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Sonipat, anciently named Swarnprastha, is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Haryana state of India. It comes under the National Capital Region and is around 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Delhi. It is also around 214 km(128 miles) southwest of Chandigarh, the state capital. The Yamuna River runs along the eastern boundary.


Municipal Corporation
Sonipat is located in Haryana
Location in Haryana, India
Sonipat is located in India
Sonipat (India)
Coordinates: 28°59′24″N 77°01′19″E / 28.990°N 77.022°E / 28.990; 77.022Coordinates: 28°59′24″N 77°01′19″E / 28.990°N 77.022°E / 28.990; 77.022
Country India
RegionNorth India
Named forMahabharata
 • M.P.Ramesh Chander Kaushik (BJP)
 • M.L.A.Kavita Jain (BJP)
224.15 m (735.40 ft)
 • Total458,149
 • OfficialHindi, Haryanvi
 • Second OfficialHaryanvi, Punjabi
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (Indian Standard Time)
Telephone Code+91-130
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR-10, HR-69(Commercial Vehicles), HR-99(Temporary)
Sex Ratio1.19 /

On 22 December 1972, Sonipat was carved out of Rohtak and made a full-fledged district. It is called Jatland due to the majority of Jat people.[2][3][4]



According to legend, Sonipat was earlier known as Sonprastha, which later on became Swarnprastha (lit. 'Golden City').[5][6] Later, the name Swarnprastha changed into Swarnpath, and then to its current form, Sonipat.[7]

Ancient historyEdit

Reference to the city comes in the epic Mahabharata as Swarnprastha. It was one of the five Prastha demanded by Pandavas as the price of peace from Duryodhan in lieu of the kingdom Hastinapur. The other four Prastha were Panprastha (Panipat), Baghprastha (Baghpat), Tilprastha (Tilpat) and Indraprastha (Delhi).[8][page needed]

Geography and topographyEdit

Sonipat is located at 28°59′N 77°01′E / 28.98°N 77.02°E / 28.98; 77.02.[9] It has an average elevation of 224.15 meters above sea level (735.4 feet). Sonipat borders Delhi, the national capital, to the south, Panipat district to the north, Uttar Pradesh state to the east and Rohtak And Jind district to the west. The total area of Sonipat district is 2,260 km2.The location is going to be very good in future as two expressways: The Eastern Peripheral Expressway & The Western Peripheral Expressway are going to meet on the outskirts of the city.

Topographically, Sonipat district is divided into three regions, the Khadar, Upland Plain and Sandy Region. Sonipat city lies on the upland plains, which are covered with old alluvium, which, if properly irrigated, is highly productive. Broadly speaking, the district is a continuous part of the Haryana-Punjab Plain, but the area is not level in some parts. Sonipat District has fine loamy soil with a rich color. However, some areas have sandy soil. Khanda village is Famous for Brick Factories there are 100+ Bhattas ( Kiln ) in this village.

Blocks in SonipatEdit

There are 7 Blocks in Sonipat District


The climate of Sonipat is composite, dry with a hot summer and a cold winter. The weather becomes milder during the Monsoon period (July to September). The post-monsoon months of October and November constitute a transition period prior to the onset of winter.

The winter starts in December when day and night temperatures fall rapidly. January is the coldest month when the mean daily minimum temperature is 6–7 °C (43–45 °F). During cold waves, the minimum temperature may go down to the freezing point of water, and frosts can occur. During the summer months of May and June, the maximum temperature sometimes reaches 47 °C (117 °F). The temperature drops considerably with the advancement of the monsoon in June. However, the night temperature during this period continues to be high.

The annual rainfall varies considerably from year to year. However, the maximum rainfall is experienced during the monsoon season, which reaches its peak in the month of July. In fact, the monsoon period accounts for 75% of the annual rainfall in the district. On average there are 24 days in a year with rainfall of at least 2.5 mm. Humidity is low during the greater part of the year. The district experiences high humidity only during the monsoon period. The period of minimum humidity (less than 20%) is between April and May. During the monsoon, the sky is heavily clouded, and winds are strong. Winds are generally light during the post-monsoon and winter months.[10]

Climate data for Sonipat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
Average low °C (°F) 8
Average rainfall mm (inches) 19.7
Average relative humidity (%) 66 58 47 32 35 53 68 71 66 55 51 63 55
Source #1: [11]
Source #2: [12]


As of 2011 the population of Sonipat, within the city limits, was 278,149. The urban agglomeration, which includes suburbs outside of the city's jurisdiction, had a total population of 289,333.[1]

Places of interestEdit

Khwaja Khizar Tomb
The prophet Khizr Khan Khwaja

Khwaja Khizr TombEdit

The Khwaja Khizr Tomb situated in Jatwara houses the remains of the saint and son of Darya Khan who lived during the rule of Ibrahim Lodhi. The structure was built between 1522 and 1525 AD. The tomb stands on an elevated platform and is one of the few monuments where red sandstone along with ‘kankar’ blocks have been used. The ceiling is decorative and made of multicolor floral designs. The cenotaph chamber is surrounded by a dome-shaped structure which rests on a small drum of octagonal shape. Now the site is under the protection of Archaeological Survey of India and surrounded by four acres (1.6 ha) of gardens.

Mughal architectureEdit

There are several Mughal buildings on the outskirts of the city, including the Mosque of Abdullah Nasir-ud-din, who was a descendant from Mushid of Iran.

