" Oyama (whom he later portrayed in a trilogy of films), which led to a first-degree black belt on October 15, 1965, later receiving a fourth-degree on January 20, 1984.[8]

CareerEdit

Sometime around 1960,[9] he was discovered in a talent search (called "New Face") by the Toei film studio, and he began his screen career soon after.[citation needed] The CEO of Toei at the time bestowed him with the stage name "Shinichi Chiba."

His acting career began on television, starring in two tokusatsu superhero shows, first replacing Susumu Wajima as the main character Kōtarō Ran/ Seven Color Mask in Seven Color Mask (Nana-iro kamen) in the second half of the series, then starred as Gorō Narumi/Messenger of Allah in Messenger of Allah (Allah no Shisha). His movie debut and first starring movie role was the 1961 science fiction movie Invasion of the Neptune Men. Later that year, Chiba appeared in the first Kinji Fukasaku film, Wandering Detective: Tragedy in Red Valley, which marked the beginning of a long series of collaborations for the two. Over the next decade, he was cast primarily in crime thrillers. By 1970, Chiba had started his own training school for aspiring martial arts film actors and stunt performers known as J.A.C (Japan Action Club). He starred in the Karate Kiba (Bodyguard Kiba), after appearing on the Battles Without Honor and Humanity: Deadly Fight in Hiroshima in 1973. Karate Kiba was the first movie for him about martial arts. Chiba's breakthrough international hit was The Street Fighter (1974) which was brought to Western audiences (dubbed in English) by New Line Cinema. The film and its sequels established him as the reigning Japanese martial arts actor in international cinema for the next two decades.[1][2] It was New Line Cinema founder Robert Shaye who gave Chiba the English name "Sonny",[10] which Chiba would adopt as his own (mostly for non-Japanese projects) from that point on.

His subsequent projects included such pictures as The Bullet Train (1975), Karate Warriors (1976), Doberman Cop (1977), Golgo 13: Assignment Kowloon (1977) and The Assassin (1977). He also occasionally returned to the science fiction genre, in movies such as Message from Space (1978). He began to star also on some jidaigeki such as Shogun's Samurai (1978), The Fall of Ako Castle (1978), G.I. Samurai (1979), Shadow Warriors (1980), Samurai Reincarnation (1981). He was not only actor but also stunt coordinator at G.I. Samurai, Burning Brave (1981), Shogun's Shadow (1989) and executive producer, film director at Yellow Fangs (1990).

Chiba was even busier in the 1980s, doing dozens of movies as well as making forays into television, and with roles in such high-profile adventures as the popular Hong Kong comic-based movie: The Storm Riders (1998), starring alongside Ekin Cheng and Aaron Kwok. His fame in Japan remained unabated into the 1990s.[citation needed]

In his fifties, the actor resumed working as a choreographer of martial arts sequences. At the dawn of the 21st century, Chiba was as busy as ever in feature films and also starring in his own series in Japan. Roles in Takashi Miike's Deadly Outlaw: Rekka and his work with directors Kenta and Kinji Fukasaku in Battle Royale II effectively bridged the gap between modern day and yesteryear cinematic cult legends. Chiba's enduring onscreen career received a tribute when he appeared in a key role as Hattori Hanzo, the owner of a sushi restaurant and retired samurai sword craftsman, in director Quentin Tarantino's bloody revenge epic Kill Bill in 2003.

Chiba has starred in more than 125 films for Toei Studios and has won numerous awards in Japan for his acting.[11] In November 2007, he announced the retirement of the stage name Shinichi Chiba and will now be known (in Japan) as J.J. Sonny Chiba (JJサニー千葉, Justice Japan Sonny Chiba) as an actor and Rindō Wachinaga (和千永 倫道, Wachinaga Rindō) as a film director.[12]

Chiba established the Japan Action Club, now Japan Action Enterprise (JAE) to develop and raise the level of martial arts techniques and sequences used in Japanese film and television.

Personal lifeEdit

Chiba divorced his first wife, actress Yōko Nogiwa, with whom he has a daughter, Juri Manase, who is also an actress. He has two sons from his second marriage to Tamami Chiba (which lasted from 1996 to 2015): child actor Mackenyu Arata (新田真剣佑, Arata Makken'yū), born on November 16, 1996, and Gordon (郷敦), born in 2000. He currently lives in Yokohama, Japan.

His younger brother, Jirō Yabuki (also known as Jiro Chiba), was also an actor.

In Western popular cultureEdit

Martial arts ranksEdit

Chiba holds black belts in the following martial arts:

FilmographyEdit

FilmsEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1961 Police Department Story:
Alibi
Detective Nakagawa
Police Department Story:
The 15 Year Old Woman
Detective Nakagawa
Wandering Detective:
Tragedy in Red Valley
Gorō Saionji
Wandering Detective:
Black Wind in the Harbor
Gorō Saionji
Invasion of the Neptune Men Shinichi Tachibana/Iron Sharp
Vigilante with a Funky Hat Ichirō Tenka
Police Department Story:
Twelve Detectives
Detective Nakagawa
Vigilante with a Funky Hat:
The 20,000,000 Yen Arm
Ichirō Tenka
Shinto Boss Series:
Employee Ishimatsu is the Man
Nagashima
1962 The Kamikaze Yūki
Love School Shinichi Kogure
Escape: The 2/26 Incident Private First Class Shinohara
For Love, the Sun, and the Gang Yamauchi
Higher Than the Stars in the Sky Yoshio Horimoto
Tragedy of Twins Masaki
Four Sisters Shinkichi Hayami
Mid-August Commotion Dr. Ōmori
Gang vs G-Men Osamu Kaji
The Gambler Mōri
The Terrifying Witch Daisuke Shirono
1963 Twins Searching for Mother Ume-san
President Jiro and Employee Ishimatsu:
Yasugi Bushi Road
Hiroshi Shiomi
The Violent Underworld Kazuo Ichinoki
Special Tactical Police Detective Naitō
Twins in the Meadow Kenichi Tomizawa
Judo for Life Shirō Hongō
Special Tactical Police 2 Detective Naitō
Lure of A Killer Daisuke Jōno
Gambler Tales of Hasshu:
A Man's Pledge
Satarō
The Chivalrous of Asakusa Shinsuke Hayama
The Navy Takao Mutaguchi
Yakuza's Song Shunji Nitta
Gang Chusingura Shichirō Yatō
White Ball Yōta Ogiwara
Blackmail is My Life Gorō Ozawa
1964 Decree from Hell Shinichi Ōmatsu
Judo for Life:
The Devil of Kodokan
Shirō Hongō
Tokyo Untouchable:
Prostitution Underground Organization
Yoshio Hamada
Here Because of You Makoto Yabuki
Dragon and Tiger Generation Shinichi Matsuhashi
1965 Singing to Those Clouds Jun Tonomura
That Cute Girl Morimoto
Hey, Clouds! Saburō Tatsumi
Tale of Japanese Burglars Attorney Ōki
The Fugitive Saburō Tateishi
Yakuza G-Men:
Meiji Underworld
Tōru Shibayama
A Villain's Code Of Honor Sōichi Jinnai
Abashiri Prison:
Hokkai Territory
Hayama
1966 Bitches of the Night Tatsuo Ōtsuki
Kamikaze Man:
Duel at Noon
Ken Mitarai
Terror Beneath the Sea Abe
Abashiri Prison:
Duel in the South
Tanimura
Dash to the Sun Takashi Shindō
Game of Chance Bungo Endō
Ōgon Bat Dr.Yamatone
1967 Soshiki Bōryoku Shinji Takasugi
Game of Chance 2 Bungo Endō
Diaries of the Kamikaze Second Sub-lieutenant Hanzawa
The North Sea Chivalry Shūichi Aida
King of Gangsters Matsumoto
Game of Chance 3 Bungo Endō
Kawachi Chivalry Komakichi Sugimoto
1968 Human Torpedoes:
Kaiten Special Attack Force