Yamuna RiverEdit

The main water system in the district is the Yamuna River and the irrigation canals flowing out of it. The river flows besides the rural belt in the eastern side of district. It also acts as a natural boundary between the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.


A cake of ghevar

Sonipat is famous for its monsoon time sweet dish ghevar which has its roots of origin here. Also its Dhabas (local restaurants) at Murthal on Grand Trunk Road, Pyarelal ke Pede and Lala Matu Ram ki Jaleba from Gohana are very much popular.


Industrial estatesEdit

There are two HSIIDC industrial estates, one each at Sonepat city and Kundli. The development of Sonepat Industrial area in the city started in the 1950s with Atlas Cycle.[13] Since then, many small and big industries have been established here. Sonipat has four industrial areas (Sonipat, Kundli, Rai, Bari) which contain numerous small- and medium-scale industries. Atlas, E.C.E.[14] or the Birla Factory, OSRAM India (formerly part of E.C.E., but in October 1998 it was acquired by OSRAM[15]) were few large scale industries name which were in city (now they have been re-located to Rai/Kundli/bari industrial areas).


Despite recent industrial development, Haryana is primarily an agricultural state. The main crops are wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, pulses, barley, maize, millet, etc. Presently, rice and sugarcane cultivation is undertaken in the Khadar area and oilseeds, horticultural plants, vegetables and flowers, is cultivated in the upland plains of district. The main sources of irrigation are tube wells and canals. There are two main types of crops: Rabi and Kharif. The major Kharif crops of Haryana are rice, jowar, bajra, maize, cotton, jute, sugarcane, Baby corn, Sweet corn, sesame and groundnuts. For these crops the ground is prepared in April and May and the seeds are sown at the commencement of rains in June. The crops are ready for harvesting by the beginning of November. The major Rabi crops are wheat, tobacco, pulses, linseed, rapeseed and mustard. The ground is prepared by the end of October or the beginning of November and the crops are harvested by March. Dairy farming forms an essential part of the rural economy. Animal husbandry has been taken up as an integral component of diversified agriculture.


Rajiv Gandhi Education CityEdit

The Rajiv Gandhi Education City, Sonipat (RGEC) at Kundli is project by Government of Haryana to develop a hub of higher education institutes. Indian Institute of Technology Sonipat has already taken possession of 50 acres of land offered for the extension of its Delhi campus. Many Universities have started their projects to establish their campus.[citation needed]



The Sonipat Hindu Educational & Charitable Society has been active since 1914 and has established 17 institutions offering programmes at secondary, senior secondary, graduate and post graduate levels in the fields of science, arts, commerce, pharmacy, education, architecture, engineering and technology.[16]

Shri Sanatan Dharam Sabha is another charitable trust which isactive in the field of education in the city. It runs the Gita Vidya Mandir College of Pharmacy and Gita Vidya Mandir Girls College.[citation needed]

There are many colleges in the fields of arts, commerce, hospitality, pharmacy, education, architecture, engineering, technology and management.


The Sports Authority of India has established the Northern Regional Center (the SAI, Ch. Devi Lal Regional Center) at Sonipat to provide world-class facilities for athletes (especially wrestlers).

In July 1973 the government established the Motilal Nehru School of Sports, Rai, Sonipat[17] to provide education facilities with extra emphasis on sports. It trains athletes in hockey, basketball, lawn tennis, horse riding, gymnastics, swimming, rifle shooting, volleyball, boxing, cricket and football.

Sonipat Lok SabhaEdit

Sonipat (Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 10 Lok Sabha (Parliamentary) constituencies in Haryana state in northern India.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Sonipat City Population Census 2011 | Haryana".
  2. ^ "Loksabha Election: जाटलैंड के रण में घुड़सवार तय करने में भाजपा के छूट रहे पसीने". (in Hindi). Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  3. ^ "लोकसभा चुनाव 2019: सोनीपत सीट पर रहा है जाट उम्मीदवारों का दबदबा– News18 हिंदी". News18 India. 13 March 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  4. ^ "देवीलाल के बहाने जाटलैंड में इनेलो बजाएगा चुनावी बिगुल, मायावती पर टिकी हैं नजरें". (in Hindi). Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  5. ^ Gupta, Ramesh Chandra (1985). Urban geography of Delhi-Shahadra. Bhavna Prakashan.
  6. ^ Kauśika, Rs̥hi Jaiminī; Baruā, Jaiminī Kauśika (1967). Maiṃ apane Māravāṛī samāja ko pyāra karatā hūm̐ (in Hindi). Jaiminī-Prakāśana.
  7. ^ Sharma, Chandrapal (1 September 2017). भारतीय संस्कृति और मूल अंकों के स्वर : अंक चक्र : Bhartiya Sanskriti aur Mool Anko ke Swar Ank Chakra (in Hindi). Diamond Pocket Books Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9789352784875.
  8. ^ Gupta, Ramesh Chandra (1985). Urban geography of Delhi-Shahadra. Bhavna Prakashan.
  9. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Sonipat, India".
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ "Atlas Cycles (Haryana) Ltd., Sonepat (India)".
  14. ^ "ECE Industries Ltd".
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ "皮膚科医の仕事について知る~今求められる皮膚科医とは~". 皮膚科医の仕事について知る~今求められる皮膚科医とは~.
  17. ^

External linksEdit