Chief navigator Takiguchi
Army Intelligence 33 Kazuo Yamamoto
The Young Eagles of the Kamikaze Second Sub-lieutenant Kodama
1969 Delinquent Boss:
Ocho the She-Wolf
Mitsuo Fujiki
Memoir of Japanese Assassins Tadashi Onuma
1970 Yakuza Deka Shirō Hayata
Yakuza Cop 2:
Marijuana Trafficking Syndicate
Shirō Hayata
The Last Suicide Squad Captain Mishima
1971 Yakuza Cop 3:
Poison Gas Affair
Shirō Hayata
Yakuza Cop 4:
No Epitaphs for Us
Shirō Hayata
1972 Yakuza Wolf:
I Perform Murder
Gōsuke Himuro
Vice G-Men Yasuo Kikuchi
Wandering Ginza Butterfly 2:
She-Cat Gambler
Ryūji Azuma
Yakuza Wolf 2:
Extend My Condolences
Tōru Ibuki
Vice G-Men 2:
Terrifying Flesh Hell
Haruo Kikuchi
1973 Battles Without Honor and Humanity:
Deadly Fight in Hiroshima
Katsutoshi Ōtomo
Karate Kiba Naoto Kiba
Tokyo-Seoul-Bangkok Drug Triangle Tatsuya Wada
Karate Kiba 2 Naoto Kiba
1974 The Street Fighter Takuma Tsurugi
Return of the Street Fighter Takuma Tsurugi
Military Spy School Ichirō Kikuchi
The Executioner Ryūichi
Sister Street Fighter Seiichi Hibiki
The Street Fighter's Last Revenge Takuma Tsurugi
The Executioner II:
Karate Inferno
Ryūichi
1975 Killing Machine Doshin So
Young Nobility:
Maki of the 13 Steps
Kenichi Hyūga
Wolfguy:
Enraged Lycanthrope
Akira Inugami
The Bullet Train Aoki
Champion of Death Masutatsu Ōyama
Detonation: Violent Riders Tsugami
New Battles Without Honor and Humanity:
The Boss's Head
Bartender Uncredited
The Defensive Power of Aikido Shinbei Natori
Karate Bearfighter Masutatsu Ōyama
1976 Dragon Princess Isshin Higaki
Yokohama Underworld:
Machine Gun Dragons
Keiichi Komatsu
Karate Warriors Shūhei Sakata
The Rugby Star Rikio Ōtate
Jail Breakers Wataru Kangi
Okinawa Yakuza War Seigō Kunigami
1977 Yakuza War: The Japanese Don Tsuneyoshi Sakota
Soul of Chiba Mu Yun Tek Planning
Hokuriku Proxy War Hachirō Kanai
Karate for Life Mas Oyama
Gambler's Code of Japan Katsuji Kogure
Doberman Cop Jōji Kanō
Torakku Yarō Jōji Niimura
Golgo 13: Assignment Kowloon Golgo 13/Duke Tōgō
Black Jack:
The Visitor in the Eye
Drunk
1978 Shogun's Samurai Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi
Message from Space Prince Hans
Okinawa: The Ten Year War Chōyū Inami
The Fall of Ako Castle Kazuemon Fuwa
1979 Dead Angle Yōsuke Ōta
Hunter in the Dark Samon Shimoguni
The Resurrection of the Golden Wolf Mitsuhiko Sakurai
G.I. Samurai Lt. Yoshiaki Iba Action director
1980 Virus Dr. Yamauchi
Shogun's Ninja Shōgen Shiranui Action director
1981 The Bushido Blade Prince Ido
Chanbara Graffiti documentary
Samurai Reincarnation Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi
Roaring Fire Shunsuke Tachikawa Action director
The Kamikaze Adventurer Daisuke Kamikaze
The Blazing Valiant Action Director
1982 Fall Guy Himself
Ninja Wars Yagyū Munetoshi
1983 Kabamaru the Ninja Saizō Igano Planning
Legend of the Eight Samurai Dōsetsu Inuyama
1984 Kotaro to the Rescue Moore County colonel Planning
1985 The Last True Yakuza Ryōzō Kanō
1986 Cabaret
1987 Sure Death 4: Revenge Bunshichi Warabeya
1989 Tetsuro Tamba's Large Spiritual World
Shogun's Shadow Shōzaemon Iba Action director
Sensei Makoto Ushiyama Producer
1990 Yellow Fangs Director
Producer
1991 Gokudo Wars Takatsugu Kasai
1992 Fighting Fist Superintendent Yamada Director
Aces: Iron Eagle III Colonel Sueo Horikoshi
A Mine Field Hiromichi Takagi Original idea
The Triple Cross Shiba
1994 Immortal Combat Jiro 'J.J.' Jintani
1995 Body Count Makoto
1998 The Storm Riders Lord Conqueror
2000 The Legend of the Flying Swordsman 'Dagger' Yuan-ba Li
Born to Be King Ichio Kusakari
Chinchiromai Takeshi Kuroda
2001 The Melancholy Hitman Direct-to-video
Akumyoh Tōyōzō Kuroshima Direct-to-video
Koroshi no Gundan Miyoshi Direct-to-video
Koroshi no Gundan 2 Miyoshi Direct-to-video
2002 Akumyoh 2 Tōyōzō Kuroshima Direct-to-video
Deadly Outlaw: Rekka Yasunori Hijikata
Yakuza of Legend:
Chapter of Raging Fire
Don no Michi 6 Takagi Direct-to-video
2003 Don no Michi 7 Takagi Direct-to-video
Don no Michi 8 Takagi Direct-to-video
New Shadow Warriors hanzō Hattori I Planning
Yakuza of Legend:
Chapter of the Setting Sun
Direct-to-video
New Shadow Warriors II Hanzō Hattori I Planning
Don no Michi 9 Takagi Direct-to-video
Battle Royale II: Requiem Makio Mimura
True Kyūshū Yakuza 1 Isoji Ōga Direct-to-video
New Shadow Warriors III Hanzō Hattori I Executive producer
Kill Bill Volume 1 Hanzō Hattori Kenjutsu Choreographer
Namishō no Yamamoto-ja! Kenka Yakyū-hen Direct-to-video
2004 New Shadow Warriors IV  Hanzō Hattori I Executive producer
Zenidō Kōjirō Shinkai
Zenidō 2 Kōjirō Shinkai
Zenidō 3 Kōjirō Shinkai
New Boss of Japan Matsuo Takano Direct-to-video
New Boss of Japan 2 Matsuo Takano Direct-to-video
New Boss of Japan 3 Matsuo Takano Direct-to-video
Survive Style 5+ Kazama
Zenidō 4 Kōjirō Shinkai Direct-to-video
Explosive City Otosan
Zenidō 5 Kōjirō Shinkai Direct-to-video
2005 Zenidō 6 Kōjirō Shinkai
New Shadow Warriors V Hanzō Hattori I
New Shadow Warriors VI Hanzō Hattori I
Sarutobi Sasuke and the Army of Darkness 3:
Wind Chapter
Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi
Sarutobi Sasuke and the Army of Darkness 4:
Fire Chapter
Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi
2006 The Fast and the Furious:
Tokyo Drift
Boss Kamata
Master of Thunder Genryū
The Winds of God: Kamikaze Nobutada Ōta
True Kyūshū Yakuza 2 Isoji Ōga Direct-to-video
2007 True Kyūshū Yakuza 3 Isoji Ōga Direct-to-video
Oyaji Ryūmichi Numata Director
2009 Sennen no Matsu Direct-to-video
Sennen no Matsu 2 Direct-to-video
2012 Shura no Hanamichi Yoshio Sutama
Shura no Hanamichi 2  Yoshio Sutama Direct-to-video
Gokudō no Monshō Part 18 Direct-to-video
Sushi Girl Sushi chef
2013 Nihon Tōitsu Seizō Gonda
Nihon Tōitsu 2 Seizō Gonda Direct-to-video
2014 Shura no Denshō Araburu Kyō Inu Shūhei Akiyama
Kabukichō High School Hakkaisan board chairman
Kanto Gokudo Association Part 1 Direct-to-video
2015 Take a Chance Miyamoto Musashi
Kanto Gokudo Association Part 2 Direct-to-video
April Fools Bōryokudan leader
So-On: The Five Oyaji
2017 Gokudō Tenka Fubu Part 1 Motonari Mōriya
Teppen Direct-to-video
Gokudō Tenka Fubu Part 2 Motonari Mōriya
Teppen 2 Direct-to-video
Teppen 3 Direct-to-video
Shashin Koshien Summer in 0.5 Seconds Chair workshop craftsman
Gokudō Tenka Fubu Part 4 Motonari Mōriya
2019 Bond of Justice: Kizuna

TelevisionEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1960 Seven Color Mask Seven Color Mask II/Kōtarō Ran 26 episodes
Messenger of Allah Gorō Narumi 26 episodes
Wanted: Demon Fire 1 episode
1963 The Light of Asakusa TV film
1964 JNR Inspector No. 36 Railway Inspector Hayakawa 4 episodes
1965 Flag of Glory Lieutenant Yamanaka 1 episode
Blind Black Belt Tatsuya Kurami
Special Tactical Police Detective Komatsu 1 episode
Kiiroi Fūdo
1968 Key Hunter Yōsuke Kazama
1969 Special Investigation Office 1 episode
1970 Judo Straight Line Washio 3 episodes
1972 The Young Detective Detective Yabuki 3 episodes
1973 Robot Detective Keitarō Shinjō 2 episodes
Suspense Series:
Modern Witch Tale Murderous Love
Shige 1 episode
1974 The Bodyguard Shūsuke Washimi 26 episodes
1975 The Gorilla Seven Daisuke Kazami 26 episodes
Blazing Dragnet Shirō Ōgami 14 episodes
1976 Emergency Line Masahiro Godai 10 episodes
Nanairo Tongarashi Tetsuo Samejima
1977 Shingo Tondeke Torimonochō
1978 Crossroads Junzō Kihara 3 episodes
Omoide no Umibe Papa, Boku Shinitakunai!! TV film
The Yagyu Conspiracy Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi 39 episodes
Yukiyama Sanka Aru Seishun: Tateta! Subereta! TV film
Southern Cross Miyamoto Musashi TV film
1980 Shadow Warriors Hanzō Hattori III 27 episodes
Tokyo Great Earthquake Magnitude 8.1 Kobayashi TV film
Yagyu Abaretabi Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi 26 episodes
1981 Keishichō Satsujin-ka 1 episode
Shadow Warriors II Shinpachi Tsuge 26 episodes
1982 Space Sheriff Gavan Voicer 1 episode
Uncredited
Shadow Warriors III Hanzō Tarao 26 episodes
Yagyu Jubei Abaretabi Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi 26 episodes
1983 Space Sheriff Sharivan Voicer 1 episode
Uncredited
1984 Wonderful Circus Guy Daigaku Maejima TV film
Planning
1985 Shadow Warriors IV Hanzō Hattori XV 27 episodes
Shadow Warriors: The End of an Era Hanzō Hattori XV 13 episodes
1986 Shinya ni Yōkoso Kōzō Murata 4 episodes
1987 Taikoki Mitsuhide Akechi TV film
Tomorrow's Snow Dr. Sakamoto TV film
A Traveling Girl Takeshi Ishikawa
Autumn Scenario Tatsumi TV film
1988 Ieyasu Tokugawa Kazumasa Ishikawa TV film
Ryokō keba Renzoku Satsujin Tetsuya Nanjō TV film
1989 Nobunaga Oda Nobuhide Oda TV film
Iemitsu, Hikoza, and Isshin Tasuke:
A National Crisis
Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi TV film
OL Sennyū! Nippon Fūzoku Meisho Iwata TV film
The Days I Saw in My Dreams Shinsaku Sekimoto 10 episodes
1990 Yoshitsune Minamoto Kakunichi Zenrinbō TV film
Shingo's Ten Duels Tamon Umei TV film
Ashi de Miru-yama Kurahashi TV film
Seventeen Ninja Iga no Jingoza TV film
Assistant director
1991 Shingen Takeda Nobutora Takeda TV film
Saito Dosan: Rage of Power Mitsutsugu Akechi TV film
1992 Tokugawa Buraichō [[Matsudaira Tadateru 24 episodes
1993 Mori Ranmaru:
Sengoku o Kake Nuketa Waka Jishi
Sanzaemon Yoshinari Mori TV film
1996 Legend of St. Dragon Yūji Saeki 1 episode
1997 Terakoya Yume Shinan Matajūrō Sensui 23 episodes
2001 Shotgun-Marriage Ittetsu Kotani 11 episodes
2002 Wind and Cloud Lord Conqueror
2005 Legendary Sword fights of Yagyu Jubei Miyamoto Musashi 1 episode
Team Astro J. Shuro
2007 Fūrin Kazan Nobukata Itagaki 30 episodes
2011 Secret Agent Erika Pastor of St. Francisco Church 1 episode
2014 Owakon TV Genjirō Aramaki 8 episodes

ShortsEdit

Year Title Role Notes
2013 Ninja Theory Ninja master Voice
2018 Shakespeare in Tokyo Calligrapher

TheaterEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1981 Yagyu Jubei Makai Tensho Jūbei Mitsuyoshi Yagyū
Stuntman Story
1982–1984 The Big Adventure of The Fantastic Pirates Captain Daedalus Director
1985 The Drunken Duke Duke Robert Director
Planning
Original idea
1986 Adventure Youth Departure Planning Supervision
Stuntman Love Story Planning Supervision
1987 Shinichi Chiba's Shadow Warriors
2008 Furin Kazan: Harunobu Burning Nobukata Itagaki
2015 Biohazard: The Stage Ezra Sennett

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "SPORTS CITY". Kamakura Shobo. 1 (2): 32. 1981.
  2. ^ a b "Honke Bruce Lee wo shinogu Chiba Shinichi" [Shinichi Chiba surpasses Bruce Lee as the movie star of martial arts]. Sports Hochi (in Japanese). Tokyo. December 27, 1974.
  3. ^ Chibaryū samurai eno michi, pp.81 – 82.
  4. ^ Chiba Shin'ichi aratame Wachinaga Rindō, pp.38 – 39.
  5. ^ a b c Chibaryū samurai eno michi, pp.89.
  6. ^ a b Chibaryū samurai eno michi, pp.95 – 96.
  7. ^ a b Chiba Shin'ichi aratame Wachinaga Rindō, pp.53.
  8. ^ a b "International Karate Organization KYOKUSHINKAIKAN Domestic Black Belt List As of Oct.2000". Kyokushin karate sōkan : shin seishin shugi eno sōseiki e. Aikēōshuppanjigyōkyoku: 62–64. 2001. ISBN 4-8164-1250-6.
  9. ^ The dates are uncertain, because it is possible that he had television appearances to his credit as early as 1959.
  10. ^ Liebenson, Donald (January 28, 1996). "PRIVATE LIVES: HOME ENTERTAINMENT, FAMILY ACTIVITIES : VIDEO : 'The Street Fighter' Scratches a Niche : Japanese action star Sonny Chiba is coming to America, and he's bringing blood and gore with him". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  11. ^ Ragone, August. "SHINICHI "SONNY" CHIBA: A Real Mean Bastard!". Henshin!Online. Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  12. ^ "千葉真一「JJサニー」に改名!映画監督としては「和千永倫道」 Archived 23 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine." Sankei Shimbun.
  13. ^ a b Thomas, Brian. VideoHound's Dragon: Asian Action & Cult Flicks. Canton, Michigan: Visible Ink Press, 2003, pp. 61–62.
  14. ^ "Chiba Takayuki"; commentary from Yabako Sandrovich. End of Chapter 102.
  15. ^ "Sonny Chiba". www.sonnychiba.com.au. Retrieved June 20, 2020.

BibliographyEdit

  • Chiba Shin'ichi aratame Wachinaga Rindō (in Japanese). Yama to Keikokush. 2008. ISBN 4-635-34022-8.
  • Chibaryū samurai eno michi (in Japanese). Bunkasha. 2010. ISBN 4-8211-4269-4.

External linksEdit